Elements

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Author:
carlipatterson
ID:
127420
Filename:
Elements
Updated:
2012-01-12 12:51:05
Tags:
Biomed 1110
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Description:
Major and Lesser Elements
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  1. MAJOR ELEMENTS
  2. 6

    C

    12.011
    Carbon: Forms backbone chains and rings of all organic molecules

    • Protons: 6
    • Electrons: 6
    • Neutrons: 6
  3. 1

    H

    1.0079
    Hydrogen: Consitutent of water and most organic molecules, ionized form makes body fluids more acidic

    • Protons: 1
    • Electrons: 1
    • Neutrons: 0
  4. 8

    O

    15.999
    Oxygen: Part of water and many organiz molecules

    • Protons: 8
    • Electrons: 8
    • Neutrons: 8
  5. 7

    N

    14.007
    Nitrogen: Component of all proteins and nucleic acids

    • Protons: 7
    • Electrons: 7
    • Neutrons: 7
  6. LESSER ELEMENTS
  7. 20

    Ca

    40.08
    Calcium: Contributes to hardness of bones and teeth, ionized form needed for blood clotting, release of some hormones, contraction of muscle

    • Protons: 20
    • Electrons: 20
    • Neutrons: 20
  8. 15

    P

    30.974
    Phosphorus: Component of nucleic acids and ATP, required for normal bone and tooth structure

    • Protons: 15
    • Electrons: 15
    • Neutrons: 16
  9. 19

    K

    39.098
    Potassium: Ionized form is the most plentiful cation inside cells, needed for nerve activity

    • Protons: 19
    • Electrons: 19
    • Neutrons: 20
  10. 16

    S

    32.066
    Sulfur: Component of some vitamins and many proteins

    • Protons: 16
    • Electrons: 16
    • Neutrons: 16
  11. 11

    Na

    22.989
    Sodium: Ionized form is the most plentiful cation in extracellular fluid, essential for maintaining water balance, needed for nerve activity

    • Protons: 11
    • Electrons: 11
    • Neutrons: 12
  12. 17

    Cl

    35.453
    Chlorine: Ionized form is the most plentiful anion in extracellular fluid, essential for maintaining water balance

    • Protons: 17
    • Electrons: 17
    • Neutrons: 28
  13. 12

    Mg

    24.305
    Magnesium: Ionized form needed for many enzymes

    • Protons: 12
    • Electrons: 12
    • Neutrons: 12
  14. 26

    Fe

    55.845
    Iron: Ionized forms are part of hemoglobin and some enzymes

    • Protons: 26
    • Electrons: 26
    • Neutrons: 30

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