Card Set Information

2012-01-14 00:40:22
Semester One Notes

Lord of the Flies, Mythology, Odyssey
Show Answers:

  1. What are the major themes of Lord of the Flies?
    It's "An attempt to trace the defects of society back to defects of human nature." -Golding
  2. Who wrote the Lord of the Flies?
    William Golding
  3. What is the symbolism of the Conch?
    Law and order
  4. What is the symbolism of the Lord of the Flies?
    The boys losing it
  5. What is the symbolism of the Signal fire?
  6. What is the symbolism of Ralph?
  7. What is the symbolism of Jack
    Authoritanian man
  8. What is the symbolism of Piggy
    Intelligence and thought
  9. What is the symbolism of Simon?
    Jesus or a saint
  10. What is POV?
    Point of view; i.e. first person, thrid person omnisent, thrid person
  11. What is Denotative?
    Strict dictionary definition of the word
  12. What is connotative?
    Emotional or infered definition
  13. What are the three phases of the Hero cycle?
    • 1. Departure
    • 2. Initiation
    • 3. Return
  14. Define Monomyth
    The monomyth is the cyclical journey undertaken by the standard mythological hero as described by Joseph Campbell. The core concept of the monomyth is: "A hero ventures forth from the world of common day into a region of supernatural wonder: fabulous forces are there encountered and a decisive victory is won: the hero comes back from this mysterious adventure with the power to bestow boons on his fellow men."
  15. Myth
    Stories explaining objects or events in the natural world as resulting from the action of some supernatural force of entity, most often a god.
  16. Paradox
    • Idea that combines two opposites
    • Ex. Promethus is both a hero and a villian, because he brings us fire and a lot of plagues.
  17. Hero
    • The main charcter in a story who plays the leading role in the hero cycle:
    • Self sacrificing, questioning, trials, fault, (hamartia), death, saves.
  18. Elements of creation story
    • Regarded as the truth
    • Explains why humans are on Earth
    • Always supreme beings
    • Defines relationship to gods and what proper behvaior is.
  19. Psyche
    • Goddess of the soul
    • So pretty Aphrodite was jealous and sent Cupid to make her fall in love with a bad man
    • Fell in love with Cupid instead
  20. Aphrodite
    • Evil and vain goddess of love
    • Mother of Cupid
    • Tries to get rid of her sons love by putting her through trials
  21. Eros (cupid)
    • God of love
    • Falls for Psyche
    • Forgives her when she crosses him
  22. Odyssy author
  23. Odyssy written..
    800 BCE
  24. Epic Poem
    Long poem about a hero
  25. Epic Hero
    the hero in an epic poem
  26. Point of View
    First person and thrid person omnipisent
  27. Arete
    • Excellence and greatness
    • Virtue
    • Honor
  28. Homeric Simile
    • Extended simile, many lines long
    • Takes form of "As when____, so does____"
  29. In medias res
    In the middle of things
  30. Anthropos polytropos
    Man of many ways or man of many tricks
  31. Epithet
    • any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or
    • attributed quality
  32. Aeaea
    Island where Circe lives
  33. Agamemnon
    King, leader of the Greeks in the Trojan war, Helen's husband
  34. Alcinous
    • n. Greek Mythology A king of Phaeacia, father of Nausicaa,
    • who entertained Odysseus.
  35. Antinous
    Head of the Suitors who dies first
  36. Athena
    Zeus' daughter, goddess of war who helps Odysseus
  37. Calypso
    Nymph who keeps Odysseus for a while
  38. Charybdis
    Whirlpool by Scylla
  39. Circe
    a goddess living on the fabulous island of Aeaea. Her magical powers turned Odysseus' men into swine
  40. Eumaneus
    Faithful swine herd
  41. Eurycleia
    Odyssues's old nurse/ Penelope's servant
  42. Helen
    The woman who was promised to Paris who starts the whole war
  43. Helios
    The sun god whose cattle Odysseus' men kill
  44. Hermes
    The messenger god
  45. hubris
    Excessive in pride or arrogance
  46. Ithaca
    The land where Odysseus is trying to get back to
  47. Lotus
    • Caused anyone to eat the flower or seeds to forget who he was, and their only
    • interest was to eat more of the plants
  48. Lotus Eater
    People who had eaten the lotus
  49. Mentor
    The perosn Athena disguises herself as
  50. Moly/molu
    A magical herb given to Odyssues by Hermes to protect him from Circe's magic
  51. Muses
    The Nine Muses were Greek goddesses who ruled over the arts and sciences and offered inspiration in those subjects. They were the daughters of Zeus, lord of all gods, and Mnemosyne, who represented memory
  52. Nestor
    is trying to give answers to Telemachus questions about his father's death (or disappearance), he also tells him the true events that happened in Troy.Agamemnon's death, all the Greeks that returned home after the war was over, but he has no answer about his father.
  53. Nobody/noman
    The fake name Odysseus uses to trick Polyphemus
  54. Odysseus
    The god-like hero of the story
  55. Ogyia
    Island where Calypso lives
  56. Penelope
    Odysseus' wife
  57. Phaecians
    The inhabitants of the land of Scheria.
  58. Polyphemus
    Cyclopes that traps the men and then gets his eye blinded by Odysseus
  59. Scylla
    Six headed monster that eats 6 of Odysseus' men
  60. Poseidon
    God of the sea whose fucking pissed off at Odysseus
  61. Sirens
    Monsters whose singing lures away men
  62. Tiresias
    • The most famous of all Greek seers. The legend was that in compensation for his
    • blindness the gods had given him his awesome visionary powers. His spirit is
    • consulted by Odysseus in Hades
  63. Telemachus
    Odysseus' son
  64. Troy
    The place where the Helen of Troy battle was fought
  65. Formula for Literary Analysis Paragraph
    • Topic sentence must include:
    • 1. Title
    • 2. Author
    • 3. Literary device
    • 4. Author's purpose
    • Incorporated, documented textual proof (Quotation)
    • Explanation of author's purpose (why or how the author uses this literary device, NOT what is the definition of the literary device)
    • Conclusion- relate author's purpose to a major theme in the work.