animal a&p 1

Card Set Information

Author:
codyrayh
ID:
127813
Filename:
animal a&p 1
Updated:
2012-01-14 22:28:21
Tags:
animal
Folders:

Description:
animal a&p
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user codyrayh on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. amino acid
    molecules that contain nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen and oxygen with an amine group (contains N) and a carboxylic group
  2. anatomy
    study of morphology or structure of an organism
  3. antibody
    y-shaped protiens produced by B lymphocytes in response of specific foreign antigens
  4. atom
    smallest unit of matter that has properties of an element
  5. carbohydrate
    organic compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen with a hydrogen to oxygen ratio of 2:1. same ratio as water
  6. cardiovascular system
    system that functions to carry nutrients and wast throughout body
  7. cell
    smallest unit of life that have necessary chemical functions that allow them to carry out specialized function
  8. cellular physiology
    study of chemical and physical functions of cell
  9. cellulose
    polysaccharide consisting of a large number of glucose units joined together by Beta 1-4 bonds and is a structural component of primary cell walls of green plants
  10. connective tissue
    group of tissue that functions to hold tissue together, provide support and protection
  11. covalent bond
    bonds where a pair of electrons are equally shared between 2 atoms
  12. cytology
    study of individual cell structure
  13. differentiation
    process occuring during embryonic development by which cells undergo a change toward a more specialized form of function
  14. digestive system
    system that functions include intake, digestion and absorption of dietary nutrients
  15. disaccharide
    carbohydrate composed of two simple sugars linked by a covalent bond
  16. double bond
    covalent bond in which two electron pairs are shared between 2 atoms. each atom contributes 2 electrons to the bond
  17. embryology
    study of structural changes of developing ebryo
  18. endocrine system
    system that functions to produce chemical messengers by glands that are carried by blood to target tissue where they elicit a responce
  19. enzyme
    complex protien molecules produced by living cells that catalyze or increase the rate of biochemical reactions
  20. epithelia tissue
    group of tissue that functions to provide protective covering for other tissue &or has glandular activity
  21. fat
    organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen that are insoluble in water. amount of O is much less then the amount of H
  22. fatty acid
    carboxlyic acid with a long unbranched aliphatic tail or chain containing 4 to 28 carbons and is a main constitute of vegetable oil and animal fats
  23. glucose
    six carbon single sugar and is the most common dietary energy source in farm animals
  24. glycerol
    a sweet, syrupy liquid obtained from animal fats and oils that is used as a solvent, sweetner, and antifreeze and in making explosives and soaps
  25. glycogen
    polysaccharide consisting of a large number of glucose units joined together by alpha 1-4 bonds, is a long term energy storage in animal cells and is made primarily by the liver and muscles
  26. histology
    study of tissue structure
  27. homeostasis
    regulation of internal environment to maintain a stable constant condition
  28. hormone
    chemical messengers secreted by endocrine glands in the body that aare carried via the blood to its target organ where it elicits a response
  29. hydrophilic
    water loving or polar compound that mixes readily with water
  30. hydrophobic
    water hating or nonpolar compound that does not mix readily with water
  31. immunoglobulin
    Y-shaped protiens produced by B lymphocytes in response to the presence of specific foreign antigens,
  32. lactose
    dissaccharide composed of one molecule of glucose and one moleclue of galactose linked by alpha 1-4 bonds
  33. lipids
    group of organic substances that are insoluble in water but are soluble in alcohol, ether, and other non polar solvents
  34. macroscopic anatomy
    gross anatamy or structure that can be observed with naked eye
  35. microscopic anatomy
    study of structure that that can be observed only with aid of microscope
  36. mineral
    inorganic nutrient needed in small amounts (grams or less) and are required for life
  37. molecule
    group of elements covalently bonded together to form chemical structure
  38. monosaccharide
    simplest form of carbohydrate, thus cannot be split into smaller units; one saccharide
  39. muscle tissue
    group of tissue that functions in movement and heat production
  40. muscular tissue
    system that functions in movement, posture and generates heat
  41. nervous system
    system that functions in allowing animal to interact with internal and external environment
  42. nervous tissue
    group of tissue that functions in signaling, control and integration of systems
  43. nutrient
    any chemical compound that aids in the support of life
  44. organ
    group of tissues (two or more) that perform a specific function or group of functions
  45. organ physiology
    study of chemical and physical function of organs
  46. peptide
    compounds containing two or more amino acids (50 or less) linked by the carboxyl group of one amino acid to the amino group of another
  47. peptide bond
    chemical bond between the amine group of 1 amino acid and the carboxylic group of another amino acid
  48. physiology
    study of function, both the physical and chemical, of animal body and/or any of its parts
  49. polysaccharide
    polymeric carbohydrae structures, formed of repeating units of mono- or disaccharides that often have distinct properties from their monosaccharide building blocks
  50. protien
    naturally-occuring complex molecules containing nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, and sometimes sulphur or phosphorus; they are made up of complex combinations of amino acids linked by peptide bonds
  51. regional anatomy
    study of structure of defined region
  52. reproductive system
    system that functions to produce male and female gametes for production of offspring
  53. respiratory system
    system that functions to provide O2 and remove CO2 from cells
  54. saccharide
    any of a series of sweet tasting, crystalline carbohydrates
  55. simple sugar
    simplest form of carbohydrate, thus cannot be split into smaller units; one saccharide
  56. skeletal system
    system that functions in support, protection, and movement and important in blood cell formation and mineral storage
  57. starch
    polysaccharide consisting of large number of glucose units joined together by alpha 1-4 bonds and is produced by all green plants as an energy store
  58. sucrose
    disaccharide composed of one molecule of glucose and one molecule of fructose linked by alpha 1-5 bond
  59. system
    group of organs that are organized together to perform a specific function
  60. system physiology
    study of chemical and physical function of system
  61. systemic anatomy
    study of structure of given organ system
  62. tissue
    group of cells having common structure and function that together carry out a specific function
  63. triglyceride
    ester derived from combining glycerol and three fatty fatty acids and is the main constituent of vegetable oil and animal fats
  64. urinary system
    system that functions to eliminate metabolic waste and maintain fluid and electolyte balance
  65. vitamin
    organic nutrients required in very small amounts to provide for specific vitamin functions in a body
  66. water
    chemical molecule contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms connected by covalent bonds that is an essential nutrient for farm animals

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview