gpv 4th s.s. chap 4

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Anonymous
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127026
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gpv 4th s.s. chap 4
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2012-01-11 07:47:16
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ss test Mid Atlantic Colonies
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about people, economy, etc.
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  1. What is a loosly united group of government working together called?
    CONFEDERATION
  2. What is a TREATY?
    An agreement between groups of people
  3. The is the trading center called wehre SHIPS were loaded and unloaded?
    a PORT
  4. The average time between birth of parents and the birth of their children is called a __________.
    GENERATION
  5. THE ABILITY TO ELECT LEADERS TO SPEAK AND ACT FOR THEM WAS CALLED _______.
    REPRESENTATION
  6. What is INDEPENDENCE?
    Freedom to govern themselves
  7. A large sudden change in government or in people's lives is called _________.
    REVOLUTION
  8. An official statement of independence is called a _____.
    DECLARATION
  9. The Middle Atlantic Colonies became what 4 states?
    • New Jersey
    • New York
    • Deleware
    • Pennsylvania
  10. Who was Henry Hudson?
    • *He was one of the first European explorers
    • *he claimed land for Holland
    • *1609 he sailed a ship Half Moon up the Mid Atlantic Coast
  11. Who arrived to the Middle Atlantic Regions?
    • Dutch
    • Irish
    • Catholics
    • German
    • Scottish
    • Jewish
  12. Who was William Penn?
    in 1682 he founded PENNSYLVANIA
  13. _____ _________ was the capital of the Dutch colony in the Mid Atlantic Region.
    New Amsterdam
  14. List some of the port cities.
    • NYC
    • Dover, Deleware
  15. What were some jobs in the area?
    • carpenters
    • tailors
    • bakers
    • blacksmiths
  16. Who passed laws that made it difficult for colonists to trade and made them pay taxes?
    BRITAIN
  17. The colonists declared INDEPENDENCE from ______.
    BRITAIN
  18. After 8 years of fighting who won, the colonists or Britain?
    COLONISTS
  19. What was the Colonists main complaint about the British?
    They did NOT have REPRESENTATION in GOVERNMENT
  20. Why were the Mid Atlantic colonies called the "Breadbasket"? (think bread here...)
    The fertile soil produced a lot of wheat.
  21. Name two ways to move goods.
    • *by water
    • *by road
  22. Before cars people traveled on ______.
    Horses
  23. Why were the roads difficult to travel on?
    they were dirt paths full of tree stumps and holes
  24. Most people preferrred to travel on wide rivers and other _______ .
    waterways
  25. A river that is deep and wide enough for ships to use is called a ________ river.
    NAVIGABLE
  26. What is a rapid and why did it make travel difficult?
    Rapid: a rocky place in the river with sudden drops in elevation

    This made travel through rapids dangerous.
  27. Why were ships on the GREAT LAKES unable to reach the ATLANTIC OCEAN?
    The APPALACHIANS lay between the GL and the AO.
  28. What is a waterway dug across the land called that links waterways?
    CANAL
  29. What CANAL connected the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean?
    ERIE CANAL
  30. The part of the canal where water levels can be raised and lowered is called a _____.
    LOCK
  31. The Erie Canal was finished in _______.
    It allowed what city to be a leader of trade?
    • 1826
    • NEW YORK CITY
  32. How did the ERIE CANAL affect trade?
    It caused NYC to lead in trade and make it easier.
  33. What two smaller mountain ranges make up the Appalachain Mountains?
    • Allegheny
    • Poconos
  34. What industry became popular in Pennsylvania?
    (think Pittsburg and football:)
    STEEL
  35. A contest among companies to get the most costumers or to sell the most products is called ______.
    COMPETITION
  36. What is the system of highways called that link the Mid Atlantic states today?
    Interstate
  37. What is a TURNPIKE?
    a road that drivers must pay to use.
  38. How do people travel the states today?
    • cars
    • buses
    • trains
    • airplanes
  39. What is a METROPOLITAN AREA?
    large city together with it's suburbs
  40. A person who comes to live in a country is called an _____.
    IMMIGRANT
  41. URBAN GROWTH means growth of _______.
    CITIES
  42. Traveling back and forth to the city each day is called what ___________. (think - Daddy does this)
    COMMUTING
  43. What is the largest Mid Atlantic Colony?
    NYC
  44. More than (8 or 2) million Americans live in NYC.
    8
  45. Most immigrants first stop was ______ __________.
    (near the Statue of Liberty)
    Ellis Island
  46. Immigrants had little money and lived in RUN DOWN APARTMENTS called _______.
    TENEMENTS
  47. What changed in the Mid Atlantic cities with the arrival of immigrants?
    overcrowding of cities
  48. Most people int he Mid Atlantic cities today work in what industry?
    SERVICE
  49. What two industries caused urban growth in the past?
    MANUFACTURING AND SHIPPING
  50. Why do people choose to live in the cities?
    • closer to work
    • enjoy the life there (food, entertainment, cultures)
  51. _______ is a major problem in the cities.
    TRAFFIC
  52. Smoke factories and fumes from cars cause ______ which is also a problem.
    POLLUTION
  53. What was built in NYC to help reduce traffic and pollution? (think under ground)
    SUBWAYS
  54. What term is used for BEING WITHOUT A JOB?
    UNEMPLOYMENT
  55. What does URBAN SPRAWL mean?
    spreading of urban areas and the growth of new centers of business and shopping

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