Psych 8-A

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makayxocourt
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126771
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Psych 8-A
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2012-01-09 14:16:15
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  1. Abraham Maslow
    (1908-1970) is known as the Father of Humanistic Psychology, a school of thought that focused on the potential of the individual and his need for growth and self-actualization. It is based on the fundamental belief that people are innately good, and that deviating from this natural tendency results in social and psychological problems. Contributed to the hierarchy of needs.
  2. Achievement motive
    a desire for significant accomplishment; for mastery of things, people, or ideas; for rapidly attaining a high standard.
  3. Affiliation motive
    officially attach or connect to an organization.
  4. Anorexia
    An eating disorder in which a person diets and becomes significantly underweight,yet, still feelings fat, continues to starve.
  5. Arousal theory
    The theory stating that we are motivated by our innate desire to maintain an optimal level of arousal.
  6. Bulimia
    An eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually of high-calorie foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting or excessive exercise.
  7. Conscious motivation
    we are able to get into a position where we can solve our problem and at the sane time come up with a better solution
  8. Drive-reduction theory
    the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state that motivates an organism to satisfy the need.
  9. Extrinsic behavior
    a desire to perform a behavior to receive promised rewards or avoid threatened punishment.
  10. Hierarchy of needs
    Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginnning at the base with physiological needs that mush first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active.
  11. Homeostasis
    a tendancy to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level.
  12. Incentive
    a positive or negative environmntal stimulus that motivates behavior.
  13. Instinct
    a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned.
  14. Intrinsic behavior
    a desire to perform a behavior effectively for its own sake.
  15. Inverted U function
    The relationship between changes in arousal and motivation. The basic concept is that, as arousal level increases, performance improves, but only to a point, beyond which increases in arousal lead to a deterioration in performance. Thus some arousal is thought to be necessary for efficient performance, but too much arousal leads to anxiety or stress, which degrades performance.
  16. Locus of control
    the extent to which individuals believe that they can control events that affect them.
  17. Motivation
    a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
  18. Need for achievement
    an individual's desire for significant accomplishment, mastering of skills, control, or high standards.
  19. Overjustification
    getting a reward for doing something that was intrinsically rewarding was now seen as totally different because they were getting rewarded for it.
  20. Primary drive
    is innate and in close contact with physiologic processes
  21. Secondary drive
    evolves during the process of growth and that incites and directs behavior.
  22. Sensation seekers
    tendency to pursue sensory pleasure and excitement. It's the trait of people who go after novelty, complexity, and intense sensations, who love experience for its own sake, and who may take risks in the pursuit of such experience.
  23. set point
    the point at which an individual's "weight thermostat" is supposedly set. When the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight.
  24. Stimulus motive
    Motives to increase the stimulus on an object
  25. Unconscious motivation
    hidden and unknown desires that are the real reasons for things that people do.
  26. Yerkes Dodson Law
    a claimed empirical relationship between arousal and performance, The "law" asserts that performance increases with physiological or mental arousal, but only up to a point. When levels of arousal become too high, performance decreases. The process is often illustrated graphically as a curvilinear, inverted U-shaped curve which increases and then decreases with higher levels of arousal.

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