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OTCs are ______________________________ on the bases of their labeling alone (if taken properly)
safe and effective for consumers to use
T/F OTC labels must be more detailed than Rx drugs so the consumer can properly use the product
- Active and Inactive ingredients
What are all the things that an OTC label should include?
- Product name, statement of indentity
- Active ingredients: purpose, dosage, dose form, and net quantity
- Name/location of manufacturer
- Directions for use
- Expiration date and lot number or batch code
- Description of tamper resistant features
What are the two exceptions that do not require to have the required things on an OTC label
- If there is no toxic dose can be taken as much as want without overdosing
- If the expiration date is greater than 3 years
Where should should medication be stored?
- Away from heat and humidity exposure
- Store in cool dark, dry place
- Out of reach of children
- Check expiration dates
What are the opportunities for medication errors?
- Consumers have limited reading skill or illiterate
- Language barriers
- Poor vision
- Inadequate lighting to read
- Uneducated on proper use
- Handle or store product improperly
- Quickly and accuratly assess patient
- Establish the patient is an appropiate candidate for self-care
- Suggest appropiate treatment stategies
- Talk with the patient
- Symptoms: what are the main and associated symptoms
- Characterisics: describe the situation, is it changing
- History: What has been done so far? Has it happened before?
- Onset: When did it start? Does it come and go?
- Location: Where is the problem?
- Aggravating factors: What makes it worse?
- Remitting factors: What makes it better?
- Introduce yourself
- 1st open ended question: What may i help you with today
- Begin assessment process: 2nd open ened question, use scholar
- Patient assessment
- Refer if:
- The symptoms are too severe to be endured without definitve diagnosis and treatment
- The symptoms result from an identifiable cause
- Symptoms return
- Unsure of diagnosis
- The patient is elderly, pregnant, under the age of 2
- Patient is trying to avoid going to the doctor
- Symptoms are refractory to OTC treatment
- Purpose: resolve drug therapy problems, Meet goals for each medical condition, Prevent future drug therapy problems
- Select self-treatment: medication, alternative treatment, non-pharmacologic treatment, general care measures
- Advise the pt on: reason for self treatment, description of drug or treatment, administration of treatment, what to expect from treatment
- Explain to pt why you have chosen a particular treatment
- Advise pt on when to expect results from the treatment
- Discuss what to do if pt does not see results
- Decide on necessity of follow-up visits