medterm

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Author:
tiffmorales
ID:
127062
Filename:
medterm
Updated:
2012-01-12 10:54:13
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med term connors
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Description:
chapter 2
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  1. -emesis
    vomiting
  2. -dynia
    pain
  3. -logy
    study of
  4. -centesis
    surgical puncture
  5. mening
    meninges
  6. gastroenteritis - break down this word
    • gastr/o = stomach
    • enter = intestine
    • -itis = inflammation
  7. osteoarthritis- break down the word
    • oste/o = bone
    • arthr = joint
    • -itis = inflammation

    *inlflammation of bone and joint
  8. encephalomeningitis- break down the word
    • encelphal/o = brain
    • mening = meninges
    • -itis = inflammation
  9. -centesis
    surgical puncture
  10. -class
    to break, surgical fracture
  11. -desis
    binding, fixation (of bone or joint)
  12. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  13. -lysis
    separation, destruction, loosening
  14. -pexy
    fixation (of an organ)
  15. -plasty
    surgical repair
  16. -rrhaphy
    suture
  17. -stomy
    forming an opening (mouth)
  18. arthrocentesis
    puncture of a joing space with a nedle nd withdrawal of fluid
  19. osteoclasis
    surgical fracture of bone to correct a deformity
  20. arthodesis
    binding together of a joint
  21. appendectomy
    excision or removal of appendix
  22. thrombolysis
    destruction of blood clot
  23. mastopexy
    fixation of the breast
  24. rhinoplasy
    surgical repair of nose
  25. traceostomy
    forming nd opening into the trachea
  26. -tome
    instrument to cut
  27. -tomy
    incision
  28. -tripsy
    crushing
  29. -gram
    • record, writing
    • ex. electrcardiogram is a record of the electrical activity of the heart
  30. -graph
    • instrument for recoding
    • ex. cardiograph: instrument for recording electrical activity of heart
  31. -graphy
    • process of recording
    • ex. angiography: process of recording bloo vessels
  32. -meter
    • instrument for measuring
    • ex. pelvimeter: instrument for measuring the pelvis
  33. -metry
    • act of measurng
    • ex.pelvimetry: act or process of measuring the dimension of the pelvis
  34. -scope
    • intrument for examining
    • ex. endoscope: intrument for examining within
  35. -scopy
    • visual examination
    • ex. endoscopy: visual examination within
  36. -algia
    • pain
    • ex. neuralgia: pain of a nerve
  37. -dynia
    • pain
    • ex. otodynia: pain in the ear; earache
  38. -cele
    • hernia; swelling
    • ex. hepatocele: hernia of the liver
  39. -ectasis
    • dilation; expansion
    • ex. bronchiectasis: dilation or expansion of one or more bronchi
  40. -edema
    • swelling
    • ex. lymphedema: swelling and accumulation of tissue fluid
  41. -emesis
    • vomiting
    • ex. hyperemesis: excessive vomiting
  42. -emia
    • blood condition
    • ex. anemia: blood condition caused by a decrease in red blood cells
  43. -gen
    • forming, producing, origin
    • ex. carcinogen: forming, producing, or origin of cancer
  44. -genesis
    • forming, producing, origin
    • ex. carcinogenesis: forming or producing cancer
  45. -iasis
    • abnormal condition (produced by something specific)
    • ex. cholelithiasis: abnormal condition of gallsones
    • chol/e: bile
    • lith: stone or calculus
  46. -itis
    • inflammation
    • ex. gastritis: inflammation of sstomach
  47. -lith
    • stone, calculus
    • ex. cholelith: gallstone
  48. -malacia
    • softening
    • ex. chondromalacia: softening of the articular cartilage, usually involving the patella.
  49. -megaly
    • enlargement
    • ex. cardiomegaly: enlargement of heart
  50. -oma
    • tumor
    • ex. neuroma: tumor composed of nerve tissue
  51. -osis
    • abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
    • ex. cyanois: dark blue or purple discoloration of skin
  52. -pathy
    • disease
    • ex. myopathy: disease of the muscle
  53. -penia
    • decrease, deficiency
    • ex. erythropenia: decrease in red blood cells
  54. -phagia
    • eating, swallowing
    • ex. dysphagia: inability or difficulty in swallowing
  55. -phasia
    • speech
    • ex. aphasia: absence or impairment of speech
  56. -phobia
    • fear
    • ex. hemophobia: fear of blood
  57. -plasia
    • formaton, growth
    • ex. dysplasia: abnormal formation or growth of cells, tissue or organs
  58. -plasm
    • formation, growth
    • ex. neoplasm: new formation or growth of tissue
    • neo-new
  59. -plegia
    • paralysis
    • ex. hemiplegia: paralysis of one side of the body
    • hemi- one half
  60. -ptosis
    • prolapse, downward displacement
    • ex. blepharoptosis: drooping of the upper eyelid
    • belphar/o: eyelid
  61. -rrhage
    • bursting forth
    • ex. hemorrhage: bursting forth of blood
  62. -rrhagia
    • bursting forth
    • ex. menorrhagia: profuse discharge of blod during mentruation
    • men/o: menses, or menstruation
  63. -rrhea
    • discharge, flow
    • ex. diarrhea: abnormally frequent discharge or flow of fluid fecal matter from the bowel
  64. -rrhexis
    • rupture
    • ex. arteriorrhexis: rupture of artery
  65. -sclerosis
    • abnormal condition of hardening
    • ex. arteriosclerosis: abnormal condition of hardening of an artery
  66. -spasm
    • involuntary contraction, twitching
    • ex. blepharospasm: twitching of eyelid
  67. -stenosis
    • narrowing, stricture
    • ex. arteriostenosis: abnormal narrowing of an artery
  68. -toxic
    • poison
    • ex. hepatotoxic: poisonous to the liver
  69. -trophy
    • nourishment, development
    • ex. dystrophy: bad nourishment
  70. -ac
    • pertaining to
    • ex. cardiac: pertaining to the heart
  71. -al
    • pertaining to
    • ex. neural: pertaining to a nerve
  72. -ar
    • pertaining to
    • ex. muscular: pertaining to a muscle
  73. -ary
    • pertaining to
    • ex. pulmonary: pertaining to the lungs
  74. -eal
    • pertaining to
    • ex. esophageal: pertaining to the eophagus
  75. -ic
    • peertaining to
    • ex. thoracic: pertaining to the chest
  76. -ical
    • pertaning to
    • ex. pathological: pertaining to the study of diease
    • path/o:disease
    • log: study
  77. -ile
    • pertaining to
    • ex. penile: pertaining to the penis
  78. -ior
    • pertaining to
    • ex. posterior: pertaining to the back of the body
    • poster: back
  79. -ous
    • composed of or pertaining to
    • ex. cutaneous: pertaining to the skin
  80. -tic
    • pertaining to
    • ex. acoustic: pertainin to hearing
  81. -esis
    • condition
    • ex. diuresis: abnormal secretion of large amounts of urine
    • di-:double
    • ur:urine
  82. -ia
    • condition
    • ex. pneumonia: infection of lungs
  83. -ism
    • condition
    • ex. hyperthyroidism: codition characterized by overactivity of thyroid gland
  84. -iatry
    • medicine, treatment
    • ex. podiatry: specialty concerned with treatment and prevention of conditions of the feet
  85. -ician
    • specialist
    • ex. obstetrician: physician who specializes in the branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth
  86. -ist
    • specialist
    • ex. hematologist: physician who specializes in the treatment of diorders o the blood and blood-forming tissues.
  87. -y
    • condition, process
    • ex. neuropathy: disese condiotion of nerves
  88. -icle
    • small, minute
    • ex. ventricle: small cavity , as of the brain or heart
  89. -ole
    • small, minute
    • ex. arteriole: the smllest of the arteries, minue artery
  90. -ule
    • small, minute
    • ex. venule: small vein

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