AP World History Sem 1

Card Set Information

AP World History Sem 1
2012-01-08 18:21:30
ancient history world Mcdermmot ap vocab topic

Key topics and voacbulary words to study for the AP World History Test. 1st Semster edition.
Show Answers:

  1. Sui Dynasty(p. 589-618;380-381)
    Dynasty in which China regained its unity.

    Extended canal system by 1200 miles

    Linked North and South China economically and contributed much to the prosperity that followed
  2. Khitan(907-1125) / Jurchen People(115-1234)
    Established states that encompassed parts of North China as well as major areas of the steppes to the North

    Received large gifts from Song China
  3. Silla Dynasty(688-900) Korea
    Korean dyansty in which Koread sought to turn their small state into a mini Tang dynasty
  4. Hangul
    A phonetic alphabet for writing the Korean language. Developed in the 1400's.

    Resisted by male conservative elites, who were long accustomed to using the more prestigious chinese characters(at first)
  5. Chu Nom
    A variation of Chinese writing developed in Vietnam

    Provided the basis for an independent national literature
  6. Trung Sisters
    In 39CE, an uprising was launched by them against Chinese. When the rebellion was crushed, they comitted suicide.

    In literature, monuments and public memory, they remained powerful symbols of Vietnamese resistance to Chinese agression
  7. Shotoku Taishi(572-622)
    The intial leader in Japan who deliberately set out to transform Japan into a centralized bureaucratic state on the Chinese model.

    Issued 17 Article Constitution proclaiming Japanese ruler as a Chinese style emperor and encouraged Budddhism and Confucism
  8. Bushido
    The way of the Warrior in Japan

    • Had a distinctive set of values:
    • Great skill in martial arts
    • Loyalty
    • Bravery
    • Honor
    • Endurance
    • Preference for death over surrender
  9. Chinese Buddhism
    Religion initially entered China through the Silk Road trading networks in the 1st and 2nd centuried CE

    • Generally used in Mahayana from
    • Assimilated into Chinese culture
  10. Emperor Wendi
    A sui emperor that ruled from 581 to 604

    • Had monateries constructed at the base of China's 5 sacred mountains
    • Used Buddhism to justify his military campaigns
  11. Tribute System
    The set of practices that required non-Chinese authorites to acknowledge Chinese superiority and their own subordinate place in a Chinese centered world order.
  12. Hangzhou
    Capital of China in the Song Dynasty

    Home to more than 1,000,000 people
  13. Xiongnu
    An early nomadic confederacy(established around the same time as Han China) that raided North China

    Convinced emperor of China to make an agreement that recognized the nomadic states as a political equal
  14. Roman Catholic Church
    Latin christianity centered on papal rome

    • Derived from growth of Christianity in Roman Empire
    • Had many disagreements with Eastern Orthodox Christianity
    • At 1st Chruch became extreme wealthy
    • Absorbed and adapted local cultural practices into Christian tradition
  15. Holy Roman Empire
    The realm that was ruled by Otto 1 of Saxony

    • Largely limited to Germany
    • Proved to be little more than a collection of quarreling principalities
    • Unsuccesful at reviving anything apporaching Roman imperial authority
  16. Charlemagne
    Ruler of the Carolingian Empire, whatis now France, Belgium, Netherlands and parts of Germany and Italy

    • Erected an imperial bureaucracy
    • December 25, 800 the new Roman emperor was crowned by the Pope
    • Signaled emergence of feudalism
  17. Kievan Rus
    A modest state in what is now Ukraine and western Russia that emerged in the 9th century CE. Development was stimulated by trade along the Dnieper River.

    • Loosely led by the princes
    • Borrowed Heavily from Byzantine:
    • Religion
    • Architercual Styles
    • Cyrillic language
    • Extensive Use of Icons
    • Political ideals of imperial control of church
    • Monastic tradition, stressing prayer and service
  18. Prince Vladmir of Kiev
    A prince of Kiev that introduced Eastern Orthodox Christianity to Kievan Rus

    • Political and commerical considerations played a role in his decision
    • Married sister of Byzantine emperor
    • Religion took deep root among Russian people
  19. Eastern Orthodox Christianity
    A form of Christianity that began in Byzantine

    • Legimated the supreme and absolute rule of the emperor
    • Sharply rejected claims that Roman Pope was the sole and final authority for all Christians
    • Had many disagreements with the Roman Catholic Church
    • Agaisnt Latin Chrsitianity
  20. Justinian(527-565)
    Emperor of Byzantine from 527 to 565

    Attempted to reconquer the Mediterranean basin<---Failed Permanently
  21. System of Competing States
    European politcal sytem where states are all competing

    • Gave rise to frequent wars
    • Enhanced role and status of military men
    • Drove gunpowder revolution
    • Stimulated European technological developments
  22. Caesaropapism
    The doctrine that the state is supreme over the church in ecclesiastical matters
  23. Constantinople
    The capital of the Byzantine Empire

    Was to be a New Rome