L2 Basic Word Roots Prefixes and Suffixes

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Author:
fmrogers1997
ID:
128034
Filename:
L2 Basic Word Roots Prefixes and Suffixes
Updated:
2012-01-15 17:39:08
Tags:
Medical Terminology
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Description:
Terminology breakdown
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  1. Word Roots
    (combining forms) Usually they indicate the body part involved.
  2. Suffixes
    typically represent the disorder, disease, condition, or procedure. A suffix always comes at the end of the word.
  3. Prefixes
    generally indicate number, time, location or status. A prefix always comes at the beginning of the word.
  4. "Pertaining to" suffixes
    -ac -al -ar -ary -eal -ical -ic -ine -ior -ory -ous -tic
  5. Suffixes as Noun Endings
    -a -e -y -um -us
  6. "Abnormal Condition" suffixes
    -ago -esis -iasis -ia -ion -ism -osis
  7. Suffixes related to Pathology

    -algia
    means pain and suffering
  8. Suffixes related to Pathology

    -dynia
    means pain
  9. Suffixes related to Pathology

    -itis
    means inflammation
  10. Suffixes related to Pathology

    -malacia
    means abnormal softening
  11. Suffixes related to Pathology

    -megaly
    means enlargement
  12. Suffixes related to Pathology

    -necrosis
    means tissue death
  13. Suffixes related to Pathology

    -orrhagia
    means burst forth, hemorrhage
  14. Suffixes related to Pathology

    -orrhea
    means dischard, flowing
  15. Suffixes related to Pathology

    -sclerosis
    means abnormal hardening
  16. Suffixes related to Pathology

    -stenosis
    means abnormal narrowing
  17. Suffixes related to procedures

    -centesis
    means to surgically puncture to remove excess fluid
  18. Suffixes related to procedures

    -ectomy
    means to surgically remove
  19. Suffixes related to procedures

    -graphy
    means the process of recording
  20. Suffixes related to procedures

    -gram
    means picture or record
  21. Suffixes related to procedures

    -lysis
    means to loosen, free, or destroy
  22. Suffixes related to procedures

    -orrhaphy
    means repair, close, suture
  23. Suffixes related to procedures

    -plasty
    means to repair surgically
  24. Suffixes related to procedures

    -scopy
    means to visually examine
  25. Suffixes related to procedures
    -stomy
    means to form an opening
  26. Contrasting Prefixes

    Sub-
    less, under or below
  27. Contrasting Prefixes

    Supra-
    excessive or above
  28. Inter-
    between or among
  29. Contrasting Prefixes

    Intra-
    within or inside
  30. Contrasting Prefixes

    Hyper-
    over or above, excessive or increased
  31. Contrasting Prefixes

    Hypo-
    below, decreased or deficient
  32. Contrasting Prefixes

    Dys-
    bad, painful, or difficult
  33. Contrasting Prefixes

    Eu-
    good, normal or easy
  34. Contrasting Prefixes

    Ab-
    away from
  35. Contrasting Prefixes

    Ad-
    in the direction of, toward
  36. Prefixes Related to Number

    Uni-,mono
    one, single
  37. Prefixes Related to Number

    primi-
    first
  38. Prefixes Related to Number

    Bi-,di-
    double, two
  39. Prefixes Related to Number

    Tri-
    three
  40. Prefixes Related to Number

    Quadr/i-,tetra-
    four
  41. Prefixes Related to Number

    hemi-,semi-
    half
  42. Prefixes Related to Number

    Multi-
    multiple
  43. Prefixes Related to Number

    Poly-
    many
  44. Prefixes Related to Number

    Olig/o
    scant, few
  45. Prefixes Related to Number

    Pan-
    all
  46. Prefixes Denoting Color

    Alb/o-
    white
  47. Prefixes Denoting Color

    Chlor/o-
    green
  48. Prefixes Denoting Color

    Cyan/o
    blue
  49. Prefixes Denoting Color

    Erythr/o
    red
  50. Prefixes Denoting Color

    Leuk/o
    white
  51. Prefixes Denoting Color

    Melan/o
    black
  52. Prefixes Denoting Color

    Purpur-
    purple
  53. Prefixes Denoting Color

    Rube-
    red
  54. Prefixes Denoting Color

    Xanth/o
    yellow
  55. Commonly Used Prefixes

    a-, an-
    no, not, without
  56. Commonly Used Prefixes

    ante-
    before
  57. Commonly Used Prefixes

    anti-, contra-
    against
  58. Commonly Used Prefixes

    aut-
    self
  59. Commonly Used Prefixes

    de-
    down, without
  60. Commonly Used Prefixes

    dia-, per-, trans-
    complete, through
  61. Commonly Used Prefixes

    endo-
    within
  62. Commonly Used Prefixes

    ec-, ecto-
    out, outside
  63. Commonly Used Prefixes

    exo-
    outside, away from
  64. Commonly Used Prefixes

    hetero-
    other, different
  65. Commonly Used Prefixes

    homo-
    same, unchanging
  66. Commonly Used Prefixes

    mes/o-
    middle
  67. Commonly Used Prefixes

    macro-, mega-
    large (abnormally)
  68. Commonly Used Prefixes

    micro-
    small
  69. Commonly Used Prefixes

    neo-
    new
  70. Commonly Used Prefixes

    normo-
    normal
  71. Commonly Used Prefixes

    peri-
    around
  72. Commonly Used Prefixes

    pre-, pro
    before
  73. Commonly Used Prefixes

    poikilo-
    varied, irregular
  74. Commonly Used Prefixes

    post-
    after, behind
  75. Commonly Used Prefixes

    pseudo-
    false
  76. Commonly Used Prefixes

    re-
    back, again
  77. Commonly Used Prefixes

    retro-
    behind
  78. Commonly Used Prefixes

    sub-
    under, below
  79. Commonly Used Prefixes

    syn-, sym-
    together
  80. Commonly Used Prefixes

    tel/e, tel/o
    end
  81. Commonly Used Prefixes

    trans-
    across, through
  82. Commonly Used Prefixes

    dextr/o
    right
  83. Commonly Used Prefixes

    sinister/o
    left

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