Chapter 16 Oncology: Nursing Management in Cancer Care (terms)

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Chapter 16 Oncology: Nursing Management in Cancer Care (terms)
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2012-01-11 20:00:04
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Chapter 16 Oncology Nursing Management Cancer Care terms
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Chapter 16 Oncology: Nursing Management in Cancer Care (terms) SMELTZER, Suzanne C., brenda g. bare, janice l. hinkle, and kerry h. cheever. Brunner & Suddarth's Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing. twelfth ed. Vol. 1. Philadelphia: Wolters kluwer health/ lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2010. 336-94. 2 vols. Print.
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  1. Hair loss
    alopecia
  2. -Cells that lack normal cellular characteristics and differ in shape and organization with respect to their cells of origin
    -usually these cells are malignant
    Anaplasia
  3. programmed cell death
    Apoptosis
  4. -not cancerous
    -these tumors may grow but are unable to spread to other areas
    Benign
  5. Use of agents or treatment methods that can alter the immunologic relationship between the tumor and the host to provide a therapeutic benefit
    Biologic response modifier (BRM) therapy
  6. a diagnostic procedure to remove a small sample of tissue to be examined microscopically to detect malignant cells
    Biopsy
  7. delivery of radiation therapy through internal implants
    brachytherapy
  8. a disease process whereby cells proliferate abnormally, ignoring growth-regulating signals in the environment surrounding the cells
    cancer
  9. process ot transforming normal cells into malignant cells
    carcinogenesis
  10. use of medications to kill tumor cells by interfering with cellular functions and reproduction
    Chemotherapy
  11. containment of the growth of cancer cells
    control
  12. prolonged survival and disappearance of all evidence of disease so that the patient has the same life expectancy as anyone else in his or her age group
    cure
  13. substances produced by cells of the immune system to enhance production and functioning of components of the immune system
    cytokines
  14. bizarre cell growth resulting in cells that differ in size, shape, or arrangement from other cells cells from the same type of tissue
    dysplasia
  15. leakage of medication from the veins into the subcutaneous tissues
    extravasation
  16. identification of the type of tissue from which the tumor originated and the degree to which the tumor cells retain the functional and structural characteristics fo the tissue of origin
    grading
  17. -an immune response initiated by T lymphocytes of donor tissue against the recipient's tissues (skin, gastrointestinal tract, liver)
    -an undesirable response
    graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD)
  18. -the donor cell response against the malignancy
    -a desirable response
    graft-versus-tumor effect
  19. -increase in the number of cells of a tissue
    -most often associated with periods of rapid body growth
    hyperplasia
  20. having cells or processes that are characteristic of cancer
    malignant
  21. conversion of one type of mature cell into another type of cell
    metaplasia
  22. spread of cancer cells from the primary tomor to distant sites
    metastasis
  23. suppression of the blood cell-producing function of the bone marrow
    myelosuppression
  24. lowest point of white blood cell depression after therapy that has toxic effects on the bone marrow
    nadir
  25. uncontrolled cell growth that follows no physiologic demand
    neoplasia
  26. abnormally low absolute neutrophil count
    neutropenia
  27. field or study of cancer
    oncology
  28. relief of symptoms and promotion of comfort and quality of life
    palliation
  29. use of ionizing radiation to interrupt the growth of malignant cells
    radiation therapy
  30. process of determining the extent of disease, including tumor size and spread or metastasis to distant sites
    staging
  31. inflammation of the oral tissues, often associated with some chemotherapeutic agents and radiation therapy to the head and neck region
    stomatitis
  32. cancer treatments that seek to minimize the negative effects on healthy tissues by disrupting specific cancer cell functions, such as malignant formation, communication pathways, processess for growth and metastasis, and genetic coding
    targeted therapies
  33. -decrease in the numver of circulating platelets
    -associated with the potential for bleeding
    thrombocytopenia
  34. protein on the membrane of cancer cells that distinguishes the malignant cell from a benign cell of the same tissue type
    tumor-specific antigen (TSA)
  35. substance that can cause tissue nercrosis and damage, particularly when extravasated
    vesicant
  36. dry oral cavity resulting from decreased function of salivary glands
    xerostomia

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