RNSG 2308

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RNSG 2308
2012-01-13 00:18:35
RNSG 2308

Maternal/Newborn/Women's Health
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  1. abortion
    loss of pregnancy before the fetus is viable outside the uterus; miscarriage
  2. Abruptio Placenta
    Patial or total premature separation of a normally implanted placenta
  3. After Birth
  4. Apgar
    A scoring system used to evaluate newborns at 1 minute and 5 minutes after birth. Total score is achieved by assessing five signs: heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color. Each of the signs is assigned a score of 0, 1, or 2. The highest possible score is 10
  5. Amenorrhea
    Suppression or absence of menstuation
  6. Amniotic membrane or Sac
  7. Amniotic Fluid
    The liquid surrounding the fetus in utero. It absorbs schocks, permits fetal movement, and prevents heat loss
  8. Antepartum
    Time between conception and the onset of labor; usually used to describe the period during which a woman is pregnant
  9. Areola
    pigmented rign surrounding the nipple of the breast
  10. Asphyxia
  11. Bag of Water (BOW)
    The membrane containing the amniotic fluid and the fetus
  12. Bilirubin
  13. Bimanual
  14. Braxton Hick's Contrations
    Intermittent painless contractions of the uterus that may occur every 10-20 minutes. They occur more frequently toward the end of pregnancy and are sometimes mistaken for true labor signs
  15. Breech
    a birth in which the buttocks and/ or feet are presented instead of the head
  16. Caput Succedaneum
    swelling or edema occurring in or under the fetal scalp during labor
  17. Caudal
  18. Centimeter
  19. Cephalhematoma
    swelling containing blood found on the head of an infant several days after birth; it usually disappears within a few weeks to 2 months
  20. Cephalic presentation
    birth in which the fetal head is presenting against the cervix
  21. Cervix
    The "neck" between the external os and the body of the uterus. The lower endof the cervix extends into the vagina
  22. Cesarean Section
    Birth of fetus accomplished by performing a surical incision through the maternal abdomen and uterus
  23. Chadwick's Sign
    Violet bluish color of the vaginal mucous membrane caused by increased vascularity; visible from about the fourth week of pregnancy
  24. Chloasma (melasma gravidarum)
    brewnish pigmentation over the bridge of the nose and the cheeks during pregnancy and in some women who are taking oral contraceptives. AKA mask of pregnancy
  25. Chorion
    The fetal membrane closest to the intrauterine wall that gives rise to the placenta and continues as the outer membrane surrounding the amnion
  26. Circumcision
    Surgical removal of the prepuce (Foreskin) of the penis
  27. Coitus interruptus
    Method of contraception in which the male withdraws his penis from the vagina before ejaculation
  28. Colostrum
    Secretion from the breast before the onset of true lactation; contains mainly serum and white blood corpuscles. It has a high protein content, provides some immune properties, and cleanses the newborn's intestinal tract of mucus and meconium
  29. Contraception
    The prevention of conception or impregnation
  30. Contraction
    Tightening and shortening of the uterine muscles during labor, causing effacement and dilation of the cervix; contributes to the downward and outward descent of the fetus
  31. Cotyledon
    One of the rounded portions into which the placenta's uterine surface is divided, consisting of a mass of villi, fetal vessels, and an intervillous space
  32. Crowning
    Appearance of the presenting fetal part at the vaginal orifice during labor
  33. Decidua
    Endometrium or mucous membrane lining of the uterus in pregnancy that is shed after childbirth
  34. Delivery
  35. Duncan Mechanism
    Occurs when the maternal surface of the placenta rather than the shiny fetal surface presents upon birth
  36. Dilation/Dilitation
    Expansion of the external os from an opening a few millimeters in size to an opening large enough to allow the passage of the infant
  37. Dystocia
    Difficult labor due to mechanical factors produced by the fetus or the maternal pelvis or due to inadequate uterine or other muscular activity.
