medterm(connors)

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Author:
tiffmorales
ID:
127043
Filename:
medterm(connors)
Updated:
2012-01-10 19:00:48
Tags:
medical term connors
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Description:
chapter 1
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  1. dermat
    skin
  2. cutane
    skin
  3. nephr
    kidney
  4. ren
    kidney (ex. renal means pertaining to the kidney
  5. stomat
    mouth
  6. or
    mouth (ex. oral means pertaining to the mouth
  7. word root
    the foundation of a medical term and contains ts primary meaning
  8. combining form
    created when a word root is combined with a vowel. The vowel is usually 'o' but sometimes 'i'.
  9. erythr/o
    red
  10. gastr/o
    stomach
  11. hapat/o
    liver
  12. immun/o
    immune, immunity, safe
  13. nephr/o
    kidney
  14. osteo
    bone
  15. suffix
    a word placed on the end that changes the meaning. In medical terminology a suffix usually descibes pathology (disease or abnormality), symptom, surgical or diagnostic procedure, or part of speech.
  16. -itis
    inflammation
  17. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  18. gastritis
    inflammation of the stomach
  19. gasromegaly
    enlargement of the stomach
  20. gastroma
    tumor of the stomach
  21. hapatitis
    inflammation of liver
  22. hapatmegaly
    enlargement of the liver
  23. hepatoma
    tumor of the liver
  24. prefix
    ade to the beginning of a word, however not all terms have a prefix
  25. how do yu define a word?
    • three steps:
    • 1. define the suffix
    • 2. define the fist part or the word (may be the root word or prefix)
    • 3. define the middle parts of the word.
  26. an = without
    esthes = feeling
    -ia = condition
    * anestesia
    anestesia is the conditon of not feeling
  27. hyper = excessive, above normal
    therm = heat
    -ia = condition
    * hyperthemia
    hyperthemia is the condition of excessive heat
  28. intra = in, within
    muscul = muscle
    -ar = pertaining to
    * intramusculr
    intramuscular means pertaining to within the muscle
  29. para = near, beside, beyond
    nas = nose
    -al = pertaining to
    *paranasal
    paranasal means pertaining to near the nose or the area around the nose
  30. poly = many, much
    ur = urine
    ia= condition
    *polyuria
    polyuria is the conition of much urine
  31. there are three rules for building medical words
    what is rule #1?
    • Rule #1
    • A word root links a suffix that begins with a vowel
    • ex. hepat + -itis = hepatitis (inflammation of liver)
  32. Rule #2?
    • Rule #2
    • A combining form (root + o) links a suffix that begins with consonant.
    • ex. hepat/o + cyte = hepatocye (liver cell)
  33. Rule #3
    • Rule #3
    • A combining form links a root to another root to form a compound word.
  34. splen/o
    spleen
  35. hyster/o
    uterus
  36. enter/o
    intestine
  37. neur/o
    nerve
  38. ot/o
    ear
  39. dermat/o
    skin
  40. hydr/o
    water
  41. nephritis
    inflammation of the kidneys
  42. arthrodesis
    fixation of a joint
  43. dermatitis
    inflammation of skin
  44. dentist
    specialist in teeth
  45. gastrectomy
    excision of the stomch
  46. chondritis
    inflammation of the cartilage
  47. gastria
    condition of the stomach
  48. arthr/o
    joint
  49. cholangi/o
    bile vessel
  50. osteoma
    tumor of the bone

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