AHI100 CH 1

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puffalo5
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AHI100 CH 1
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2012-01-08 01:18:53
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Medical Terminology Ch 1
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  1. Word Root
    Part of a word that contains its primary meaning. The main body or core of the word.
  2. Prefixes
    A prefix is the word part that is placed before the root to modify its meaning.
  3. Word Root-
    Arter, Arteri
    artery
  4. Word Root-
    arthr
    joint
  5. Word Root-
    card, cardi
    heart
  6. Word Root-gastr
    stomach
  7. Word Root-
    hepat
    liver
  8. Word Root-
    later
    side
  9. Word Root-
    norm
    a common state
  10. Word Root-
    oste
    bone
  11. Word Root-
    path
    disease
  12. Word Root-
    tens
    pressure
  13. Word Root-
    ven
    vein
  14. Prefix-
    ab-
    away from
  15. Prefix-
    bi-
    two
  16. Prefix-
    endo-
    within
  17. Prefix-
    hyper-
    excessive, abnormally high, above
  18. Prefix-
    hypo-
    under, below normal
  19. Prefix-
    intra-
    within
  20. Prefix-
    pre-
    before
  21. Prefix-
    post-
    after
  22. Prefix-
    sub-
    below, beneath
  23. Suffix
    A suffix is the word part that is attached to the end of the word root. Like the prefix, the suffix modifies the word meaning.
  24. Suffix-
    -al
    pertaining to
  25. Suffix-
    -ic
    pertaining to
  26. Suffix-
    -itis
    inflammation
  27. Suffix-
    -ology
    study of
  28. Suffix-
    -meter
    measuring instrument
  29. Suffix-
    -ous
    pertaining to
  30. Suffix-
    -pathy
    disease
  31. Suffix-
    -scope
    viewing instrument
  32. Suffix-
    -scopy
    process of viewing
  33. Combining Vowels
    A combining vowel is a word part that is used to connect other word parts in the formation of a word, but it does not modify the meaning of the word.
  34. Combining Vowels-
    Which vowels are usually used connect other word parts?
    When are they used? Example?
    o, i, e

    • used when the suffix or second word root begins with a consonant.
    • ex: gastr/o/logy
  35. Combining Vowels-
    arteri/o
    artery
  36. Combining Vowels-
    arthr/o
    joint
  37. Combining Vowels-
    cardi/o
    heart
  38. Combining Vowels-
    gastr/o
    stomach
  39. Combining Vowels-
    hepat/o
    liver
  40. Combining Vowels-
    oste/o
    bone
  41. Combining Vowels-
    path/o
    disease
  42. Combining Vowels-
    ven/o
    vein
  43. Quiz 1.5Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    arteriology
    study of arteries
  44. Quiz 1.5Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    hypergastric
    pertaining to above the stomach
  45. Quiz 1.5Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    osteology
    study of bone
  46. Quiz 1.5Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    osteoarthropathy
    disease of bone and joine
  47. Quiz 1.5Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    cardiopathic
    pertaining to disease of heart
  48. Quiz 1.5Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    postvenous
    pertaining to after a vein
  49. Quiz 1.5Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    cardiac
    pertains to the heart
  50. Quiz 1.5Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    pathology
    study of disease
  51. Quiz 1.5Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    arthritis
    inflammation of a joint
  52. Quiz 1.5Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    hepatitis
    inflammation of the liver
  53. Quiz 1.5Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    osteopathy
    disease of bone
  54. Quiz 1.5Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    gastroscopy
    process of viewing stomach
  55. Quiz 1.5Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    endoscope
    instrument for viewing within
  56. Quiz 1.5 Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    hypogastric
    pertaining to below the stomach
  57. Quiz 1.5 Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    cardiopathy
    a disease of the heart
  58. Quiz 1.5 Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    gastrology
    study of the stomach
  59. Quiz 1.5 Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    osteopathic
    pertaining to disease of bone
  60. Quiz 1.5 Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    prehepatic
    pertaining to before the liver
  61. Quiz 1.5 Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    arthrology
    study of joints
  62. Quiz 1.5 Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    prevenous
    pertaining to before a vein
  63. Quiz 1.5 Define these medical terms using word part definitions:
    arthiritis
    inflammation of a joint
  64. Quiz 1.6 Construct medical terms from the following meanings:
    disease of a joint
    arthropathy
  65. Quiz 1.6 Construct medical terms from the following meanings:
    infalmmation of bone
    osteitis
  66. Quiz 1.6 Construct medical terms from the following meanings:
    study of the heart
    cardiology
  67. Quiz 1.6 Construct medical terms from the following meanings:
    pertaining to the stomach
    gastric
  68. Quiz 1.6 Construct medical terms from the following meanings:
    pertaining to below the liver
    hypohepatic
  69. Quiz 1.6 Construct medical terms from the following meanings:
    pertaining to the stomach and liver
    gastrohepatic
  70. Singular and Plural Endings:
    If the term ends in a, the plural is usually formed by adding an ___.
    e

    ex: plural form of vertebra is bertebrae
  71. Singular and Plural Endings:
    If the term ends in is, the plural form is usually formed by changing the is to __.
    es

    ex: plural form of diagnosis is diagnoses.
  72. Singular and Plural Endings:
    If the term ends in itis, the plural form is usually formed by changing the itis to ____.
    itides

    ex: the plural form of gastritis is gastritides.
  73. Singular and Plural Endings:
    If the term ends in on or um, the plural is usually formed by changing the on or um to ___.
    a

    • ex: the plural form of ganglion is ganglia
    • ex: the plural form of myocardium is myocardia.
  74. Quiz 1.7 Singular and Plural:
    Singular: carditis
    Plural: ____
    • Singular: carditis
    • Plural: carditides
  75. Quiz 1.7 Singular and Plural:
    Singular: ____
    Plural: papillae
    • Singular: papilla
    • Plural: papillae
  76. Quiz 1.7 Singular and Plural:
    Singular: ovum
    Plural: ____
    • Singular: ovum
    • Plural: ova
  77. Quiz 1.7 Singular and Plural:
    Singular: ____
    Plural: gastrolyses
    • Singular: gastrolysis
    • Plural: gastrolyses
  78. Quiz 1.7 Singular and Plural:
    Singular: osteitis
    Plural: _____
    • Singular: osteitis
    • Plural: osteitides
  79. Quiz 1.7 Singular and Plural:
    Singular: ____
    Plural: axillae
    • Singular: axilla
    • Plural: axillae
  80. Chapter Review:
    Can you think of another example of an eponym?
    How about another example of an acronym?
    • eponym example: Pap smear which is named after Dr. George Papnicolaou
    • acronym example: SIDS (pronounced as a word rather than by the name of each letter) SIDS is an acronym for sudden infant death syndrom.
  81. Chapter review:
    How many word roots can you find in the term osteoarthritis?
    How many word roots are in the term gastrohepatovenous?
    • osteoarthiritis: 2
    • gastrihepatovenous: 3

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