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2012-01-09 19:05:39

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  1. wilhelm wundt
    • -started 1st psychological lab
    • -points out introspection (self observation)
    • -discucess feelings, emotions, thoughts
    • -earliest father of psychology
  2. sigmund freud
    • -iceberg theory
    • -author of interpreatation of dreams
    • -used theory of psychoanalysis and free assocation
    • -unconscious mind
    • -freudian slip
  3. william james
    • -harvard professor
    • -focuses on stream of consciousness
    • -studies habits
  4. edward thornlike
    • -studies animal intelligence n behavior
    • -uses reinforcement
  5. john watson
    • -studies kids
    • -predict n control behavior
  6. ivan pavlov
    -links smell n sight to food with a tone
  7. carl rogers
    -empasizes client centered therapy
  8. BF skinner
    -like thornlike, uses reinforcement
  9. alfred binet
    -IQ testing
  10. herman ebbinhaus
    -studies memory
  11. max werthimer
    • -wants to fix a person as a whole
    • -starts gestalt psychology
  12. mary calkins
    • -female pioneer of psychology
    • -professor at harvard
    • -starts American psychology association
  13. jean piaget
    -studies how chidlren think and learn
  14. functionalism -
    consciousness through everday life
  15. structuralism -
    focus on structure of mind
  16. focuses on ppl having freedom to choose
  17. focuses on how ppl or animals adapt, learn
  18. scientific study of behavior and mental processes
  19. studies the specialty of medicine
  20. how we store, process and retrieve info
  21. 4 goals of psycology-
    • 1. what is happening
    • 2. explanation - why
    • 3. prediction
    • 4. control
  22. 4 steps of scientific method
    • -ask a question
    • -hypothesis
    • -test it
    • -draw conclusions
  23. 3 ways to observe ppl:
    • -records
    • -behavior
    • -self reports
  24. consciousness refers to
    a variety of aspects of relationship btw the mind and the world which it interacts
  25. 4 types of consciousness;
    • -directed: fully focused on 1 thing
    • -flowing: jumping from 1 thought to another
    • -daydreams: making up things that you like to happen
    • -divided: being in palces at once mentally
  26. when a person stops breathing during their sleep
    sleep apnea
  27. altered state of consciousness
    state in which theres a shift in the quality of pattern of mental activty as compared to waking consciousness
  28. 2 kinds of insomnia
    • -early awakening (waking up ealy and cant go back to sleep)
    • -sleep on set -not sleep at all
  29. narcolepsy
    person switching from fully awake to sleeping
  30. 24 hr sleep cycle
    circadian rhyhem
  31. jet lag
    pattern of fatigue, sleepign problems when traveling
  32. REM sleep is most prvalent during
  33. stage of sleep that is the deepests?
    stage 4
  34. hypnosis
    state of consciousness designed to be responsible for suggestion
  35. hypnotic suspectibility
    having a better ability to focus attention
  36. posthypnotic suggestions
    instructions given under hynosis.. AFTER
  37. posthypnotic amnesia
    memory loss for events discloseed during hypnosis
  38. age regression
    attepting to recall a childhood memory
  39. REM sleep is known as
    paradoxical sleep
  40. priming -
    responding to stimulus faster than before
  41. mere exposure effect -
    tendency to like older stimulus than new ones
  42. lucid dreaming -
    daytime activies that can have impact on dreaming
  43. cravings for a certain drug
    withdrawal symptoms
  44. what controls the growth and is known as the master gland, size of a pea?
    pituitary gland
  45. the brain and spinal cord makes up the
    central nervous system
  46. lowest part of the brain
  47. what part of the brain controls breathing, heartbeat, rflexes, posture and swells at the top of spinal cord?
  48. this is located above the medulla that controls balance and hearing
  49. cerebellum..
    controls muscle tone, hearing
  50. the thalamus..
    station for messages going to and from brain
  51. hypothalamus..
    small part but important, controls motives n emotions, eating, drinkin
  52. the limbic system includes
    amygdala and hippocampus
  53. amygdala -
    controls emotions
  54. hippocampus -
    watches for danger signals
  55. the corpus callosum -
    connects 2 hemispheres and allows communication btw them
  56. this lobe is located behind frontal lobe at top of skull
    parietal lobe
  57. lobe located in rear of brain - receives input from eyes
    occipital lobe
  58. lobe located behind forehead, organizes n pridicts
    frontal lobe
  59. lobe located on sides of brain, input from ears
    temporal lobe
  60. form of facial paralysis resutlting from dystfunction that results inability to control facial muscles on affected side
    bell's palsy
  61. alzheimor's disease:
    neurologica disease discovered by alois alzheimer
  62. 4 types of alzheimers:
    • -progressive; gets worse
    • -degenerative; tangles
    • -familial; passed from family
    • -sporadic; random form of AD
  63. change in behavioral state that results in electrical activity in brain
  64. learning disability that impairs a person's fluency in being able to read, memorize, etc.
  65. maturation
    natural growth/change
  66. study of how genes affect behavior
    behavioral genetics
  67. schemas -
    a specific plan for knowing the world
  68. assimiation -
    the proces of fitting objects n experiences into one's schemas
  69. accomodation -
    adjustment of one's schema
  70. a child's realization that an object exists even when they cant see or touch it
    object permanance
  71. the principle that a given quantity doesnt change when its appearance is changed
  72. a young child's inability to understand another person's perspective
  73. inherited tendancy or responses that are displayed by newborns
  74. an infant's clinging response
    grasping reflex
  75. infant's response in turning toward the source of touching that occurs anywhere around their mouth
    rooting reflex
  76. sensorimontor period -
    birth to 2 yrs old, schemas, assimilation, accomodation and object permanence
  77. preoperational period -
    2-7 yrs old, understand, create, draw, talk, pretend, egocentric, conservation
  78. concrete operational pd -
    7-11 yrs old, less egocentric, use simple logic and mental operations
  79. formal operation pd -
    11 and up, abstract concepts, look at things more logically
  80. info-processing theory is
    examining how we take in infor, remmebering and how we use it.
  81. infantile amnesia is -
    adults cant remmber a time when they were 3 yrs old
  82. lev vygotsky -
    takes look at what ppl learn by investigating their culture
  83. mary ainsworth discovered
    attachment n insecurity of a child
  84. this parenting style is strict, doesnt encourage independence
  85. parenting style that is complete freedom, little discipline
  86. parenting style that reasons w/ kids, set limits
  87. who came up with moral development theory?
    lawrence kohlberg
  88. 4 of kohlberg's stages of moral development:
    • -children are egocentric
    • -have better idea of how to receive awards n void punishment
    • -less concerned w/ the approval of others
    • -become sensitive to what other ppl think
  89. who developed psychosocial development theory?
    erik erikson
  90. who developed model of death n dying
    kubler ross
  91. 5 stages of kubler ross's model of death and dying:
    • -denial
    • -anger
    • -bargaining
    • -depression
    • -acceptance
  92. study of dying and death
  93. study of the effects of aging
  94. a place for terminally ill ppl
  95. a successful midlife transition for men fosters a sense of
  96. biological end of childhood is marked by
  97. major development task of adolenscence is building an
  98. who proposed that culture might play a role in adolescence development
    margaret mead
  99. who developed the social learning theory
    albert bandura