Diltiazem/Cardiazem

Card Set Information

Author:
Malvarez
ID:
127966
Filename:
Diltiazem/Cardiazem
Updated:
2012-01-15 15:54:40
Tags:
Diltiazem Cardiazem
Folders:

Description:
Type of drug; Calcium channel blocker, antiarrhythmic
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  1. Mechanism of Action;
    Inhibits calcium ion influx across cell membrane during cardiac depolarization; decreases conduction velocity and ventricular rate; produces relaxation of coronary vascular smooth muscle, slows AV node conduction
  2. Indications;
    Atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, PSVT ·
  3. Contraindications & Precautions;
    Contraindications; 2nd or 3rd degree block, hypotension (SBP <90), AMI.
  4. Precautions; CHF, hypotension.
  5. Route and Dosage;
    0.25 mg/kg bolus over 2 min.; may repeat at 0.35 mg/kg after 15 min. (avg initial dose 25 mg) ·
  6. Adverse reactions and side effects;
    heart block, hypotension, bradycardia, CHF.

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