AP American: Unit 6 Test

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AP American: Unit 6 Test
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  1. A significant characteristic of American politics at the national level during the late nineteenth century was the



    A)
    development of a true multiparty system.



    B)
    dominance of the Republican Party in popular support.



    C)
    dominance of the Democratic Party in popular support.



    D)
    nearly equal division of popular support for the Democratic and Republican Parties.



    E)
    support southern states gave to the Republican Party.
    D
  2. In the late nineteenth century, which of the following groups would least likely vote Democrat?



    A)
    Roman Catholics of immigrant origin



    B)
    Protestant farmers of the South



    C)
    unskilled wage earners



    D)
    poor workers



    E)
    northern blacks
    E
  3. The most powerful institutions in national politics were



    A)
    the president and Cabinet.



    B)
    the House and Senate.



    C)
    the courts.



    D)
    the Senate.



    E)
    the political parties.
    E
  4. Which of the following acts was passed to a considerable extent as a result of the assassination of Garfield?



    A)
    the Mills Tariff Act



    B)
    the Pendleton Civil Service Act



    C)
    the Sherman Antitrust Act



    D)
    the Dependent Pension Act



    E)
    the Interstate Commerce Act
    B
  5. The most significant issue in the presidential election of 1888 was



    A)
    civil service reform.



    B)
    the Mulligan letters.



    C)
    free silver.



    D)
    the tariff.



    E)
    Reconstruction.
    D
  6. Which piece of legislation caused significant political damage for the Republicans in the 1890 congressional elections?



    A)
    the McKinley Tariff



    B)
    the Pendleton Act



    C)
    the Sherman Anti-Trust Act



    D)
    the Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act



    E)
    the Interstate Commerce Act
    A
  7. The so-called Granger laws were designed to regulate



    A)
    child labor.



    B)
    the export of farm crops.



    C)
    railroad and warehouse rates.



    D)
    minimum wages and maximum hours.



    E)
    civil service reform.
    C
  8. What did some Alliance leaders advocate that made the organization different from the Grange?



    A)
    a national society in which economic competition would give way to cooperation



    B)
    local cooperatives designed to free farmers from dependence on the merchants who kept farmers in debt



    C)
    civil service reform



    D)
    marketing mechanisms



    E)
    control of legislation
    A
  9. One of the most important leaders of the Southern Farmers' Alliance and People's Party was



    A)
    Roscoe Conkling.



    B)
    Marcus Hanna.



    C)
    Tom Watson.



    D)
    James G. Blaine.



    E)
    James B. Weaver.
    C
  10. Four of the following were contributory causes of the Panic of 1893. Which is the exception?



    A)
    the tax policies of the federal government on big business



    B)
    excessive capital investments, especially by railroads



    C)
    the loss of American markets abroad due to depressed conditions in Europe



    D)
    weakened purchasing power of farmers due to depressed prices in agriculture



    E)
    the Philadelphia and Reading Railroads declaring bankruptcy
    A
  11. In order to alleviate unemployment produced by the Panic of 1893, Jacob S. Coxey proposed



    A)
    a new dependent pensions bill.



    B)
    drafting the unemployed into the army.



    C)
    raising agricultural prices.



    D)
    a welfare program of unemployment compensation.



    E)
    creating jobs by means of government public works programs.
    E
  12. The most important issue in the 1896 presidential campaign was



    A)
    the tariff.



    B)
    foreign policy.



    C)
    the civil service.



    D)
    the money question.



    E)
    immigrant restrictions.
    D
  13. The McKinley tariff of 1890
    a. increased overall support for the Republican party
    b. helped the Republicans to win a majority of seats in the House and Senate in the election of 1890
    c. resulted in McKinley being nominated for the 1892 presidential election
    d. resulted in signifcant political losses for Republicans in the 1890 election
    D
  14. When elected president in 1892, Grover Cleaveland
    a. followed polcies that were similar to that of his first term
    b. became interested in social and economic reform
    c. faced a republican-controlled Senate and Congress
    d. changed his position on tariffs
    A
  15. Which of the following statements about Populism is not accurate?
    a. It rejected the laissez-faire attitudes of the time
    b.it called for the return of a preindustrial American society
    c. It represented a challenge to the national patterns of economic development
    d. it was both an intellectual and bigoted movement
    B

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