Science - Chapter 5, Lessons 1 & 2

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
127502
Filename:
Science - Chapter 5, Lessons 1 & 2
Updated:
2012-01-12 18:38:21
Tags:
science minerals soil rocks
Folders:

Description:
Study Guide Questions
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. _________________________ is the type of soil conservation that allows farmers to plant crops by cutting into a hillside, it helps to prevent erosion.
    Terracing
  2. ________________________ is the part of the soil that is made from decayed or orgaic materials like plants and animals.
    Humus
  3. Words like shiny, dull, metallic, oily, nonmetallic describe a minerals' ___________________. It is how it reflects the light.
    Luster -
  4. ________________________ rock are igneous rocks that is formed from magma inside Earth.
    Intusive
  5. The colored powder left when a mineral is rubbed on a rough surface is it's ___________________.
    Streak
  6. Harmful materias added to the soil, air, or water is _______________________________.
    Pollution
  7. ____________________________ is the saving or protection of natural resources.
    Conservation
  8. ___________________________ rock forms from layers of sediment that ae compacted and cemented together.
    Sedimentary
  9. _____________________ covers most of the Earth's landmasses.
    Soul.
  10. _____________________ is themeasure of how well a mineral resists scratching.
    Hardness
  11. _______________________ rock forms from squeezing (pressure) and heating.
    Metamorphic
  12. ____________ is made from broken down pieces of rocks and decayed animal and plant material.
    Soul
  13. Each layer of soil that covers Earth's landmasses is called a ____________________________.
    Horizon.
  14. ________________________
    ________________________
    ________________________
    are the three basic types of rocks.
    • Sedementary
    • Ingneous
    • Metamorphic
  15. Geometric patterns formed by minerals are called _______________________.
    Crystals
  16. Minerals are made from _________________ substances found in the ground.
    Non-Living
  17. Soil is a ________________ resource.
    Natural
  18. Exrusive rcks are formed ___________________ the Earth's surface.
    Outside
  19. Uneven or rough surfaces on a mineral are called _______________.
    afrather
  20. All types of rocks can _______________ into other rocks during the rock cycle.
    transform
  21. Strip farming is used by farmers to help prevent erosion by ________________ between rows of crops.
    Planting grass
  22. ________________________ cannot be scratched, they are the hardest mineral.
    Diod
  23. _____________________ can be scratched by a fingernail.
    gypsum
  24. Crop ___________ allows farmers to use land over and over.
    rotation
  25. _________________________ is when a farm plows furrows across the slope instead of up and down the slope.
    contour plowing
  26. ______________________ is when farmers add a substance that replaces used up nutrients.
    fertilization
  27. Be able to label the Prts of the Soil Horizons:
    Horizon A
    Horizon B
    Horizon C
    Topsoil
    Subsoil
    Bedrock
    Label on digram
  28. _____________ means having to do with or coming from living things.
    Organic
  29. an ________________ element is a pure substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substance.
    element
  30. The ________________ scale is the scale used to rank the hardness of minerals.
    mon's hardness
  31. _______________ is the softest number on the hardness scale.
    1
  32. _________________ is the hardest number on the hardness scale.
    10
  33. What is the difference between a mineral and a gem?
  34. Define conglomerate rock. ___________________________________________

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview