Chapter 2

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dphill20
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126993
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Chapter 2
Updated:
2012-01-25 13:33:37
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Suffixes Combining forms Word parts
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Medical Terminology
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  1. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    -er, -ist
    one who
  2. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    -iatrician
    practitioner
  3. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    -logist
    one who studies; specialist
  4. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    -ac, -al, -ic
    pertaining to
  5. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    -logic, -logical
    pertaining to the study of
  6. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    -iatrics, -iatry
    medical profession or treament
  7. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    -logy
    study or science of
  8. Combining Forms for Selected Medical Specialties

    cardi/o means:
    heart
  9. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    cardi/o

    Medical Specialty:
    cardiology
  10. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    cardi/o

    Medical Specialist:
    cardiologist
  11. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    crin/o means:
    to secrete
  12. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    crin/o

    Medical Specialty:
    endocrinolgy
  13. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    crin/o

    Medical Specialist
    endocrinologist
  14. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    dermat/o means:
    skin
  15. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    dermat/o

    Medical Specialty:
    dermatology
  16. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    dermat/o

    Medical Specialist:
    dermatologist
  17. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    esthesi/o means:
    feeling or sensation
  18. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    esthesi/o

    Medical Specialty:
    anesthesiology
  19. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    esthesi/o

    Medical Specialist:
    anesthesiologist
  20. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    gastr/o, enter/o means:
    stomach, intestines*

    *enter/o sometimes refers specifically to the small intestine.
  21. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    gastr/o, enter/o

    Medical Specialty:
    gastroenterology
  22. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    gastr/o, enter/o

    Medical Specialist:
    gastroenterologist
  23. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ger/a, ger/o, geront/o means:
    elderly
  24. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ger/a, ger/o, geront/o

    Medical Specialty:
    geriatrics
  25. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ger/a, ger/o, geront/o

    Medical Specialist:
    geriatrician
  26. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    gynec/o means:
    female
  27. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    gynec/o

    Medical Specialty:
    gynecology
  28. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    gynec/o

    Medical Specialist:
    gynecologist
  29. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    immun/o means:
    immune
  30. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    immun/o

    Medical Specialty:
    immunology
  31. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    immun/o

    Medical Specialist:
    immunologist
  32. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ne/o, nato/o means:
    new, birth
  33. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ne/o, nat/o

    Medical Specialty:
    neonatology
  34. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ne/o, nat/o

    Medical Specialist:
    neonatologist
  35. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    neur/o means:
    nerve
  36. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    neur/o

    Medical Specialty:
    neurology
  37. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    neur/o

    Medical Specialist:
    neurologist
  38. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    obstetr/o means:
    midwife
  39. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    obstetr/o

    Medical Specialty:
    obstetrics
  40. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    obstetr/o

    Medical Specialist:
    obstetrician
  41. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    onc/o means:
    tumor
  42. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    onc/o

    Medical Specialty:
    oncology
  43. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    onc/o

    Medical Specialist:
    oncologist
  44. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ophthalm/o means:
    eye
  45. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ophthalm/o

    Medical Specialty:
    ophthalmology
  46. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ophthalm/o

    Medical Specialist:
    ophthalmologist
  47. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    orth/o, ped/o means:
    • orth/o, straight
    • ped/o, child

    *ped/o sometimes means foot
  48. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    orth/o, ped/o

    Medical Specialty:
    orthopedics
  49. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    orth/o, ped/o

    Medical Specialist:
    orthopedist, orthopedic surgeon
  50. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ot/o, laryng/o means:
    ear, larynx
  51. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ot/o, laryng/o

    Medical Specialty:
    otolaryngology
  52. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ot/o, laryng/o

    Medical Specialist:
    otolaryngologist
  53. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    path/o means:
    disease
  54. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    path/o

    Medical Specialty:
    pathology
  55. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    path/o

    Medical Specialist:
    pathologist
  56. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ped/o means:
    child

    *ped/o sometimes means foot.
  57. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ped/o

    Medical Specialty:
    pediatrics
  58. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ped/o

    Medical Specialist:
    pediatrician
  59. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    psych/o means:
    mind
  60. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    psych/o

    Medical Specialty:
    psychiatry
  61. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    psych/o

    Medical Specialist:
    psychiatrist
  62. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    radi/o means:
    radiation (or radius)
  63. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    radi/o

    Medical Specialty:
    radiology
  64. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    radi/o

    Medical Specialist:
    radiologist
  65. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    rheumat/o means:
    rheumatism
  66. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    rheumat/o

    Medical Specialty:
    rheumatology
  67. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    rheumat/o

    Medical Specialist:
    rheumatologist
  68. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    rhin/o means:
    nose
  69. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    rhin/o

