EC book notes: Chapter 1
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What are the 3 approaches to determining disabilities?
- Sociological approach
What is the approach that behaviors fall along the line of a spectrum?
the deficit approach
Where do the average or majority fall on the line in a spectrum?
somewhere in the middle
What is the normal curve in a spectrum called?
a bell-shaped curve
what is it called when the characteristics and behaviors represent the majority of students?
what do "typical learners" not exist?
because the possible combination of human characteristics are endless
Why is it not good for students to be compared to the average?
it only propagates the notion that being anything but average is somehow deficient
what perspective deals with the issue that one group may consider something a disability while another group may not?
the cultural perspective
What perspective says that society treats people as if they have a disability and that's what makes them disabled?
What is one issue with the sociological perspective on disabilities?
- it can minimize the disability
- leads to a reduction in services
What is unique about the example of Martha's vineyard?
- over 25% of the population was deaf
- it wasn't perceived as a handicap because it wasn't treated as so
What is an example of disabilities in a movie or literature?
the Hunchback of Notre Dame
What is important to remember when talking about people with disabilities?
use people first language
Why do the term for people with disabilities change over time?
the name with attract a negative connotation
What are 4 things to remember about language used to talk about people with disabilities?
- put people first
- do not make the person equal or be the disability
- disabled is not a noun
- they are neither victims or wheelchair bound
What two groups of disabilities do not apply to the principles of people first language?
How many special education categories are covered in IDEA?
Who was the father of education?
Jean-Marc Gaspard Itard
Who brought Itard's ideas to America with him?
what percent of students with disabilities receive 60% of their education in the general classroom?
What is community based instruction?
funcational and vocational skills important for real life situations
what are the 6 practices used in special education?
- individually determined
What is it called when a general and special education teacher work together to teach a class?
What does UDL stand for and what does it do?
- Universal Design for Learning
- removes barriers in curriculum through technology
What are 3 emerging trends for teaching students with disabilities?
- Universal Design for Learning
- Multitiered Instruction
What teaching adjusts curriculum, services, and instruction to meet the needs of the learner?
What does PBS stand for and what does it do?
- Positive Behavior Supports
- encourages good behavior by 3 levels increasing in intensity
What is the instruction called that provides tiers of increasingly intensive supports to students, grounded in the principles of differentiated instruction?
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