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What were the 3 main causes of World war 2?
1. Treaty of Versailles, demanded lots of money, troops, ships and land from Germany which made Germans want revenge
2. Failure of the League of Nations and the rise of Fasceism
Why didn't the United States join the League of Nations?
The american policy was isolationism, and they didn't want to get involved with the other countries.
What were 3 examples of the Failure of the League of Nations and the rise of Fascism?
1931- Japan attacks Manchira
1935 - Benito Mussolini attacks Abyssinia
- Hitler's rise to power
When and why did Japan attack Manchira?
- To gain natural resources and expand its territory.
What did the League of Nations plan to do to agressor countries?
Boycott trade or use force.
When and why did Benito Mussolini attack Abyssinia?
Wanted to create another roman empire.
What were 6 reasons for appeasement?
- 1. Great Depression
- 2. Avoiding war
- 3. Anti-sentimism
- 4. Fear of Communism
- 5. Sympathy after Treaty of Versailles
- 6. Isolationism
When was Hitler appointed Chancellor?
When did hitler-remilitarize the Rhineland?
When did Austria and Germany unite, and what was it called?
When and what was the Munich agreement?
1938 - And agreement between Britain and Germany that Germany could have the Sudatenland in Chzechoslovakia is he makes no more demands.
When did hitler make an alliance?
How did the war begin?
The Nazis and USSR attacked Russia, then the Allies declared war on the Axis.
What war technique did the Nazis use?
blitzkreig, "lightning war." Attacks that are quick and forceful
What is the Luftwaffe?
What are panzers?
When was the Phony was?
Oct 1939 - Apr, 1940
What does "sitzkreig" mean?
What were some early axis victories?
Apr 1940 - Nazis take Denmark and Norway
May 1940 - Nazis take Belgium and Holland
Jun 1940 - Nazis take France
What 2 parts was France divided into?
Vichy France and German France
When and what was the miracle of Dunkirk?
1940, Troops rescued from the English channel, Hitler's major Blunder was letting them escape
Who was the prime minister of Britian before 1940 and who replaced him?
Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill replaced him
Who was prime minister of Canada during WW2?
What and when was the battle of Britian?
Summer 1940, an air fight between the RAF and the Luftwaffe.
Who won the Battle of Britian?
When did Hitler invade Russia?
What technique did the USSR use when germany was invading?
"Scorched earth" technique, destroy things that could be useful to Germans
When and where did Japan attack america?
Dec 1941, Pearl Harbour
Why did Japan attack america?
Japan wanted imperialism and america stopped exports to Japan
What did the Pearl Harbour attack cause?
It caused America to join the war.
When was the Battle of Hong Kong?
Who was involved in the Battle of Hong Kong?
Japan v.s. Canada and China
Who won the Battle of Hong Kong?
What happened to Canadians after they lost the Battle of Hong Kong?
They were sent to POW camps with lots of work and bad conditions.
Where did Russia defeat Germany?
When and what was the Dieppe raid?
Aug 1942, it was a small test attack for the allies to see if they take France back.
Who won the Dieppe raid?
Germany, by far.
When was the Holocaust?
What were the Nuremburg Laws?
Laws in Germany that took away jewish rights.
When was the Battle of the atlantic?
Who was a german admiral in the Battle of the Atlantic?
What strategy did germany use in the battle of the atlantic?
Wolf pack strategy, mass attacks on britian
What was the Battle of the Atlantic?
Convoys vs. u-boats
When did the tides turn?
When was D-day?
June 6 1944
Where was D-day?
Beaches of Normandy, France
What was the Manhatten project and who was the leader?
A group of scientists who created the atomic bomb lead by Robert J. Oppenheimer.
When was Hiroshima and Nagasaki?
Aug 6 and 9
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