    Medical Specialty:
    rhinology
  70. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    rhin/o

    Medical Specialist:
    rhinologist
  71. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ur/o means:
    urinary tract (or urine)
  72. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ur/o

    Medical Specialty:
    urology
  73. Suffixes: Medical Specialists and Their Specialties

    ur/o

    Medical Specialist:
    urologist
  74. Suffixes: Surgical Procedures

    -centesis
    surgical puncture to aspirate or remove fluid

    *Amniocentesis is puncture of the amnion for removing fluid for study or adminstering treatment to the fetus.
  75. Suffixes: Surgical Procedures

    -ectomy
    excision (surgical removal or cutting out)

    *Appendectomy is excision of the appendix.
  76. Suffixes: Surgical Procedures

    -lysis
    process of loosening, freeing, or destroying

    This suffix is also used in nonsurgical words to mean destruction or dissolving, as in hemolysis.
  77. Suffixes: Surgical Procedures

    -pexy
    surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position)

    Mastopexy is plastic surgery that fastens breasts in a fixed position to correct sagging.
  78. Suffixes: Surgical Procedures

    -plasty
    surgical repair

    *Plastic is derived from the same word root as _plasty. Plastic surgery repairs, restores, and reconstructs body structures. Mammoplasty is plastic surgery of the breast and is done for a variety of reasons.
  79. Suffixes: Surgical Procedures

    -rrhaphy
    suture (uniting a wound by stitches)

    This suffix is not generally used in everyday language, but angiorrhaphy means suture of a blood vessel.
  80. Suffixes: Surgical Procedures

    -scopy
    visual examination with lighted instrument (not always a surgical procedure)

    *Microscopy is visual examination of very small objects with a magnifying instrument (microscope). The suffix -scope means the instrument. Micro- means small.
  81. Suffixes: Surgical Procedures

    -stomy
    formation of an opening

    *A tracheostomy is a surgical procedure that forms a new opening into the trachea (windpipe).
  82. Suffixes: Surgical Procedures

    -tome
    an instrument used for cutting

    *A microtome is an instrument used for cutting thin sections of tissue for microscopic study.
  83. Suffixes: Surgical Procedures

    -tomy
    incision (cutting into tissue)

    *A tracheotomy is an incision of the trachea through the skin and muscles in the neck that overlie the trachea (windpipe).
  84. Suffixes: Surgical Procedures

    -tripsy
    surgical crushing

    *Lithotripsy is a surgical crushing of a calculus (stone).
  85. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    aden/o means:
    gland

    *Adenoids were so named because they resembled or were thought to be glands.
  86. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    angi/o means:
    vessel

    *An angiogram is an x-ray film of blood vessels filled with a contrast medium.
  87. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    append/o, appendic/o means:
    appendix

    *An appendectomy is excision of the appendix.
  88. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    bi/o means:
    life or living

    *Biology is the science of life and living things.
  89. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    blephar/o means:
    eyelid

    *Blepharoptosis is the drooping of the upper eyelid.
  90. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    cerebr/o *, encephal/o means:
    brain

    *Cerebral palsy is paralysis caused by a brain defect. Encephalistis is the inflammation of the brain.

    *Cerebr/o sometimes means cerebrum, the main portion of the brain.
  91. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    chir/o means:
    hand

    *Writer's cramp is a type of chirospasm.
  92. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    col/o means:
    colon or large intestine

    *Coloscopy is visual examination of the colon, but the term colonoscopy is more commonly used.
  93. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    cutane/o, derm/a, dermat/o means:
    skin

    *Cutaneous means pertaining to the skin. a dermatologist is a specialist who treats diseases of the skin. Dermabrasion removes small scars, tattoos, or fine wrinkles from the skin.
  94. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    faci/o means:
    face

    *Facial pertains to the face.
  95. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    hepat/o means:
    liver

    *Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver.
  96. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    mamm/o, mast/o means:
    breast

    *Mammography is the use of x-rays to diagnose breast disease. mastectomy is surgical removal of the breast.
  97. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    muscul/o, my/o means:
    muscle

    *A person with well-developed muscles is muscular.

    *Myalgia is muscle pain.
  98. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    myel/o means:
    bone marrow or spinal cord

    *Myelopathy has two meanings; any disease of the spinal cord or any disease of the bone marrow.
  99. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    oste/o means:
    bone

    *Osteoarthritis is a common type of arthritis of older persons, in which one or more joints undergo degenerative changes, but names to include both bones and joints.
  100. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    pulm/o, pulmon/o, pneum/o, pneumon/o means:
    lungs

    • *Pulmonary means pertaining to the lungs.
    • Pneumonia is a lung condition.
    • Pneumatic means pertaining to air or gas.
  101. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    tonsill/o means:
    tonsil

    *Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils.
  102. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    trache/o means:
    trachea (windpipe)

    *A tracheostomy is an operation that forms a new opening into the trachea.
  103. Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures

    vas/o means:
    vessel; ductus deferens (also called vas deferens, excretory duct of the testicle).

