AP History Ch 16

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ellengson
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128195
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AP History Ch 16
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2012-01-16 15:30:07
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History ch 16
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  1. Harsha?
    • Buddhist
    • Generous to other faiths
    • Kind, built hospitals and distributed wealth
    • High reputation
    • Temporarily restored unified rule, but not permanantly
  2. Mahmud of Ghazi?
    • leader of turks in Afghanistan
    • 17 expeditions
    • annexed several states in northwestern India
    • intolerant to other religions
    • Demolished Buddhist and Hindu faiths
    • Established mosques and Islamic shrines
    • Developed into Sultunate of Delphi
  3. Shankara?
    • southern Indian devotee of Shiva
    • harmonized Hindu into a single consistent system
    • worshipper of Shiva
    • disciplined logical reasoning, not emotion
  4. Ramanuja?
    • Devotee of Vishnu
    • Challenged Shankara's uncompromising insistence on logic
    • Brahmin philosopher from Southern India
    • Intellectual understanding of Ultimate reality was less important then personal union or devotion
    • Followed Bhagavad Gita- devotion to Vishnu
  5. Guru Kabir?
    • Blind weaver
    • Most famous, Bhakti teacher
    • taught Shiva, Vishnu, Allah= one diety
  6. Cosmos Indicopleustes?
    Christian monk from Egypt
  7. Gupta Kingdom:
    • Decline due to nomadic invaders (like Han and Roman Empire)
    • Turkish Mughals took over dividing until 16th century: Northern India and Southern India
  8. Northern India
    • turbulent politics
    • local states
    • constant tension among regional kingdoms
    • nomadic Turks pushed way into society
  9. Southern India
    • small loosley admin. states
    • escaped disastourous stateline north was in
    • less conflict
    • politically divided, but relative peaceful
  10. Harsha Kingdom
    • centralized imperial rule restored
    • unified rule in Northern India
    • Decline:Local rulers established authority, Harsha assasined and no heir
  11. Sind
    • Indus River valley in Northwestern India
    • Conquered by Arab Muslims as expanding Umayyad empire
    • Muslim Merchants formed communities in all major coastal regions of India
    • Migration and invasion of Turkish speaking peoples from central Asia
    • Brought Islam to India
  12. Sulktanate of Delphi
    • Capital= Delphi
    • Decentralized
    • Ruled at least 3 centuries
    • secure place of faith in India
    • Greatest expansion of Muslim in India
  13. Chola Kingdom
    • conquerd Ceylon at high point
    • Larger Kingdom
    • Not tight centralized state
    • local autonomy strong
    • Navy dominated waters in South China to Arabian Sea
    • Decline: Revolts erupted, did not collapse, but decreased in size, expolsion of Chola officials
  14. Buzurg ibn Shahriyar
    • Shipmaster
    • Wrote The Book of Wonders of India
  15. Government India
    • flourished due to cultural aspects
    • not large scale centralized states
    • isolated large kingdoms in North and South
    • small regional kingdoms + autonomy states
    • Gupta, Delphi Sultanate, Chola, Vijayanagar= decentralized
  16. South=?
    North=?
    • South= Hindu
    • North= Islam
  17. Hindu Temples
    • Social and economic centers
    • School
    • Large land, employed people
    • Temple admin. maintained order
    • Delivered taxes
    • Served as bankers
  18. Buddhism + Jainism =
    Hinduism + Islam =
    • Buddhism + Jainism = decline
    • Hinduism + Islam = dominated in India
  19. Kingdom of Vijayanagar
    • 2nd state dominated much of southern India
    • Northern Deccan
    • Did not create hostility between Muslims and Hindus
    • Renounced Islam in 1336 and returned to Hindu faith
  20. Kingdom of Axum
    • Christian Empire
    • Resisted pressures from Islam
    • controlled Adulis = most prominent port of Red Sea
    • Maintained independence
  21. Angkor
    • capital city= Angkor Thorn
    • influence of Indian tradition
    • city= microcosmic reflection of Hindu world over
    • Buddhism in 12th and 13th century
    • largest kingdo in southeast Asia
    • Melaka= private state, then a legitamate state, Islamic state
  22. cambay
    most important trading port in India
  23. Monsoons
    • rains in spring and summer
    • irrigation was crucial
    • southwest= warm and rain
    • northwest= winter and fall
    • no rivers in the south
  24. North=
    South=
    • N= war, wet
    • S= economic growth, irrigation needed due to dry weather
  25. Dhows=
    Junks=
    • Ships in Indian Ocean...
    • D= India, Persia, Arab
    • J= China
  26. Migration of Islam put pressure on trade. T or F
    True
  27. Jati
    • subcastes
    • powerful guilds of merchants
    • caste becomes basis of social organization in southern India
  28. Indian Influence of Southeast Asia
    • brought faith
    • adapted some indian political tradition
    • states sponsered hinduism and Buddhism
    • showed no interest in indian caste system
  29. Funan
    • adopted Hinduism
    • first state known to reflect indian influence
    • sanskrit= language
    • Decline: power struggle, nothern people migrated and overwhelmed
  30. Sririjaya
    • island of sumatra
    • powerful navy + controlled commerce
    • Chola Kingdom lead to decline
    • levied taxes on ships
  31. Bhakati Movements
    • spread to north
    • syncretism

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