A&P 2 Lab midterm

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tville01
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A&P 2 Lab midterm
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2012-02-09 07:31:03
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Lab midterm
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A&P 2 Lab midterm
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  1. Name the large purple cell.
    Megakaryocyte

  2. Name the cell in the center.
    Megakaryocyte

  3. Name the pink cells
    Erythrocytes

  4. Name the leukocyte
    Neutrophil

  5. Name the leukocyte
    Eosinophil

  6. Name the leukocyte
    Basophil

  7. Name the leukocyte
    Lymphocyte

  8. Name the leukocyte
    Monocyte

  9. Name the cellular fragments
    Thrombocytes

  10. Name the 2 leukocyte
    • 1. Monocyte
    • 2. Neutrophil

  11. Name the 3 leukocytes
    Neutrophils

  12. Name the leukocyte
    Lymphocyte

  13. Name the leukocytes
    • 1. Neutrophil
    • 2. Neutrophil
    • 3. Monocyte
    • 4. Neutrophil
    • 1. left ventricle
    • 2. chordae tendineae
    • 3. left ventricle
    • 4. right ventricle
    • 5. myocardium of right ventricle

  14. Name the purple cell
    Basophil

  15. Name the cell in the center
    Eosinophil
    • Top Picture
    • TL=Aorta
    • TR= Superior Vena Cava
    • LL=pulmonary vein
    • LR=inferior vena cava

