A&P terms 1
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- Movement of small organic molecules,
- electrolytes, vitamins, and water across the digestive tract and into the
- circulatory system. Also, the movement
- of a drug from the site of input into the circulation.
- produced in the stomach; breaks down the food material within the stomach into
- from metabolism of nutrients in the cell; serves as energy sources throughout
- the body
Adipose, or fat, connective tissue
- Tissue that stores lipids; acts as an
- insulator and protector of the organs of the body.
- fibers that send impulses from the periphery to the CNS.
- Functional units of the respiratory
- system; area in the lungs where the majority of gas exchange takes place;
- singular form is alveolus.
- in pancreatic juice.
- between the rectum and the anus.
- The relation of internal body
- structures of the surface of the body; imaginary straight line division of the
- The position of a person standing
- erect with his or her feet and palms facing the examiner.
- of the body’s structure and organization.
- front, or ventral, surface.
- end of the anal canal.
- from the left ventricle of the heart to the body.
- Semilunar valve on the left of the
- heart; separates the left ventricle from the aorta.
- glands that open into the hair follicles, including in and around the
- genitalia, axillae, and anus; secret an organic substance (which is odorless
- until acted upon by surface bacteria) into the hair follicles
- of all the bones not within the axial skeleton: upper and lower extremities,
- the girdles, and their attachments.
- structure of the cecum.
- Fluid that fills the anterior chamber
- of the eye; maintains intraocular pressure.
- layer of the meninges
Areolar connective tissue
- loose tissue found in most organs of the body; consists of weblike collagen,
- reticulum, and elastin fibers.
- muscle that surrounds each follicle; responsible for “goose bumps,” which pull
- the hair upward.
- Small arterial vessels that supply
- oxygenated blood to the capillaries.
- part of
- the large intestine
- receiving chambers of the heart; singular form is atrium
- 20% to 30% of blood forced into the right ventricle during atrial contraction
Atrioventricular node (AV node)
- group of cells that conduct an electrical impulse through the heart; located in
- the floor of the right atrium immediately behind the tricuspid valve and near
- the opening of the coronary sinus
- small bones (malleus, incus, and stapes) that articulate with each other to
- transmit sound waves to the cochlea
- called the pinna; outer ear
Autonomic nervous system
- unconscious control of smooth muscle organ and glands
- up of the skull, hyoid bone, vertebral column, and thoracic cage
- atrioventricular valve in the heart; also called the mitral valve
- in the liver; composed of electrolytes and iron recovered from red blood cells
- when they die
- connective tissue; allows transport of nutrients, oxygen, and waste products
- connective tissue; consists of living cells and a matrix made of minerals
- in the renal corpuscle
- of the brain that connects it to the spinal cord; responsible for many of the
- autonomic functions the body requires to survive (also called vegetative
- of small glands that manufacture a mucous-type secretion that unites with the
- prostate fluid and spermatozoa to form sperm
Bundle of his
- located in the upper portion of the interventricular septum; connects the AV
- node with the right and left bundle branches
- have the capability of holding large amounts of volume
- vessels that connect arterioles to venules; deliver blood to each cell in the
- muscle that controls the movement of material into the stomach
- in the bronchial tree that separates into the right and left mainstem bronchi
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