U.S. History Chapter 17

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  1. Between 1877 and 1900, what crop was the dominant agricultural product in the South?
    1. The Patrons of Husbandry, also known as the National _______, was led primarily by large landowners, not small farmers.
  2. What was the name given to Charles Macune's plan to store farmers' crops in a warehouse until the price rose to protect their market?
    Subtreasury Plan
  3. The People's Party was eventually renamed the _______ political party which represented disillusioned farmers in the South and mid-West.
  4. What political party did most African-Americans favor in the South because of its role in abolishing slavery?
    Republican Party
  5. In the South, settlement houses were known as _______ Houses after the founder of Methodism.
  6. What U.S. Supreme Court case in 1896 declared that segregation was legal as long as separate facilities for blacks and whites were equal?
    Plessy Vs. Ferguson
  7. In an effort to discourage blacks from voting, many southern states instituted a ________ tax which required citizens to pay a fee in order to vote.
  8. As part of his focus on education for blacks, Booker T. Washington founded the _______ Institute in rural Alabama which emphasized vocational training.
  9. What African-American was a cofounder in 1910 of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), an interracial organization dedicated to restoring African-American political and social rights?
    W.E.B. Dubois
  10. The term Solid South refers to:
    the dominance of the Democratic party in Southern politics
  11. The powerful Southern Farmers' Alliance had its origins in
  12. Conditions that hindered the New South from economic development included all of the following except
    a skilled and educated work force,
  13. The Populist political party supported all of the following policies except
    regulation of health and safety standards in factories,
  14. All of the following were several goals that the farmers began to lobby for in the South except
    To establish new prohibition laws
  15. What writer referred to the last decades of the nineteenth century as the Gilded Age which refers to the shallow display and worship of wealth characteristic of the period?
    Mark Twain
  16. What name is given to the merging of competitors in a given industry such as John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil Company?
    Horizontal Integration
  17. What violent labor incident in 1886 seriously weakened the Knights of Labor movement?
    Haymarket square incident
  18. What labor group in 1886 became the major organizing body for skilled workers and focused on collective bargaining rather than labor strikes?
    American Federation of Labor
  19. What person, who headed the American Railway Union (ARU), went to jail in the aftermath of the failed 1894 Pullman strike?
    Eugene v. Debs
  20. What name was used to apply the concepts of biological evolution to human societies and to justify the "survival of the fittest"?
    Social Darwinism
  21. Who founded Hull House in Chicago in 1889 as a settlement house which offered social welfare, educational, and homemaking services to the poor or immigrants?
    Jane Addams
  22. What Congressional act of 1870 limited U.S. Citizenship to whites and blacks only and prevented Chinese and other Asian groups from becoming citizens?
    Naturalization Act
  23. The use of sweatshops was most common in
    The Garment Industry
  24. Which spectator sport was largely favored by the middle class at the turn of the century?
    professional baseball
  25. Who was the first leading entrepreneur in the American steel industry?
    Andrew Carnegie
  26. The workplace of the late 1800's included all of the following conditions except
    A safe and healthy environment
  27. John D. Rockefeller's methods for defeating competitors did not include
    support of labor unions
  28. What state in 1900 passed legislation regulating child labor despite much government opposition?
  29. Who were the 'New Immigrants" who poured into the United States between 1890 and 1920 ?
    Immigrants from southern and eastern Europe
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U.S. History Chapter 17
practice quiz 17
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