Mrt 255

Card Set Information

Author:
marlasherman
ID:
128307
Filename:
Mrt 255
Updated:
2012-01-16 20:57:09
Tags:
Fractures
Folders:

Description:
Types of fractures
Show Answers:

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  1. Open or Compound
    One which the bone has penetrated the skin providing a route for bacteria to enter and cause infection
  2. Closed or Simple
    Bone has penetrated the skin providing a route for bacteria to enter and cause infection
  3. Undisplaced
    fracture without angulation or separation
  4. Displaced
    Fracture with angulation and or separation
  5. Comminuted
    bone separates into three or more fragments
  6. Incomplete
    Fracture with opposite cortex
  7. Transverse
    Fracture is at right angles to long axis of the bone
  8. Linear or Longitudinal
    Fracture parallel to long axis of the bone (lenghwise)
  9. Oblique
    Fracture runs obliquely 45 in relatio to long axis of the bone
  10. Compression
    bone surfaces are forced against each other causing fracture(ie verebrae)
  11. Spiral
    • From torsion or twisting of bone excessively
    • extends in a oblique direction
    • Longer than an oblique fracture and encircles the shaft
  12. Impacted
    The fracture end of bone is driven into another
  13. Avulsion
    • Small bone fragment torn off bony prominence at the site of a musle orgin
    • (ankles)
  14. Stress or fatigue fracture
    • Occurs as a result of an abnormal degree of reptitive trauma
    • Occurs at sites of maximal strain on a bone.
  15. Pathological
    Occurs in an area of weaknes in bone caused by disease, tumor or infection ( most common cause is metastatic spread to the bone)

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