First Aid

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First Aid
2012-01-13 15:43:18
Study Guide

First Aid
Show Answers:

  1. What is Self Aid?

    • Emergency treatment one applies to oneself

  2. Name some items that you might use as a splint from
    your military equipment

    • Bayonet
    • Rifle
    • Entrenching
    • tool
    • Tent
    • poles and stakes
    • Web
    • belt

  3. What is the quickest way to splint a broken leg

    • Tie the broken leg securely to the unbroken leg

  4. How many pressure points, which can be used to control
    bleeding with fingers, thumbs or hands are there on a human body


  5. What is the object of first aid?

    • To
    • stop bleeding
    • Overcome
    • shock
    • Relieve
    • pain
    • Prevent
    • infection

  6. What FM covers first aid for soldiers?

    • FM 4-25.11

  7. What is First Aid?

    • It is the first care given to casualties before
    • treatment by medical personnel can be made

    • available

  8. What is the unique feature of type "O"

    • It is a universal donor
  9. When
    would you not remove a casualties clothing to expose a wound?
    • If in a chemical environment or if the clothing is
    • stuck to the wound

  10. What soldiers are most likely to suffer heat injuries?

    • Soldiers not accustomed to the heat, overweight
    • soldiers, prior heat casualties, and soldiers

    • already dehydrated due to alcohol use, diarrhea, or
    • lack of water (insufficient use of)

  11. How high should an injured limb be elevated above the
    heart to control bleeding?

    • 2 to 4 inches

  12. What are the lifesaving steps? (The ABC's of medical

    • Open the airway and restore breathing
    • Stop the bleeding
    • Protect the wound
    • Prevent shock

  13. When applying splint, where should the bandages be

    • The bandages should be tied with knots against the
    • splint

  14. Whose first aid dressing should be used on a casualty?

    • Use the casualty’s field dressing.

  15. How should the ends of an improved pressure dressing
    be tied?

    • Tie the ends together in a nonslip knot, directly over
    • the wound site. DO NOT tie so tightly that it has a tourniquet-like-effect

  16. What is manual pressure?

    • If bleeding continues after applying the sterile field
    • dressing, direct manual pressure may be used to stop bleeding. Apply
    • such pressure by placing a hand on the dressing and exerting firm pressure
    • for 5 to 10 minutes.

  17. Should a casualty be given water to drink?

    • He should not eat or drink

  18. Why should you dress and bandage the wound as soon as

    • To protect the wound from further contamination of
    • germs, and also to control the bleeding

  19. What should you do to indicate that a casualty has
    received a tourniquet?

    • Mark his or her forehead with a T and if possible,
    • note the time of the application of the tourniquet

  20. Should you ever remove or loosen a tourniquet?

    • No, only qualified medical personnel can do that

  21. Where is a tourniquet applied?

    • Place the tourniquet around the limb, between the
    • wound and the body trunk (or between the wound and the heart). Never place it directly over a wound, a fracture, or joint. Tourniquets, for maximum
    • effectiveness, should be placed on the upper arm or above the knee on the thigh.

  22. How can you prevent athlete's foot?

    • Keep your feet clean, use foot powder and change socks
    • daily

  23. Name 3 categories of heat injuries

    • Heat cramps
    • Heat exhaustion
    • Heat stroke

  24. What are the signs and symptoms of heat cramps?

    • Cramping in the arms and legs
    • Abdominal cramps
    • excessive sweating

  25. What is the treatment for heat cramps?

    • Move the casualty to a cool, shady area or improvise shade if none is available
    • Loosen his clothing (if not in a chemical environment) Seek medical assistance should cramps continue

  26. What are the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion?

    • Excessive sweating with pale, moist, cool skin
    • Headache
    • Weakness
    • Dizziness
    • Loss of appetite

  27. What are two basic types of fractures?

    • Open
    • (compound)
    • Closed (simple)

  28. Name two types of rescue breathing

    • Mouth to mouth
    • Mouth to nose

  29. How long is direct manual pressure applied to control

    • 5 to 10 minutes

  30. What should you do prior to leaving an unconscious

    • Turn their head to the side to prevent them from
    • choking on their own vomit

  31. When should a tourniquet be used to stop bleeding?

    • As a last resort when everything else has failed or
    • when an arm or leg has been severed off

  32. What does COLD stand for?

    • It is a key word in cold weather protection, it stands
    • for Keep it CLEAN, Avoid OVERHEATING, wear it loose and in layers and keep it dry.

  33. What is the first indication of frostbite?

    • Skin becomes numb and white particles/patches form on
    • it