ANATOMY MIDTERM

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tinnaa012
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126844
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ANATOMY MIDTERM
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2012-01-09 20:20:44
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  1. 6 levels of organization
    • -chemical molecular
    • -cellular
    • -cell
    • -tissue
    • -organs
    • -organ system
  2. 11 organ systems;
    • -nervous
    • -skeletal
    • -muscular
    • -integumentary
    • -reproductive
    • -endocrine
    • -cardiovascular
    • -digestive
    • -lymphatic
    • -urinary
  3. the study of structure and shape of the body
    anatomy
  4. study of functions of how things move
    physiology
  5. the exisitence of a stable internal environment
    homeostasis
  6. 3 parts that all control mechanisms in homeostasis must have?
    • -receptor (sensor)
    • -control center; analyzes
    • -effector; carries out action
  7. study of cells
    cytology
  8. study of tissues
    histology
  9. symtematic macroscopic anatomy studies the
    organ systems
  10. structure being close to the head;
    cranial, superior, rostral
  11. in front of body
    anterior
  12. your back -
    posterior
  13. structure close to the middle
    medial
  14. structure n opposite of medial
    lateral
  15. strucutre being close to median plane (arms and legs)-UP
    proximal
  16. further away (arms, legs) -DOWN
    distral
  17. inferior
    close to the feet
  18. what is an inorganic molecule
    molecule that doesnt contain hydrogen or carbon
  19. 3 examples of inorganic molecule
    • -water
    • -carbon dioxide
    • -oxygen
  20. an organic molecule contains;
    hydorgen and carbon as main structural components
  21. 4 examples of organic molecule;
    • -carbs
    • -lipids
    • -nucleic acid
    • -proteins
  22. what is an acid;
    molecule that is a proton donor
  23. base is -
    accepts a hydrogen
  24. 4 main types of tissues found in body;
    • -nervous
    • -connective
    • -muscle
    • -epithelial
  25. where is epithilial tissue found?
    in glands and stomach lining
  26. what does epithelial tissue do for the body?
    protects and guards
  27. what does the 2 part of epithelial tissue naming system signify?
    number of layers and shape
  28. building a molecule by removing water
    dehydration
  29. breaking a molecule by using water
    hydrolysis
  30. any substance that contains hydrogen ions is a
    acid
  31. cells that store excess lipids in the form of triglycerides
    adipose
  32. Ph of the body is ___
    7.35-7.45
  33. an increase of hydrogen ions in body is called
    acidosis
  34. ions in the body that help conduct an electrical charge are the
    electrolytes
  35. primary fuel for body
    glucose
  36. maintaining a stable internal environment is
    homeostasis
  37. most abundant polysaccharide on earth
    cellulose
  38. fatty acid that has all carbon carbon single bond is a
    saturated fat
  39. type of tissue that transports messages
    nervous
  40. bone tissue falls into a catergory of
    connective tissue
  41. contains DNA and proteins, aka the control center of cell
    nucleus
  42. surrounds the cell, protects and keeps it in
    plasma membrane
  43. all organelles sit on top of this liquid like organielle
    cytoplasm
  44. helps the cell move in a whip like motion
    flagella
  45. organized into stacks
    golgi complex
  46. responsible for cell digestion
    ribosomes
  47. produces ATP
    mithochondria
  48. building blocks of carbohydrates
    monosaccharides

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