Disease's, conditions, Syndromes

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shorty2007racing
ID:
126746
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Disease's, conditions, Syndromes
Updated:
2012-01-09 13:23:57
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Disease
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Disease's flash cards
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  1. Cushing's Syndorme
  2. Addison's Disease
    • Bronze Pigmentation of skin
    • Changes in distribution of body hair
    • Gi Disturbances
    • Weakness
    • Hypoglycemia
    • Postural Hypotension
    • Weight Loss
    • Adrenal Crisis:
    • profound fatigue
    • dehydration
    • vascular collapse
    • renal shut down
    • decreased serum Na+
    • increased serum K+
  3. Hyerthyroidism
    • -finger clubbing
    • -diarrhea
    • -menstral changes (amenorrea)
    • -muscle wasting
    • -weight loss
    • -breast enlargement
    • -increased systolic BP
    • -Tachycardia
    • -Enlarged thyroid
    • -Facial flushing
    • -intolerance to heat
    • -fin straight hair
    • -bulging eyes
  4. Hypothyroidism
    • intolerance to cold
    • receding hairline
    • facial and eyelid edema
    • dull blank expressions
    • exteme fatigue
    • thick tongue slow speech
    • anorexia
    • brittle nails and hair
    • menstrual disturbances
    • apathy
    • lethargy
    • dry skin
    • muscle aches and weakness
    • constipation
  5. Tuberculosis (TB)
    • Fatigue
    • malaise
    • anorexia
    • weight loss
    • chronic cough (productive)
    • night sweats
    • hemoptysis
    • low grade temp (late afternoon)
    • Diagnostics:
    • TB skin test
    • Chest X-rays
    • Bacteriologic studies
    • Treatment:
    • TB meds 6 months
    • Bedrest until no symptoms
    • res isolation until neg sputum test
    • frequently out pt basis
  6. Acute Spasmodic Croup
    • Age: 1-3 yrs old
    • Etiology: no agent identified, it may be related to allergens, infection, or emotional stress
    • Onset: sudden onset
    • Course: acute, become increasingly severe, peaks in early AM hrs, resolves by morning
    • Frequency: may recur for several consecutive nights
    • Behavioral Assessment: acute inspiratory stridor in a previously healthy child, barking, metallic
    • Diagnostic criteria: clinical behaviors, exclusion of infectious agent, negative throat culture
  7. Larynotracheobronchitis (LTB)
    • Age: 3 months - 3 years
    • Etiology: parainfluenza, also echovirus, RSV, adenovirus
    • Onset: gradual, over 1-3 days with URI
    • Course: mild, usually self-limiting, may become severe in infants
    • Frequency: May recur
    • Behavioral assessment: barking cough, inspiratory stridor, hoarseness, low grade fever
    • Diagnostice criteria: clinical behaviors, throat culture negative
    • Crowing sounds, retractions, restlessness, may have slight temp, may progress to hypoxic state, occurs at night, Inspiratory stridor
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qbn1Zw5CTbA
  8. Epiglottitis
    • Age: 3-7yrs but older child and adultmay be affected
    • Etiology:Haemophilus influenza, also staphylococcus, streptococcus, pneumococcus
    • Onset: rapid development of toxic state
    • Course: medical emergency neeeding immediate intervention
    • Frequency: usually occurs only once
    • Behavioral Assessment: dysphagia/ drooling acute respiratory distress with orthopnea, high fever, muffled dounds, cherry red epiglottis
    • Diagnostic criteria: clinical behaviors positive throat
    • Airway closed
    • increased pulse
    • restlessness
    • retractions
    • anxiety increased
    • inspiratory stidor
    • drooling
    • Treatment: decrease anxiety, don't examine throat (tongue blade), position for comfort, trachtray available
  9. Cystic Fibrosis (CF)
    • Symptoms: Fatigue, chronic cough, recurrent URI's , thick, sticky mucus, decrease absorption of vitamins and enzymes, abdominal distention, decrease digestive enzymes, rectal prolapse, fatty, stinky stools, salty taste on skin
    • Treatment:
    • Diet: decrease fat increase Na+
    • Pulmonary therapy: chest physical therapy, breathing exercises, inhalation therapy
    • Meds: antibiotics, liposoluble vitamins (A,D,E,K), Aerosol bronchodilators, mucolytics, pancreatic enzymes
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AlOIKzMWqcQ&feature=related

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