    • Bottom Picture
    • TL=aorta
    • TR=pulmonary trunk
  16. Shape of red blood cells?
    bioconcave disc
  17. Polymorphonuclear leukocyte is another name for?
    Neutrophil
  18. Most and least abundant leukocytes in the blood?
    • neutrophils
    • basophils
  19. What is the difference between total white blood cell count and differental white blood cell count?
    Differental breaks down to types of WBC, total is total # of WBC
  20. What is the primary function of basophils?
    release histamine and heparin during innflammation
  21. What would increased eosinophils in the blood indicate?
    • parastic worms
    • allergic reactions
    • autoimmune diseases
  22. What would increased neutrophils in the blood indicate?
    bacterial infection
  23. Platelets play an important role in
    hemostasis
  24. What would increased lymphocytes in the blood indicate?
    viral infections
  25. What would increased monocytes in the blood indicate?
    fungal infections
  26. Hemocrit
    red blood cell %
  27. Blood is ______ tissue
    CT
  28. What blood cells help provide a defense against diesease organisms?
    leukocyte
  29. When performing a blood transfusion what must be considered concerning the donor and the recipient?
    The antigens of the donor and the antibodies of the recipient.
  30. Cytoplasmic fragments of cells
    platelets
  31. What is the function of Erythrocytes? What percentage of formed elements do they account for?
    transport gases, 99% of formed elements
  32. What is the Hematocrit(HCT)/ Packed Cell Volume(PCV)?
    A test used to measure RBC/Erythrocytes.
  33. How much hemoglobin (by volume, a protein) is in each RBC? What isthe function of hemoglobin?
    • about 1/3
    • It is the iron containing pigment in RBC that give blood it's color
  34. What compound is formed when oxygen combines with hemoglobin? What color is it?
    Oxyhemoglobin, bright red
  35. What is Deoxyhemoglobin? What color is it?
    When hemoglobin releases oxygen, bluish apperance
  36. What is Hemstopoiesis and where does it occur?
    Hematopoiesis is RBC production and occurs in the red bone marrow
  37. What are the two types of Agranulocytes?
    Monocytes and Lymphoctyes
  38. What is the correct orderof leukocytes in a blood sample from most common to least common?
    • Neutrphils_54%-62%
    • Lymphocytes_25%-33%
    • Monocytes- 3%-9%
    • Eosinophils- 1%-3%
    • Basophils- Less than 1%
    • Never Let Monkeys Eat Bannannas
  39. Which WBC is involves in antibody formation?
    Lymphocytes
  40. Hemostasis involves three mechanisms to prevent blood loss. These include all but which of the following?
    A.Vasoconstriction
    B.Agglutination
    C.Platelet plug formation
    D.Coagulation
    B.Agglutination
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. A person with blood type AB possesses what anitgens on the cell membrane of his/her erythrocytes?
    Antigens A and B
  42. Identify the blood type that is the "universal donor".
    O
  43. Which of the following is not a formed element?
    A.red blood cell
    B.leukocyte
    C.platelet
    D.plasma
    E.eosinophil
    D.plasma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. In a given volume of blood, about ________% is plasma and ________% is formed elements
    .55; 45
  45. A person with B blood type has:
    B antigens on their red blood cells and anti-a antibodies in their plasma
  46. Blood platelets
    A.lack nuclei.
    B.are also referred to as thrombocytes.
    C. release serotonin.
    D.number from 130,000 - 360,000/mm3 blood
    E.all of the above are correct
    E.all of the above are correct
  47. The enzyme ________ converts fibrinogen into strands of ________, which form a blood clot.
    thrombin; fibrin
  48. What are the normal values of hemoglobin for females and males?
    • female- 12-16 gm per 100ml of whole blood
    • male- 14-18 gm per 100ml of blood
  49. What are normal percentage values for men and women in a hematocrit?
    • female-37-47%
    • male- 40-54%
  50. The buffy coat evidenced by separating blood cells is comprised of _____.
    A)platelets and leukocytes
    B)erythrocytes
    C)platelets
    D)white cells
    A)platelets and leukocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Which of the following is a probable cause of leukocytosis?
    A)mumps
    B)chickenpox
    C)appendicitis
    D)influenza
    C)appendicitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. How much of the plasma is protein?
    A)7%
    B)25%
    C)92%
    D)10%
    A)7%, because 92% is water
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. An acute infection would show up in a blood count as ______________.
    A)leukocytosis
    B)thrombocytopenia
    C)too few helper T cells
    D)leukopenia
    A)leukocytosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Choose the correct order for the steps of hemostasis.
    A)blood vessel spasm, blood coagulation, platelet plug formation
    B)platelet plug formation, blood coagulation, blood vessel spasm
    C)blood coagulation, platelet plug formation, blood vessel spasm
    D)blood vessel spasm, platelet plug formation, blood coagulation
    D)blood vessel spasm, platelet plug formation, blood coagulation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. Which blood type is the universal donor? recipient?
    • donor=O
    • recipient=AB
  56. What is the most important antigen in the Rh factor group?
    D
  57. Name the coverings of the heart in order from proximal to distal.
    Heart, visceral pericardium(epicardium), parietal paricardium, fibrous pericardium.
  58. What are the 3 layers of the heart wall?
    • Epicardium
    • Myocardium
    • Endocardium
  59. What happens at the P-Q(P-R) interval?
    time it takes impulse to go from SA node to AV node
  60. Whatt happens during S-T segement?
    ventricles are contracting
  61. What happens during Q-T interval?
    time from ventricule depolorization end to end of repolorization of ventricles
  62. What is the instrument used fro measuring cardiac impulses?
    electrocardiograph
  63. At least one wave and a straight line
    interval
  64. period from end of one wave to beggining of the next wave
    segement
  65. point of departure for electrical activity
    baseline
  66. What happens during P-R segement?
    time delay from AV node to AV bundles
  67. Expanding and recoiling of the arterial wall that can be palpated
    pulse
  68. What heart chamber is responsoble for the pulse wave?
    left ventricle
  69. Force of blood against inner artery walls
    blood pressure
  70. When is arterial pressure at it's maximum?
    systolic pressure, during left ventricle contraction
  71. When is arterial pressure at it's lowest?
    diastolic pressure, left ventricle is refilling with blood
  72. How is blood pressure measured?
    mm Hg(millimeters of mercury)
  73. What is a normal blood pressure reading?
    120/80 mm Hg
  74. What is used to measure blood pressure?
    sphygmomanometer

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