SMU Patho Part 1 Exam Ch 1

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tony1w
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127695
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SMU Patho Part 1 Exam Ch 1
Updated:
2012-01-13 20:37:08
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N520 Patho
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Terminology SMU ELMSN 2012
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  1. What is Etiology?
    Study of causes or reasons for phenomena

    Identifies causal factors acting in concert that provoke a particular disease or injury
  2. What does Idiopathic mean?
    The cause is unknow
  3. What does Iatrogenic mean?
    Causes results from unintended or unwanted medical treatment.
  4. What are Ris Factors?
    A factor that when present increases the likelihood or disesis.
  5. Pathogenesis?
    Development or evolution of disease, from initial stimulus to ultimate expression of manifestations of disease
  6. Stages and Clinical Course

    Latent period?
    time between exposure to first apperance of signs/ symptoms

    Also

    ref to the period during an illness when s&s temporarily become mild or silent
  7. Stages and Clinical Course

    Prodromal Period?
    time during whick first signs/sympt appear or onset of disease occures
  8. What are Symptoms?
    subjective feeling or abnormality in the body
  9. Signs?
    objective or observed manifestation of disease
  10. Syndrome?
    set of S&S not yet getermined to delineate a disease
  11. Stages and Clinical Course

    Subclinical stage
    patient functions normally; disease process are well established
  12. Stages and Clinical Course

    Acute clinical course?
    short lived; may have severe manifestation
  13. Stages and Clinical Course

    Chronic clinical course
    many last months to years, sometimes following acute course
  14. Stages and Clinical Course

    Exacerbation
    increase in severity, signs, or symptoms
  15. Stages and Clinical Course

    Remission
    decrease in severity, signs, or symptoms; may indicate disease is cured
  16. Stages and Clinical Course

    Convalescence?
    stage of recovery after a disease, injury, or surgical procedure
  17. Stages and Clinical Course

    Sequelae?
    subsequent pathologic condition resulting from an acute illness
  18. Epidemiology?
    study of the patterns of disease involving populations (to help predict where disease will be in 5 years)
  19. Endemic disease?
    native to local region
  20. Epidemic disease?
    Spread to many people at the same time
  21. Pandemic disease?
    spread to large geographic areas.
  22. Factors Affecting patterns or disease?
    • age
    • ethinc group
    • gender
    • SES/lifestyle considerations
    • Geographic location
  23. LEVELS OF PREVENTION

    Primary
    altering susceptibility; reducing exposure for susceptible persons.
  24. LEVELS OF PREVENTION

    Secondary?
    early detection, screening, and management of disease
  25. LEVELS OF PREVENTION

    Tertiary?
    rehabilitation, supportive care, reducing disability, and restoring effective functioning following disease

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