  38. Eclampsia
    A major complication of pregnancy. Its cause is unknown; it occurs more often in the primigravida and is accompanied by elevated blood pressure, albuminuria, aliguria, tonic and clonic convulsions, and coma. May occur during pregnancy (after week 20) or within 48 hours after childbirth
  39. Ectopic Pregnancy
    Implantation of the fertilized ovum outside the uterine cavity; common sites are the abdomen, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.
  40. Effacement
    Thinning and shortening of the cervix that occurs late in pregnancy or during labor
  41. Engagement
    The entrance of the fetal presenting part into the superior pelvic strait and the beginning of the descent through the pelvic canal
  42. Endocervical
  43. Endometrium
    The mucous membrane that lines the inner surface of the uterus
  44. Engorgement
    Vascular congestion or distention. Swelling of the breast tissue brought about by an increase in blood and lymp supply to the breast, preceding true lactation
  45. Episiotomy
    Incision of the perineum to facilitate birth and to avoid laceration of the perineum
  46. Erthyroblastosis Fetalis
    Hemolytic disease of the newborn characterized by anemia, jaundice, enlargement of the liver and splee, and generalized edema. Caused by isoimmunization due to Rh incompatibility or ABO incompatibility
  47. Estrogen
    The hormones estradiol and estrone, produced by the ovary
  48. E.D.C. (Expected Date of confinement)
  49. Fallopian Tube
    Tubes that extend from the lateral angle of the uterus and terminate near the ovary; they searve as a passageway for the ovum from the ovary to the uterus and for the spermatozoa from the uterus toward the ovary
  50. False labor
    Contractions of the uterus, regular or irregular, that may be strong enough to be interpreted as true labor but that do not dilate the cervix.
  51. Fertility
  52. Fetal Heart Tones (F.H.T.)
  53. Fetus
    The child in utero from about the seventh to ninth week of gestation until birth
  54. Fontanel
    In the fetus, an unossified space, or soft spot, consisting of a strong band of connective tissue lying between the cranial bones of the skull
  55. Foreskin
  56. Friedman test
  57. Full Term
  58. Fundus
    The upper portion of the uterus between the fallopian tubes
  59. Gestation
    Period of intrauterine development from conception through birth; pregnancy
  60. Gestational Age (infant)
    number of complete weeks of fetal development, calculated from the first day of the last normal menstrual cycle
  61. Goodell's Sign
    Softening of the cervix that occurs during the second month of pregnancy
  62. Gravida
    a pregnant woman
  63. Gravida (G)
  64. Hydramnios
    an excess of amniotic fluid, leading to overdistention of the uterus. Frequently seen in diabetic pregnant women, even if there is no coexisting fetal anomaly.
  65. Hydatidiform mole
    Degenerative process in chorionic villi, giving rise to multiple cysts and rapid growth of the uterus, with hemorrhage
  66. Hyperemesis gravidarum
    Excessive vomiting during pregnancy, leading to dehydration and starvation
  67. Involution
    Rolling or turning inward; the reduction in size of the uterus following childbirth
  68. Ischial spines
    Prominences that arise near the junction of the ilium and ischium and jut into the pelvic cavity; used as a reference point during labor to evaluate the descent of the fetal head into the birth canal
  69. Jaundice
    Yellow pigmentation of body tissues caused by the presence of bile pigments
  70. Labor
    The process by which the fetus is expelled from the maternal uterus. Also called childbirth, confinement, or parturition
  71. Lactation
    The process of producing and supplying breast milk
  72. Laceration
  73. La Leche league
    Organization that provides information on and assistance with breast feeding
  74. Lamaze
    A method of childbirth preparation
  75. Lanugo
    Fine, downy hair found on all body parts of the fetus, with the exception of the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet, after 20 weeks' gestation
  76. LNMP (Last normal menstrual period)
  77. Leopold's Maneuvers
    a series of four maneuvers designed to provide a systematic approach whereby the examiner may determine fetal presentation and position
  78. Lightening
    Moving of the fetus and uterus downward into the pelvic cavity
  79. Lochia
