Pharmacology

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Author:
jaysgirl
ID:
127090
Filename:
Pharmacology
Updated:
2012-01-10 21:23:28
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  1. Pharmacology
    • the study of drugs and their interactions with living organisms,
    • derived from: the greek work pharmakon (meaning medicine or drug
    • suffix: -ology (means the study of)
  2. Drug
    • Dutch word droog (means dry)
    • refers to the use of dried herbs and plants the first medicines.
    • Latin word for drug is medicina
    • derived from the words medicine and dications
    • a drug or a medicine is
    • non food chemical substance
    • affects the mind or the body
  3. drugs have three medical uses
    • prevent disease
    • diagnose disease
    • treat symptoms, signs, conditons, diseases
    • The study of these uses is known as pharmacotherapy
  4. preventitive use
    • prevent the occurrence of diseases or conditions
    • prophylaxis ( greek origin: to keep guard before)
    • examples
    • prevent mostion sickness prior to traveling
    • prevent preganacy
    • vaccinations
  5. Diagnostic use
    • by themselves
    • in conjuction with procedures/test
    • examples:
    • radiopaque contrast dye
    • cardiac stress test
  6. Therapeutic use
    • used for symptoms, conditons, or diseases to control, improve or cure
    • examples:
    • antibiotic drugs
    • analgesic drugs
    • insulin
  7. During the 1700s and 1800s
    • commonly sold without regulation
    • accompanied by extravagant claims of cures
    • often contained addicting ingredients without its presence being listed
    • opium
    • morphine
    • cocaine

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