apush civil war test

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. why did the U.S decline to annex texas?
    president jackson and van buren knew that annexing texas as a slave state would divide the democraric party and the american public would almost certainly lead to war with mexico
  2. manifest dynasty
    the citizens of the U.S were destined by god to dominate the inferior peoples of the continent
  3. in asking congress to declare war on mexico, polk charged that mexico..
    had invaded american territoryy and shed american blood on american soil
  4. wilmot proviso of 1846
    prohibited slavery in any territory acquired from mexico
  5. the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo
    purchased more than 1/3 of mexicos territory forv$15 million
  6. popular sovereignety as a response to extension of slavery
    it was championed by senators lewis cass and stephen A. douglas to allow voters in western territories to decide for themselves whether or not they wanted tolegalize slavery
  7. the compromise of 1850 did NOT include
    abolition of slavery in oregon territory
  8. unlce toms cabin
    increased opposition to the fugitive slave act and prompted northern legislatures to challenge federal authority
  9. the fundamental principle in which all republicans agreed on was..
    an absolute opposition to the expansion of slavery into any new territories
  10. the know nothings
    originated in anti-immigrant and anti-catholic societies of the 1840s
  11. in the summer of 1856 in kansas,
    john brown and his followers burdered and mutilated 5 proslavery settlers in revenge for attacks on abolitionists, which initiated guerilla warfare
  12. int he dred scott decision, which position was NOT held by by chief justice roger b. taney
    both the missouri compromise and the kansas nebraska act were constitutional
  13. in an 1858 senate campaign speech, lincoln...
    warned that the nation could not endure in its present state as a house divided against itslef., that is half slave and half free
  14. the movement toward secession was most rapid in
    south carolina
  15. president buchanan responded to the secession crisis by..
    declaring secession illegal but claiming that the federal government lacked the authority to force a state to return to the union
  16. the most important confederate war aim
    permanent independence and to be let alone
  17. the first battle of bull run (or manassas)
    union troops panicked during a confederate counterattack and retreated to washington
  18. the battle of antietm resulted in
    the bloodiest single day in american military history
  19. after the battle of antietam, lincoln..
    declared the battle a union victory to rally public support in the north
  20. the union victory at shiloh resulted in
    a switch to tactics of fighting a total war
  21. the draft composed by the confederate army in april 1862..
    exempted one white man for every 20 slaves, allowing men on large plantations to avoid military service
  22. the U.S sanitary comission
    was a voluntary organization in the north, endorsed by president lincoln, to provide medical services, dristribute supplies and medicines, and recruit physicians and nurses
  23. women in the north and south worked in all of the following ooccupations EXCEPT
    winning state and national political office to occupy seats vacated by men fighting at the front
  24. noths advantages over the south at the beginning of the civil war
    facorties in the north accounted for nearly 90% of the nations industrial output
  25. why did lincoln choose to issue his emancipation proclomation in septemeber?
    he had decided against issuing the proclamation as long as the union seemes to be losing the war, but after the battle of antietam, he chose to shift the underlying rationale for the norths war effort to emancipation while he continued to sustain northern support
  26. battle of gettysburg
    union forces turned back the confederate invasion of the north and didminished the souths prospects for eventual victory
  27. th 13th amendment was approved..
    because lincoln and congressional leaders feared that the emancipation proclamation would lose its legal force after the war and allow defeated former confederate states to reestablish slavery
  28. the ten percent plan that lincoln announced
    stipulated that a state could return to the union when 10% of those who voted had taken an oathof loyalty to the union
  29. NOT an element of andrew johnsons plan for restoring southern state governments
    it was based on the assumption that the former confederate states had forfeited all their constitutional rights when they seceded from the union
  30. the freedmens bureau
    was responsible for resettlment and distribution of confiscated land and regulated labor contracts between freedmen and planters
  31. the 14th ammendment required states to guarantee all the following rights EXCEPT
    suffrage to adult freedmen
  32. NOT a provision of the reconstruction act of 1867
    federal funding for schools for southern blacks
  33. impeachment of andrew johnson
    radical republicans failed to impeach johnson, but damaged him so badly politically that for the rest of his presidency, he had to allow reconstruction to proceed under the direction of congress
  34. the 15th ammendment
    forbade states from denying any citizen the right to vote on the grounds of race, color, or previous condition as a slave
  35. womens suffrage movement after the civil war
    many feminists who had been abolitionists were disapointed that the 15th ammendment made no reference to gender and permitted states to continue to deny suffrage to women
  36. carpetbaggers
    former union army officers who decided that the south was a pleasant or promising place to resettle
  37. the sharecropping system in the post-civil war south
    joined laborers and landowners in a common sharing of risks and returns
  38. the first grand wizard of the KKK
    nathan bedford forest
  39. does NOT help to explain the diminishing effectivness of reconstrucion is the south
    the expanded presence of federal troops and officials in 1875 to 1877 brought about an escalation in souther terrorist retaliation
  40. in the election of 1876
    the democratic candidate won the popular vote, but republican officials in three southern states certified republican victories, resulting in two sets of electoral votes being sent by congress
Card Set
apush civil war test
Show Answers