Card Set Information
What is the purpose of adjusting patient position?
Who are standard wheelchairs used for?
pts <200lbs, not going to be very active in it
What does a reclining w/c do?
back of it partially/fully reclines
for pts who are in the w/c most of the time and need med. treatment that requires reclining
has elevating leg rests
What type of w/c reclines back, has many angles, and the whole chair is capable of moving back with the recline?
What are the characteristics of an amputee w/c?
rear wheel axles are 2 inches posterior to normal to help widen BOS
What type of w/c is best for a hemiplegic and why?
low seat - lower to ground for easier movement
What are the characteristics of a sports w/c?
very light, angled wheels for sharper turns, lower seat back
Power w/c's can be operated by what?
What is our goal for patients in wheelchairs?
maximize residual function, make what they have left better and stronger
What 5 things need to be measured to get proper measurements for a wheelchair?
What do you measure for w/c seat height?
from heel to popliteal fold +2"
What do you measure for seat depth?
measure posterior buttocks to popliteal fold -2"
What do you measure for seat width?
widest aspect of buttocks, hips, and thighs +2"
What do you measure for back height?
from seat to axilla while shoulder are flexed at 90, then -4"
What do you measure for the w/c armrest?
from seat to olecranon with elbows flexed at 90 then +1"
What are the pressure points from sitting in a wheelchair?
inferior angles scapulae (pointy tip of shoulderblade)
ischial luberosities (buttocks)
vertebral spinous processes (vertebrae poking out of back)
greater trochanters (hip bones)
lateral femoral condyles (outside knee area)
medical humeral epicondyle (inside of arm by elbow)