    *Vasectomy is the removal of all or a segment fo the vas deferens and is a form of male contraception.
  104. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -algia, -dynia
    pain
  105. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -cele
    hernia (protrusion of all or part of an organ through wall of cavity that contains it).
  106. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -ectasia, -ectasis
    dilation (dilation, enlargement or stretching of a structure or part).
  107. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -edema
    swelling
  108. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -emesis
    vomiting
  109. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -emia
    condition of the blood
  110. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -is, -iasis
    condition
  111. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -itis
    inflammation
  112. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -lith
    stone or calculus
  113. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -malacia
    soft, softening
  114. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -mania
    excessive preoccupation
  115. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -megaly
    enlargement
  116. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -oid (forms adjectives and nouns)
    resembling
  117. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -oma
    tumor
  118. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -osis
    condition (often an abnormal condition; sometimes an increase)
  119. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -pathy
    disease
  120. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -penia
    deficiency
  121. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -phobia
    abnormal fear
  122. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -ptosis
    prolapse (sagging)
  123. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -rrhage, -rrhagia
    excessive bleeding or hemorrhage
  124. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -rrhea
    flow or discharge
  125. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -rrhexis
    rupture
  126. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -spasm
    twitching, cramp
  127. Suffixes: Symptoms or Diagnosis

    -stasis
    stopping, controlling
  128. Miscellaneous Suffixes

    -able, -ible
    capable of, able to

    *(adjective) Preventable means "capable of bieng prevented." Illegible describes writing that is not capable of being read.
  129. Miscellaneous Suffixes

    -ac, -al, -an, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic, -ive, -tic
    pertaining to

    *(adjective) Cardia, thermal, median, alveolar, salivery, peritoneal, lymphatic, invasive, and nephrotic mean pertaining to the heart, heat, middle, alveoli, saliva, peritoneum, lymphatic system, invasion, and kidney, respectively.
  130. Miscellaneous Suffixes

    -ase
    enzyme

    *(noun) Lactase is an enzyme that breaks down lactose.
  131. Miscellaneous Suffixes

    -eum, -ium
    membrane

    *(noun) The peritoneum lines the abdominal cavity. The membrane that lines the heart is endocardium.
  132. Miscellaneous Suffixes

    -ia, -ism
    condition or theory

    *(noun) Synergism is a condition in which two agents, such as medications, produce a greater effect than the total effects of each agent alone.
  133. Miscellaneous Suffixes

    -iac
    one who suffers

    *(noune) A hemophiliac is one who suffers from (is afflicted by) hemophilia.
  134. Miscellaneous Suffixes

    -opia
    vision

    *(noun) Diplopia is double vision.
  135. Miscellaneous Suffixes

    -ose
    sugar

    *(noun) Lactose is a sugar found in milk.
  136. Miscellaneous Suffixes

    -ous
    pertaining to or characterized by

    *(adjective) Cancerous means pertaining to cancer.
  137. Miscellaneous Suffixes

    -y
    state or condition

    *(noun) Atrophy is a condition of wasitng away of a cell, tissue, organ, or part.
  138. Miscellaneous Word Parts

    amyl/o
    starch

    *amylase is an enzyme that breaks down starch.
  139. Miscellaneous Word Parts

    glyc/o
    sugar

    *In hypoglycemia the blood sugar level is too low.
  140. Miscellaneous Word Parts

    hemat/o
    blood

    *Hematemesis is the vomiting of blood.
  141. Miscellaneous Word Parts

    lact/o
    milk

    *Milk is secreted by a woman during lactation.
  142. Miscellaneous Word Parts

    lip/o
    fat

    *Lipids are fats or fatlike substances.
  143. Miscellaneous Word Parts

    lith/o
    stone

    *Lithology is the study of rocks.
  144. Miscellaneous Word Parts

    micro-
    small

    *A microscope is an instrument used to view small (microscopic) objects.
  145. Miscellaneous Word Parts

    muc/o
    mucus

    *Generally, mucous membranes secrete mucus.
  146. Miscellaneous Word Parts

    prote/o, protein/o
    protein

    *Proteinuria is an excess of proteins in urine.
  147. Miscellaneous Word Parts

    pyr/o
    fire

    *Pyromaniacs enjoy setting fires or seeing fires burn.

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