literary term

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  1. allegory
    a symbolic narrative, meaning usually deals with moral truth or a generalization about human existence
  2. alliteration
    reprtition of sounds "she sells sea shells"
  3. allusion
    a direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known such as an event, book, myth, place or work of art
  4. ambiguity
    multiple meanings of a word, phrase, sentence or passage
  5. analogy
    a similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them
  6. antecedent
    In Jane lost a glove and she can't find it, Jane is the antecedent of she and glove is the antecedent of it.
  7. aphorism
    expresses a general turth or moral principal
  8. apostrophe
    directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or personified abstraction such as liberty or love.
  9. atmosphere
    the emotional mood created by entirety of literary work, esatblished partly by the setting and partly by the author's choice of objects that are described
  10. clause
    a grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb
  11. colloquial/ colloquialism
    the use of slang or informalities in speech or writing
  12. conceit
    fanciful expression, unusual comparison
  13. connotation
    the associated or secondary meaning of a word or expression in addition to its explicit or primary meaning: A possible connotation of “home” is “a place of warmth, comfort, and affection.”
  14. denotation
    the strict, literal dictionary definition of a word
  15. diction
    refers to the writier's word choice
  16. didactic
    primary aim of teaching or instructing, especially the teachings of moral or ethical principals
  17. euphemism
    • less offensive sunstitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept
    • E.X. earthly remains rather than corpse
  18. extended mataphor
    a metaphor developed at great length, occuring freguently in or throughout a work
  19. figurative language
    not intended to carry literal meaning, and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid
  20. figure of speech
    used to produce figurative language, many compare dissimilar things
  21. generic conventions
    describes traditions for each genre.
  22. genre
    the major category into which a literary work fits.
  23. homily
    "sermon" serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice
  24. hyperbole
    deliberate exaggeration or over statment
  25. imagery
    the sensory details used to descrive arouse emotion or representr abstractions. uses terms related to the five sences
  26. inference/ infer
    to draw a reasonable conclusion from the information presented
  27. invective
    attack using strong, abusive language
  28. loose sentence
    sentence in which the main idea (independent clause) comes first, followed by dependent grammatical units such a phrases and clauses
  29. metaphor
    implied comparison or seemingly unlike things
  30. metonomy
    the name of one object is substituted for that of another closely associated with it
  31. paradox
    statement that appears to be self contradictory or opposed to common sence but upon closer inspection contains some degree of truth or validity
  32. parallelism
    it was the best of times, it was the worst of times
  33. pedantic
    an adjective that describes words phrases or general tone that is overly scholarly academic or bookish
  34. periodic sentence
    A long and frequently involved sentence, marked by suspended syntax, in which the sense is not completed until the final word
  35. predicate adjective
    an adjective, group of adjectives, or adjective clause that follows a linking verb
  36. predicate nominative
    noun that follows a linking verb
  37. prose
    everything that isn't drama or poetry. written in ordinary language
  38. rhetoric
    the art of writing effectively, eloquently, and persuasively
  39. semantics
    the meaning of words, their historical and psychological development, and relatin to one another
  40. subject complement
    the word or clause that follows a linking verb and complements the subject of the sentence by either renaming it or discribing it
  41. subordinate clause
    cannot stand alone
  42. syllogism
    All A is C; all B is A; therefore all B is C.”
  43. syntax
    the way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences
  44. theme
    central idea or message of a work
  45. tone
    describes the author's attitude toward his or her own material.
  46. transistion
    • word or phrase that links different ideas, effectively signal a shift from one idea to another
    • ex. futher more, consequently, in addition
  47. concrete detail
    a noun that names a material or tangible object or phenomenon
  48. desciptive detail
    look for the writers sensory description
  49. language
    concentrate on how the elements of language combine to form a whole
  50. rhetorical structure
    how a passage is constructed,
  51. euphony
    agreeable sound
  52. synecdoche
    form of metonymy, understanding 1 thing with another, the use of a part for the whole, or a whole for the part
  53. asyndeton
    the omission of conjunctions, as in “He has provided the poor with jobs, with opportunity, with self-respect.”
  54. polysyndeton
    the repitition of conjunctions
  55. chiamus
    • 2 corresponding pairs arrandes in incerted order
    • those gallant men will remain often in my thoughts and in my prayers always
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literary term
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