Card Set Information
Paper making Printmaking
Paper Making terms
paper free from any acid content or other substances likely to have a
detrimental effect on the paper.
Beater or Hollander
introduced mid seventeenth century and superseded the method of preparing pulp
by hammering or stamping
process of reducing raw materials to a fibrous
state in the production
in a stamper
it is a flat plate of iron in the bottom of the trough against which rags
are pounded. In a Hollander
it has ridges or knives and acts with the beater
process of pressing to smooth or glaze
of paper during the finishing
- basic substance of paper manufacture derived
from plant tissues
- source of fibre
for papermaking, usually in the form of linters
The fibres are strong and flexible and suited to the production of fine papers.
action of transferring sheets of newly formed paper from hand moulds
on a hand mould
is the removable frame which retains the pulp
on the cover
while the water drains through. On a Fourdrinier
machine, the deckle strap performs the same function on the moving wire
slightly wavy line to the edge of handmade paper, formed by a slight
thinning of the edge of the sheet by pulp
creeping under the edge of the deckle
of the sheet.
material woven from either cotton or wool with a raised surface which
supports the wet sheet of paper during the stages of removal of water.
the action of making a sheet of paper by dipping
into a vat
the water drains through the cover leaving the pulp on the surface
name applied to the papermachine after the Fourdrinier brothers who
financed its early development. It produces a continuous web
of paper and was developed by Bryan Donkin from the original invention of
alignment of fibres
in a sheet of paper caused by the flow of the web
of wet paper in cylinder
partially broken or beaten fibres
for papermaking. See also Stuff
unwanted part of woody plants, can cause
degradation later in the life of the paper.
rectangular wooden frame covered with either a laid or wove
wire surface used for forming
sheets of paper by hand.
name for paper used for printing newspapers, the
cheapest type made
term applied to a pile of sheets, normally 144 but varying
in number, of wet pulp, fresh from the mould,
just made into paper couched
with alternate felts
and ready for pressing.
the aqueous stuff
containing disintegrated cellulose
from which paper is made.
formerly the principal raw material for making
paper, now rarely used except for very high quality papers. Could be linen
but by association also includes jute,
sailcloth and hemp
sideways movement of a hand mould
by the vatman
or the wire
of a papermachine to interlock the fibres
whilst still suspended in the pulp
originally a solution of glue or gelatine
but later any substance that reduces the rate at which paper absorbs water or
ink. Can be applied by coating the finished sheet
or by addition to the pulp
See also tub-sized
process of treating the paper with size.
originally the tank containing the stuff
from which hand made paper was produced but later also applied to the tank in
which the cylinder of a mould
machine is partially immersed.