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Clear liquid part of the cytoplasm
Rough endoplasmic reticula
Smooth endoplasmic reticula
synthesize lipids and steroids
solely regulate calcium levels.
Generate most of the cell's supply of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
processes and packages proteins inside of the cell
and before they make their way to their destination; it is particularly important in the processing of proteins for secretion.
Forms a part of the cellular endomembrane system.
Contain digestive enzymes.
Break down bacteria and organic debris into usable substances like sugars and AAs
Similar to lysosomes.
Abundant in the liver.
Absorb and neutralize toxins, such as alcohol.
Component of the nucleus.
A tangle of chromosome filaments containing DNA
A non-membrane bound structure composed of proteins and nucleic acids found within the nucleus.
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is transcribed and assembled within the nucleolus.
Endocrine versus exocrine glands
: secrete hormones directly into the circulatory system
: secrete substances like sweat, saliva, mucus and digestive enzymes onto the epithelial surfaces
Endocrine / Paracrine / Autocrine / Synaptic signalling
: via hormones through the body
: secretion of chemical mediators that act only on nearby cells
: secretions that only affect the secreting cell
: via neurotransmitters