Psychology

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Anonymous
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12711
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Psychology
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2010-04-11 10:56:09
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by: corn
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Chapter 13,14
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  1. the ability of a test to give the same results under similar conditions
    reliabilty
  2. the ability of a test to measure what it is intended to measure
    validity
  3. ranking of test scores that indicates the ratio of scores lower and higher than a given score
    percentile system
  4. standard of comparison for test results developed by giving the test to large, well defined groups of people
    norms
  5. the ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior, and to adapt to new situations
    intelligence
  6. proposes that a person's intelligence is composed of a general ability level and specific mental abilities.
    two- factor theory
  7. proposes that a person's intelligence involves analytical, creative, and practical thinking skills
    triarchic theory
  8. interpersonal and intrapersonal abilities needed to understand an use knowledge of emotions effectively
    emotional intelligence
  9. standardized measure of intelligence based on a scale in which 100 is average
    IQ
  10. the degree to which a characteristic is related to inherited genetic factors
    heritability
  11. an aspect of an intelligence test in which the wording used in questions may be more familiar to people of one social group than to another group
    cultural bias
  12. estimates the probability that a person will be successful in leaning a specific new skill
    aptitude test
  13. measures how much a person has learned in a given subject or area
    achievement test
  14. measures a persons preferences and attitudes in a wide variety of activities to identify areas of likely success
    interest inventory
  15. assesses an individuals characteristics and indentifies problems
    personality test
  16. a limited or forced choice test in which a person must select onbe of several answers
    objective test
  17. an unstructured test in which a person is asked to respond freely; giving his or her interpretation of varioys ambiguous stimuli
    projective test
  18. the consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a person
    personality
  19. the part of the mind that contains material of which we are unaware but that strongly influences concious processes and behaviors
    unconsious
  20. the part of the unconcious personality that contains our needs, drives, and instincts, and repressed materials
    Id
  21. the part of the personality that is in touch with reality and strives to meet the demands of the id and the superego in socially acceptable ways
    ego
  22. the part of the personality that is the source of the conscience and counteracts the socially desirable impulses of the id
    superego
  23. certain specific means by which the ego unconsciously protects itself against unpleasant impulses or circumstances
    defense mechanisms
  24. making up acceptable excuses for behaviors that cause us to feel anxious. Ex. You did bad on a test, so you say that the test questions were bad, rather than accepting that you did not study for the test
    rationalization
  25. where the person pushes unacceptable thoughts and memories out of awareness without even realizing it
    repression
  26. where you refuse to accept the reality of somethinbg that makes you anxious
    denial
  27. where inner feelings are thrown outside the self and assigned to others
    projection
  28. invloves replacing unacceptable feeling or urge with an opposite one.
    reaction formation
  29. going back to an earlier and less mature pattern of behavior
    regression
  30. occurs when you cannot take out your anger on the source of frustrations, so you take it out on a less powerful person
    displacement
  31. refers to redirecting a forbidden desire into a socially acceptable desire
    sublimation
  32. the part of the mind that contains inherited instincts, urgesm and memories common to all people
    collective unconcious
  33. an inherited idea, based on the experiences of ones ancestorswhich shapes ones perception of the world
    archetype
  34. a pattern of avoiding feelings of inadequacy rather than trying to overcome their source.
    inferiority complex
  35. belief that the proper subject matter of psychology is objectively observable behavior and nothing else
    behaviorism
  36. the occurence of rewards or punishments following particular behaviors
    contigencies of reinforcement
  37. a school of psychology that emphasizes personal growth and the achievement of maximum potential by which unique individual
    humanistic psychology
  38. the humanist term for realizing ones unique potential
    self actualization
  39. ones experience or image of oneself, developed through interaction with others
    self
  40. viewing oneself in a favorable light due to supportive feedback received from interaction with others
    positive regard
  41. the conditions a person must meet in order to regard himself or herself positively
    conditions of worth
  42. the perception that individuals significant others value them for what they are, which leads the individuals to grant themselves the same favorable opinion or view
    unconditional positive regard
  43. an individual whose person and self coincide
    fully functioning
  44. tendency to react to a situation in a way that remains stable overtime
    trait
  45. a characteristic or feature that is so pervasive the person is almost identified with it
    cardinal rule
  46. a complex statistical technique used to identify the underlying resons variables are correlated
    factor analysis
  47. a stable characteristic that can be observed in a certain situation
    surface trait
  48. a stable characteristic that can be considered to be at the core of personality
    source trait

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