# HESI A

 The flashcards below were created by user devan on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What kind of number system is commonly used in the United States? Decimal Place value is not used in which numeric system? Roman The number 0 is not used in which numeric system? Romen How to convert (F*) to (C*): Subtract 32, multiply by 5, and then divide by 9 How to convert (C*) to (F*): Multiply by 9, divide by 5, and then add 32 What is the freezing point of water in (F*) and (C*) 0* Celsius = 32* Fahrenheit What is the boiling point of water in (F*) and (C*): 100* Celsius = 212* Fahrenheit METRIC 1 Kilometer is: 1 Meter is: 1 Centemeter is: 1,000 meters100 centimeters10 millimeters ENGLISH 1 Mile is how many yards? 1 Mile is how many feet? 1 Yard is how many feet? 1 Foot is how many inches? 1,760 yards5,280 feet3 feet12 inches METRIC 1 Liter is how many milliliters? 1 milliliters is how many cubic centameters? 1,000 mls1 cubic ml ENGLISH 1 Gallon is how many quarts? 1 Gallon is how many ounces? 4 quarts128 ounces ENGLISH 1 Quart is how many pints: 1 pint is how many cups? 1 Cup is how many ounces? 1 Ounce is how many milliliters? (cubic centemeters)? 2 pints2 cups8 ounces30 milliliters What is the most important characteristic of water? POLARITY OF THE HYDROGEN - OXYGEN BOND:The most important characteristic of water is the polarity of its bond. The results of its polarity are hydrogen bonding, a high specific heat value, and its versatile solvent properties. What biologic macromolecules is most important to the cellular membrane? PHOSPHOLIPIDS:The cellular membrane is able to funtion as a barrier protecting the cell because of the polarity of the phospholipid.It is the key component that makes the membraine possible. Steroids, membrain protiens, and carbohydrates aid in the fuction of the membrane, but they are not responsible for its creation and well-being. What cellular origanelle is the sight of the catabolic pathway leading to cellular energy production? MITOCHONDRION:A catabolic pathway is one that breaks down molecules to produce energy. The organelle responsible for this is the mitochondrion. The chloroplast acts to harvest solar energy to store its chemical energy. The two forms of ER funtion to produce transport vesicles and proteins. What type of cellular reproduction do bacteria undergo? BINARY FISSION:Bacteria are single-celled organisms that are not complex. They undergo a simple process of division called binary fission. What is the probability that a recessive trait would be expressed in offspring if two parents who are both heterozygous for the desired trait were crossed? 25%:The second Punnett square in the section on genetics is a cross of the two parents who are heterozygous for the same trait. As you can see, there is one in four or 25% chance that that the recessive trait will be expressed. If one is dominant then it will be expressed. In which organelle dose transcription begin? NUCLEUS:Transcription begins with the reading of DNA in a cell to reduce a complamentry strand of mRNA. The DNA of the cell is located in the nucleus. Therefore the beginning of transcription takes place in the nucleus . The ribosome is the site of translation. Cytoplasm is the semitransparent, gelatinous fluid that is present in cells. What characterizes a chemical reaction as combustion? ADDITION OF O2: What is the serous membrane surrounding the heart? PERICARDIUM:peri means "around" cardio refers to the heart. The three body planes are: Green line indicates: Red line indicates: Blue line indicates: Green: Transverse Plane is a cross sectionRed: Median Plane is a Sagittal sectionBlue: Coronal Plane is a frontal section Review the eight directions of the body: Superior: aboveInferior: belowAnterior: facing forward/frontPosterior: towords the back Medial: towards the midlineLateral: away from the midlineProximal: The top of the arm or leg/closer to the point of atttachmentDistial: Twords the bottom of the point of attachment Name the head bones: 1: Mandible 2: Zygomatic3: Temporal4: Parietal5: Frontal/Skull6: Nasel7: Maxilla Name the arm bones: 1: Carpals2: Metacarpals3: Phalanges4: Ulna5: Humerus6: Radius7: Olecranon process Names the lower bones: 1:Llium2: Femur3: Fibula4: Tibia5: Metatarsals6: Phalanges7: Tarsals8: Fibula9: Patella10: Pelvic Gridle Vertebral Bones: Cervical Vertebrea (7)Thoracic Vertebrae (12)Lumbar Vertebrae (5)SacrumCoccyx - tail bone Roles of digestion system: Salivary Gland: Moistens and lubs food amylase diagests polysacchardesMouth: Breaks up foodPharynx: SwallowingEsophagus: Transports foodLiver: Breaks down and builds up many bioligical molecules stores vitamins and iron, destroys old blood cells and poisons. bile aids in digestionGallbladder: Stores and concentrates bileStomach: Stores and churns food pepsin digest protien HCI activates enzymes, breaks up food, kills germs, Mucus protects stomach wallPancreas: Hormones regulate blood glucose levels neutralizes stomach acidd digest protiens and lipidsLarge Intestines: Reabsorbs some water and ions, forms and stores fecesSmall Intestine: Completes digestion mucus protects gut wall Rectum: Stores and expels fecesAnus: Opening for elimination of feces Within liver cells, glycogen can be decomposed to yellow glucose. For this process to occur, which substance must also be present? glucagon (adrenaline) and epinephrine At which phase of meiosis dose crossing over occur? Prophase I Which cellular process results in the formation of sugar from carbon dioxide? Calvin cycle: What is the expected PH of the stomach? 0.90 to 1.50 The funtion of the pulmonary veins is to carry? oxygenated blood to the left atrium What is the correct electron configuration for neon? 1s22s22p6 know them be familor Authordevan ID126481 Card SetHESI A DescriptionHESI A Flashcards Updated2012-01-08T03:36:19Z Show Answers