A&P Chapter 1

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A&P Chapter 1
2012-01-08 14:07:51
Anatomy Physiology orientation

A&P Chapter 1 (Marieb)
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  1. Human Anatomy
    The study of structure of the human body and the relation of its parts. It is largely based on dissection.
  2. Gross Anatomy

    Macroscopic Anatomy
    Examined with the unaided eye.
  3. Microscopic Anatomy
    Examined with a microscope.
  4. Cytology
    The study of cells.
  5. Histology
    The study of tissues.
  6. Developemental Anatomy
    Part of the embryology and gerontology.
  7. Comparative Anatomy
    The study of structure in various animal species.
  8. Surface Anatomy
  9. Applied Anatomy
  10. Radiographic Anatomy
  11. Surgical Anatomy
  12. Human Physiology
    The study of the normal functions of a human body.
  13. Cellular Physiology
  14. Cytology
  15. Developemental Physiology
  16. Comparative Physiology
  17. Pathophysiology
    The study of disease, or the disruption of normal body function.
  18. Levels of Organization
    • Atom - nitrogen, oxygen, sodium, etc.
    • Molecule - NH2-CH2-COOH, amino acid
    • Organelle - proteins filaments
    • Cells - muscle cells
    • Tissue - cardiac muscle
    • Organ - heart
    • System - cardiovascular system
    • Organism - human being
  19. Integumentary System
    Protects from environmental changes, involved in temperature control, vitamin D3 production and sensory information.
  20. Skeletal System
    Supports, protects, blood production, Ca2+, mineral storage.
  21. Muscular System
    Supports, moves and provides heat.
  22. Nervous System
    Coordinates immediate activites of body systems and responses to stimuli.
  23. Endocrine System
    Coordinates long-term activities of body systems using hormones.
  24. Cardiovascular System
    Transports nutrients, wastes, electolytes and gases.
  25. Lymphatic System
    Defends against disease and moves lymph (water and proteins) from periphery back to cardiovascular system.
  26. Respiratory System
    Filters, warms air and provides site for gas exchange between the air and blood.
  27. Digestive System
    Processes and absorbs food, water, minerals and vitamins.
  28. Urinary System
    Eliminates excess water, H+ ions, electrolytes, and waste products.
  29. Reproductive System
    Produces sex cells and hormones.
  30. Homeostasis
    • Homeo = Same
    • Stastis = Level, standing

    • The body's ability to maintain body functions within normal limits. The maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment is usually achieved through negatiive feedback.
    • Ex. Body temp. Blood Pressure, pH, Glucose