Principles of Behavior: Reinforcement

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  1. ABA
    Applied Behavior Analysis
  2. Behavior definition
    1) What people do and say

    2) can be observed and measured

    3) impacts the environment

    4) is bound by laws
  3. Founder of modern behaviorism = 'Experimental Analysis'
    B.F. Skinner
  4. Variables that affect behavior/ laws of bx
    1) Operant conditioning

    2) Reinforcement

    3) Punishment, etc.

    used to solve socially significant problems with people = field of ABA
  5. ABA definition
    • Applied Behavior Analysis =
    • the application of behavior laws to change socially significant behavior to a meaningful degree
  6. ABA can be used to teach skills in what populations?
    • 1) Autism
    • 2) Animal Training
    • 3) Education
    • 4) Business
    • 5) Health and Fitness
  7. Defining characteristics of ABA
    • 1) focuses on socially significant bx
    • 2) Uses procedures based on principles of behavior
    • 3) Emphasizes on analyzing environmental events that relate to the behavior
    • 4) Provides specific behavior planning
    • 5) Plans are implemented by people in the natural environment
    • 6) Measurement is used to document behavior change
  8. Reinforcement definition
    • an event following a bx which = increases the bx
    • *can be positive/ or negative reinforcement
  9. Punishment definition
    • Event following bx which decreases that bx
    • *can be = positive/ or negative punishment
  10. Postive definition
    • something was added +
  11. Negative
    something was removed -
  12. Three questions to ask when determining if it's: Reinforcement/ or Punishment =
    1) What behavior changed?

    2) Did the bx increase +/ or decrease -?

    3) After the behavior occurred, was something added+/ or taken away-?
  13. Positive Reinforcement definition
    when an occurrence of behavior is followed by the addition of a reinforcer which results in increased bx
  14. Reinforcer
    an event that follows a behavior and increases the rate of the behavior.
  15. Negative Reinforcement
    Removal of an aversive stimulus that INCREASES the rate of a behavior

    • The occurrence of the behavior is followed by the reduction or termination of results in the likelihood of the behavior occurring again

    .• The Behavior increases due to escape and avoidance
Card Set
Principles of Behavior: Reinforcement
Reinforcement, Positive, Negative
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