psych semester 1 final

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kennyleaf
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126866
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psych semester 1 final
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2012-01-11 10:29:25
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brain functions
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help study for the first final
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  1. mind is seperate from the body and knowledge is innate
    socrates and plato
  2. knowledge is grown from experiences and observations
    aristotle
  3. mind and body completely seperate knowledge is innate
    descartes
  4. tabula rasa, experiences write on
    john locke
  5. structuralism,introspection, first psych lab
    william lundt
  6. how our mind and behavior processes function, enable us to edapt, and survive, and flourish
    william james and funstionalism
  7. view that psych should be objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental process, conditioning methods
    watson and skinners behaviorism
  8. unconcious, and iceberg theory
    sigmund freud, the idea of what we know and dont know (iceberg theory)
  9. branches of psychology
    behaviorism, structuralism, functionalism, humanism, evolutionary, biological
  10. hindsight bias
    tendecy to belive after learning the outcome, should have forseen it
  11. sending enables muscle action, learning and memory
    acetylcholine
  12. inflences movement, learning, attention, and emotion
    dopamine
  13. affects mood hunger sleep and arousal
    serotonin
  14. body own pain killers
    endorphins
  15. central and peripheral system
    nervous system
  16. connects the central nervous system with the rest of the body by the nerves. 2 parts
    peripheral nervous system. (somatic and automatic)
  17. controls voluntary movement of skeletal muscles
    somatic nervous system
  18. automatic nervous system (2 parts)
    regulates glands and involuntary activities. para sympathetic and sympathetic
  19. spends energy and prepares the body for action
    sympathetic
  20. parasympathetic
    calms body and replenishes energy
  21. pineal gland (sad)
    releases melatonin. regulates activity. seasonal affective disorder.
  22. directs maintenance activities such as eating/drinking, sex drive and body temp. governs the endocrine via pituitary glans/\. linked to emotion and reward
    hypothamlmus
  23. behind forhead involved in speaking and muscle movement and making plans
    frontal lobe
  24. parietal lobe
    top of brain, deals with sensory input and touch
  25. guy that had rod shot through frontal lobe. personality changed. showed that brain
    phineas gage
  26. associations area
    area of the cerebral cortex, higher mental thinking. remembering speaking, learning
  27. language expression, muscle movement in speech
    brocas area
  28. language reception , language comprehension and expression
    wernickes area
  29. medulla
    hearet beat, breathing, blood flow
  30. reticular formation
    arousal and impulses
  31. thalamus
    sesory switch board. all senses but smelling go there.
  32. amygdala
    fear, road rage, anger
  33. process where sensory receptors and nervous system recieve and represent info from enviroment
    sensation
  34. psychology
    scientific study of behavior
  35. lesions
    injury or disease in the brain tissue
  36. very limited incoming info, blocking out most and often shifting the spotlight. of attention from one to the other
    selective attention or aka the cocktail party phenomenon
  37. stage 4
    deepest sleep, large delta waves
  38. stage 2 sleep
    spindles
  39. EEG
    detects brain waves, helps see different stages of sleep/dreams
  40. converts cells to nerve signals, sends them to brain
    retina
  41. theory that spinal cordhas a neurological gate that blocks pain signal to brain. gate opens by the activity of pain signals that travel up small nerve fibers
    gate control theory
  42. hammer,anvil, stirrup, cochlea
    parts of hearing and the simicricular canals
  43. process of of organizing and interpreting sensory information enabling us to recognize meaningful objects and events
    perception
  44. percieiving objects as unchanging (shapes are and stay the same)
    perceptual constancy
  45. distribution
    patterns of responces. bell curve
  46. making a whole out of something thats not complete
    gestalt theory
  47. one personb suggests that certain perceptions, feelings,, thoughts
    hypnosis
  48. learning
    The acquisition of knowledge or skills through experience, practice, or study, or by being taught.
  49. the act or processof responding to a stimulus similar to but distinct fromthe conditioned stimulus.
    generalization
  50. reinfocement schedule: are those where a response is reinforced only after a specified number of responses.
    fixed ratio
  51. reinfocement schedule: occur when a response is reinforced after an unpredictable number of responses. (gambling)
    variable ratio
  52. reinforcement schedule: are those where the first response is rewarded only after a specified amount of time has elapsed.
    fixed interval
  53. reinforcement schedule: occur when a response is rewarded after an unpredictable amount of time has passed
    variable interval
  54. distinguish 2 similar, but different stimuli
    discrimination
  55. latent learning
    learning that occurs but is not used until there is a reason to demonstrate it
  56. recalling itemes or remembering them
    recency effect
  57. "trial and error" to learn on your own
    heuristic
  58. is a cognitive bias that limits a person to using an object only in the way it is traditionally used. In gestalt psychology.
    funtional fixedness
  59. "synthetic thinking" is the ability to draw on ideas from across disciplines and fields of inquiry to reach a deeper understanding of the world and one's place in it
    divergent thinking
  60. oriented towards deriving the single best (or correct) answer to a clearly defined question. It emphasizes speed, accuracy, logic, and the like, and focuses on accumulating information, recognizing the familiar, reapplying set techniques
    convergent thinking
  61. We live our lives believing that all things occur randomly and appear randomly. (coin flip)
    representative heuristic
  62. Our memory plays a major role in decision making
    availabilty heuristic
  63. smallest units of meaning in a language
    morphemes
  64. smallest units in the sound of a language
    phomenes
  65. grammatical structure
    syntax
  66. semantics
    meaning of the word
  67. overgeneralization
    applying a grammatical rule when it shouldn't be used
  68. noam chomsky
    creator of the theory of generative grammar
  69. the commonly held belief that the cognitive prosesses of all human beings possess a common logical structure which operates prior to and independently of comunication through language is erroneous. people see different world views
    whorfian hypothesis

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