    Maternal discharge of blood, mucus, and tissue from the uterus; may last for several weeks after birth
  80. Mammary glands
  81. Meconium
    Dark green or black material present in the large intestine of a full-term infant; the first stools passed by the newborn
  82. Menstrual Cycle
    Cyclic buildup of the uterine lining, ovulation, and sloughing of the lining occurring approximately every 28 days in nonpregnant females
  83. Neonatal
  84. Multigravida
    woman who has been pregnant more than once
  85. Multipara
    woman who has had more than one pregnancy in which the fetus was viable
  86. Neonate
  87. nullipara
    a woman who has not given birth to a viable fetus
  88. Obstetrics
  89. Ophthalmia Neonatorum
    Purulent infection of the eyes or conjuctiva of the newborn, usually caused by gonococci
  90. Oxytocin
    dHormone normally produced by the posterior pituitary, responsible for stimulation of uterine contractions and the release of milk into the lactiferous ducts
  91. Para (P)
    a woman who has borne offspring who reaced the age of viability
  92. Parturition
  93. Perineum
    the area of tissue between the anus and scrotum in a man or between the anus and vagina in a woman
  94. Placenta
    specialized disk-shaped organ that connects the fetus to the uterine wall for gas and nutrient exchange (AKA: Afterbirth)
  95. Placenta Previa
    Abnormal implantation of the placenta in the lower uterine segment. Classification of type is based on proximity to the cervical os: total-completely covers the os; partial-covers a protion of the os; marginal-is in close proximity to the os
  96. Postpartum
    After childbirth
  97. Precipitous Delivery
    • 1. Unduly rapid progression of labor
    • 2. A birth in which no physician is in attendance
  98. Pre-eclampsia
    Toxemia of pregnancy, characterized by hypertension, albuminuria, and edema
  99. Pregnancy
  100. Pregnancy Induced Hypertension
  101. Premature Infant
    Preterm Infant : any infant born before 38 weeks
  102. Prenatal
  103. Prep
  104. Presentation
    The fetal body part that enters the maternal pelvis first: The three possible presentations are cephalic, sholder, and breech
  105. Primigravida
    a woman who is pregnant for the first time
  106. Primipara
    a woman who has given birth to her first child (past the point of viability), whether or not that child is living or was alive at birth
  107. Premature Rupture of Membranes (PROM)
  108. Pudendal Block
    Injection of an anesthetizing agent at the pudendal nerve to produce numbness of the external genitals and the lower 1/3 of the vagina to facilitate childbirth and permit episiotomy if necessary
  109. Puerperium
    the period after completion of the third stage of labor until involution of the uterus is complete, usually 6 weeks
  110. Quickening
    the first fetal movements felt by the pregnant woman, usually between 16 and 18 weeks gestation
  111. Rh Factor
    Antigens present on the surface of blood cellsthat make the blood cell incompatible with blood cells that do not have the antigen
  112. Rupture of Membranes (ROM)
    Rupture of the bag of waters
  113. Schultze's Mechanism
    Expulsion of the placenta with the shiny, or fetal, surface presenting first
  114. Show
  115. Spontaneous Rupture of Membranes (SROM)
    The breaking of the "water" or membranes marked by the explusion of amniotic fluid from the vagina
  116. Souffle
  117. Station
    Relationship of the presenting fetal part to an imaginary line drwan between the pelvic ischial spines
  118. Stillborn
    the birth of a dead infant
  119. Striae
    stretch marks; shiny purplish lines that appear on the abdomen, breasts, thighs, and buttocks of pregnant women as a result of stretching the skin
  120. Tocolysis
    use of medications to arrest preterm labor
  121. Toxemia
  122. Trimester
    Three months, or 1/3 of the gestational time for pregnancy
  123. Umbilical cord
    the structure connecting the placenta to the umbilicus of the fetus and through which nutrients from the woman are exchanged for wastes from the fetus
  124. Umbilicus
  125. Vernix caseosa
    a protective, cheeselike, whitish substance made up of sebum and desquamated epithelial cells that is present on the fetal skin
  126. Version
    turning of the fetus in utero
  127. Vertex
    the top or crown of the head
  128. Viable
    the potential for the pregnacy to result in a live birth