Gov 5.txt

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  1. Civil rights
    Protect people from discriminatory treatment by gov't or individuals
  2. 14th Amendment
    States can't deny people equal protection under the law
  3. Equal protection of the laws
    Laws must provide equal protection for everyone
  4. Scott v. Sandford
    1857 escaped slaves had no rights and Congress couldn't ban slavery
  5. 13th Amendment
    Forbade slavery and involuntary servitude
  6. Plessy v. Ferguson
    1896 separate but equal
  7. Brown v. Board of Education
    School segregation was unequal because it violated the 14th Amendment
  8. Civil Rights Act of 1964
    Racial discrimination in hotels, motels, and restaurants was forbidden
  9. Suffrage
    Legal right to vote
  10. 15th Amendment
    Extend suffrage to African Americans
  11. Poll taxes
    • Small taxes levied on right to vote
    • Used by South to prevent African Americans from voting
  12. White primary
    • Discouraged African American voting
    • Ban Afr-Am from voting in primaries
  13. 24th Amedment
    Poll taxes void in federal elections
  14. Voting Rights Act of 1965
    • End formal and informal barriers to Afr-Am suffrage
    • Afr-Am officials increased dramatically, thousand registered
  15. Korematsu v. United States
    1944 upheld internment camps
  16. 19th Anendment
    Guarantees women the right to vote
  17. Equal Rights Amendment
    Gender equality, has not been passed by state legislatures despite public support
  18. Reed v. Reed
    1971 upheld gender discrimination for first time
  19. Craig v. Boren
    1976 medium scrutiny for gender discrimination
  20. Comparable worth
    Women who hold traditionally female jobs are paid less than men with similar jobs
  21. Americans with Disabilities Act
    • 1990 employers and public facilities must make reasonable accommodations for the disabled
    • Prohibits discrimination based on disabilities
  22. Affirmative action
    Gives special attention to the treatment of previously disadvantaged groups
  23. Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
    1978 universities can't admit less qualified individuals based only on race
  24. Adarand Constructors v. Pena
    1995 federal programs classifying people by race should be assumed unconstitutional
Card Set
Gov 5.txt
chapter 5
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