gov last unit

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haleygreenbean
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127131
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gov last unit
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2012-01-11 02:00:44
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GOVT last unit
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  1. impeachment
    political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, prescribed by the Constitution. HOR may impeach for “Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors”
  2. Watergate
    events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of WH involvement, leading to the eventual resignation of Nixon under threat of impeachme
  3. 25th amendment
    (1951) permits the VP to become acting president if both VP and cabinet determine that the president is disabled; also outlines how a recuperated president can reclaim his job
  4. National Security Council
    (1947) to coordinate the president’s foreign and military policy advisors; president, secretary of state, secretary of defense... managed by national security advisor
  5. Council of Economic Advisors
    three member body appointed by the president to advise the president on economic policy
  6. Office of Management and Budget
    an office that grew out of the Bureau of the Budget (1921) consisting of a handful of political appointees and hundreds of skilled professionals
  7. Presidential Coattails
    when voters cast their ballots for congressional candidates of the president’s party because they support the president (few races are won this way
  8. War Powers Resolution
    (1973) law passed in reaction to American fighting in Vietnam and Cambodia, requiring presidents to consult with Congress whenever possible prior to using military force and to withdraw after 60 days unless Congress declares war or grants an extension
  9. Legislative Veto
    ability of Congress to override a president’s decision
  10. crisis
    udden, unpredictable, and potentially dangerous event requiring the president to play the role of crisis manager
  11. patronage
    one of the key inducements used by machines. A patronage job, promotion, or contract is one that is given for political reasons rather than for merit of competence alone
  12. Pendleton Civil Service Act (1883)
    (1883) an act that created a federal civil service so that hiring and promotion would be based on merit rather than patronage
  13. civil service
    system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle and the desire to create a nonpartisan government service
  14. merit principle
    idea that hiring should be based on entrance exams and promotion ratings to produce administration by people with talent and skil
  15. Hatch Act
    federal law prohibiting government employees from acting participation in partisan politics
  16. Office of Personnel Management (OPM)
    office in charge of hiring for most agencies of the federal government, using elaborate rules in the process
  17. GS (General Standing ) rating
    schedule for federal employees, ranging from GS 1 to GS 18, by which salaries can be keyed to rating and experience
  18. Senior Executive Service (SES)
    elite cadre of about 9,000 federal government managers, established by Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, who are mostly career officials but include some political appointees who don’t require Senate confirmatio
  19. Bureaucracy
    Weber) hierarchical authority structure that uses task specialization, operates on the merit principle, and behaves with impersonalit
  20. Independent Regualtory Agency
    government agency responsible for some sector of the economy, making and enforcing rules to protect the public interest; judges disputes over these rules
  21. Government Corporation
    government agency responsible for some sector of the economy, making and enforcing rules to protect the public interest; judges disputes over these rules
  22. Independent Executive Agency
    government not accounted for by cabinet departments, independent regulatory agencies, and government corporations; heads typically appointed by the president and serve at president’s pleasure
  23. Policy Implementation
    stage of policymaking between the establishment of policy and the consequences of the policy for the people whom it affects. Implementation involves translating the goals and objectives of a policy into an operating. ongoing program
  24. Standard Operating Procedures
    used in bureaucracies to bring uniformity to complex rgniztions; improves fairness and makes personnel interchangeble
  25. Administration Discretion
    : authority of administrative actors to select among various responses; greatest when SOPs don’t fit case
  26. Street-Level Bureaucrats
    (Lipsky) referring to those bureaucrats who are in constant contact with the public and have considerable administrative discreti

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