Card Set Information
When did the Decleration of Independence become law?
July 4 1776
Where was the declaration of independence witten?
name 3 ualienable rights
Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
if government becomes distructive, what can the people do?
Alter or abolish it and institute a new one.
what are the 27 complaints about the king known as?
Statement of charges
what is the name of the war betwen the u.s and england?
preamble give 6 reasons to make the constitution
1)cooperation among states, between states and national gov.
2)system of gov based on fair laws that are equal
3)give peace and order
4)protect the nation against foreign enemies
5)ensure well being of citizens
the main body of the constitution has how many articles?
how many amendments are there presently?
the first ten amendments are known as?
the bill of rights
in federal gov. the power is split up between what 3 groups?
Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
what is seperation of powers?
what is checks and balance?
allows each branch to check or limit each of the other branches
Article 1 is also known as
establishment of the legislative branch
law making body is divided into 2 houses which are..
House and Senate
a member from the House has how many year terms?
2 year terms
3 qualifications to be a member the the House are.
25 years old
7 year resident
how many representatives make up the house?
a state receives its total number of represenatives based on what?
what is the title of the person who runs the House?
Speaker of the House
who elects the Leader of the House?
a formal charge of wrong doing against the president or other public officials
who has the power to impeach?
how many members in Senate?
term of office for U.s. Senator?
6 year term
how many senators are up for election every 2 years?
3 qualifications to be a u.s. senator
1) u.s. citizen
2) 30 years old
3)must live in state
Illinois senators are
Dick Durbin and Mark kirk
who is the presidng officer of the senate?
VP Joe Biden
the minimum requirement of numbers for the House to conduct legal buisness.
all revenue bills (money bills) must start in which house?
Reject a bill.
congress must have how much of the vote in each house in order to override a veto?
2/3 vote from each house
define pocket veto
president keeps bill in his pocket and doesnt respond for it.
define expressed powers
congress has specific powers listed in section 8.
which court does the us constitution list?
who has the soul power to declare war?
the power to coin money belongs to who?
Congress and House
Article 2 created which branch of gov.?
whats the primary purpose of the Executive Branch?
the power to carry out laws
who has the title of the head of the Executive Branch?
president of the U.S.
according to amendment 22, the max amount of years a president can serve is?
qualifications for the executive branch are..?
1) American born citizen
2)35 years old
who are the 3 runner ups if the president must leave office?
1) Vice president
2) Speaker of the House
3) President pro term
how many electoral votes does a president need to win an election?
when is the presidential election held?
the first tuesday in November every 4 years.
when does the pres take office. which amendment says this?
january 20th at 12:00 pm Amendment 23
7 major duties of the president are:
head of state
commander in chief
article 3 created which branch of government?
whats the judicial branches job?
TO INTERPRET LAWS
3 federal courts aree
which court was established by the constitution
how many justices are on the U.S. supreme court?
How are the supreme court justices chosen?
by the president
what is the term of office for a federal judge?
life, with good behavior
qualifications for a federal judge
freedom from bias commitment to equal justice
how many people are in a petite jury?
define grand jury?
a type of jury that weighs evidence and determines wether trial is warranted or not
three options the court of appeals has are..
can reverse the lower courts decision-reject
order a new trial
reverse a trial
what is meant by jurisdiction
the right of a court to hear a case
which court has original jurisdiction?