A&P terms 1
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A&P terms 1
Anatomy and physiology terms part 1
Movement of small organic molecules,
electrolytes, vitamins, and water across the digestive tract and into the
Also, the movement
of a drug from the site of input into the circulation.
produced in the stomach; breaks down the food material within the stomach into
from metabolism of nutrients in the cell; serves as energy sources throughout
Adipose, or fat, connective tissue
Tissue that stores lipids; acts as an
insulator and protector of the organs of the body.
fibers that send impulses from the periphery to the CNS.
Functional units of the respiratory
system; area in the lungs where the majority of gas exchange takes place;
singular form is alveolus.
in pancreatic juice.
between the rectum and the anus.
The relation of internal body
structures of the surface of the body; imaginary straight line division of the
The position of a person standing
erect with his or her feet and palms facing the examiner.
of the body’s structure and organization.
front, or ventral, surface.
end of the anal canal.
from the left ventricle of the heart to the body.
Semilunar valve on the left of the
heart; separates the left ventricle from the aorta.
Tip of the heart.
glands that open into the hair follicles, including in and around the
genitalia, axillae, and anus; secret an organic substance (which is odorless
until acted upon by surface bacteria) into the hair follicles
of all the bones not within the axial skeleton
: upper and lower extremities,
the girdles, and their attachments.
structure of the cecum.
Fluid that fills the anterior chamber
of the eye; maintains intraocular pressure.
layer of the meninges
Areolar connective tissue
loose tissue found in most organs of the body; consists of weblike collagen,
reticulum, and elastin fibers.
muscle that surrounds each follicle; responsible for “goose bumps,” which pull
the hair upward.
Small arterial vessels that supply
oxygenated blood to the capillaries.
the large intestine
receiving chambers of the heart; singular form is atrium
20% to 30% of blood forced into the right ventricle during atrial contraction
Atrioventricular node (AV node)
group of cells that conduct an electrical impulse through the heart; located in
the floor of the right atrium immediately behind the tricuspid valve and near
the opening of the coronary sinus
small bones (malleus, incus, and stapes) that articulate with each other to
transmit sound waves to the cochlea
called the pinna; outer ear
Autonomic nervous system
unconscious control of smooth muscle organ and glands
up of the skull, hyoid bone, vertebral column, and thoracic cage
of the heart
atrioventricular valve in the heart; also called the mitral valve
in the liver; composed of electrolytes and iron recovered from red blood cells
when they die
connective tissue; allows transport of nutrients, oxygen, and waste products
connective tissue; consists of living cells and a matrix made of minerals
in the renal corpuscle
of the brain that connects it to the spinal cord; responsible for many of the
autonomic functions the body requires to survive (also called vegetative
of the passages
of small glands that manufacture a mucous-type secretion that unites with the
prostate fluid and spermatozoa to form sperm
Bundle of his
located in the upper portion of the interventricular septum; connects the AV
node with the right and left bundle branches
have the capability of holding large amounts of volume
vessels that connect arterioles to venules; deliver blood to each cell in the
muscle that controls the movement of material into the stomach
in the bronchial tree that separates into the right and left mainstem bronchi