TCM Theory & Points.txt

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TCM Theory & Points.txt
2012-01-17 18:54:31
TCM Theory Points

TCM Theory and Points
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  1. ´╗┐Lung 11 Location
    Lower corner of thumbnail, radial side.
  2. Lung 9 Location
    In wrist crease, radial side, between radial pulse and pollicus longus tendon.
  3. Lung 1 Location
    6 cun lateral to midline in first intercostal space, inferior to Lung 2.
  4. Knots the qi
    worry/pensiveness (relates to spleen)
  5. Chaotic; scatters qi
    fright/shock (relates to kidney & heart)
  6. Slows, scatters qi
    joy/elation (relates to heart)
  7. Makes qi descend
    fear (relates to kidney)
  8. Qi weakens/dissipates
    sadness/grief (relates to lung & spleen)
  9. Makes qi rise/ascend
    anger (relates to liver)
  10. What are the 7 Emotions?
    anger, worry/pensiveness, sadness, fear, joy/elation, and fright/shock
  11. What is the basic flow of Yang qi?
    Extremities to the head/face
  12. What is the basic flow of Yin qi?
    Chest to extremities
  13. Name the 6 Divisions...
    Tai yang, Shao yang, Yang Ming, Tai yin, Shao yin, Jue yin
  14. Ren Mai is also known as what?
    The Conception Vessel
  15. Du Mai is also known as what?
    The Governing Vessel
  16. What organs are related to "wood"?
    Gall Bladder and Liver
  17. What organs are related to "fire"? (soveriegn)
    Heart and Small Intestine
  18. What organs are related to "fire"? (ministral)
    Pericardium and San Jiao (Triple Warmer)
  19. What organs are related to "water"?
    Urinary Bladder and Kidney
  20. What organs are related to "earth"?
    Stomach and Spleen
  21. What organs are related to "metal"?
    Lung and Liver
  22. Name the 5 Yang organs
    Large Intestine, Small Intestine (and San Jiao), Stomach, Gall Bladder, and Urinary Bladder
  23. Name the 5 Yin organs
    Lung, Heart & Pericardium, Spleen, Liver, and Kidney
  24. How does qi flow through the body? (organ to organ)
    LU - LI - ST - SP - HT - SI - UB - KD - PC - SJ - GB - LV - LU
  25. Name the 4 functions of qi
    1) Protects the body
  26. 2) Transports qi & blood (integrates the whole body and its parts)
  27. 3) Conducts qi to diseased areas (via point stimulation)
  28. 4) Responds to disfunction
  29. What are the 5 Vital Substances?
    1) Qi (Yang)
  30. 2) Blood (Yin)
  31. 3) Body Fluids
  32. 4) Essence (Jing)
  33. 5) Spirit (Shen)
  34. What are the 8 Principles and what do they signify?
    Interior/Exterior : Location
  35. Cold/Heat : Nature of
  36. Deficiency/Excess : Strength
  37. Yin/Yang : Yin - evil vs. righteous qi; yang - moves moisture, retreats in Fall.
  38. Damp
    swelling, numbness, and/or heaviness, usually in the lower body
  39. Cold
    sever pain; fixed location; better with heat/warmth. "feelings of cold"
  40. Wind
    imprecise, migratory pain; difficult to treat; usually in upper body. "Cause of 100 Diseases"
  41. Heat
    redness; hot to touch. "feelings of heat" *wind/cold/damp + time = Heat*
  42. Bi Syndrome
    Painful Obstruction : stiffness, pain, swelling, redness, heat sensation, immobility, numbness, cold sensation
  43. Underlying Factors of Bi Syndrome
    Overwork, poor nutrition, strong external pathogenic factors, unrelsolved previous trauma, elderly, emotional factors
  44. Treatment Factors for Bi Syndrome
    Expel Pathogens
  45. Relieve qi and blood stagnation
  46. Tonify underlying deficiencies
  47. Define Disk Herniation
    Nucleus herniates w/in disk
  48. Define Partial Protrusion (disk herniation)
    some of nucleas pulposae exudes into foraminal space
  49. Define Complete Herniation (disk herniation)
    disk collapses and nucleus pulposae exudes into foraminal space
  50. In the Five Spirits, Anger causes what?
    dizziness, chest congestion, bitter taste, and diarrhea
  51. In the Five Spirits, Sadness/Grief causes what?
    breathlessness, tiredness, depression
  52. In the Five Spirits, Joy/Elations causes what?
    mental confusion (i.e. mania)
  53. In the Five Spirits, Worry/Pensiveness causes what?
    digestive disorders, tiredness, poor appetitie, loose stools, and stiff shoulders/neck
  54. In the Five Spirits, Fear causes what?
    loss of bladder and/or bowel control
  55. In the Five Spirits, Fright/Shock causes what?
    palpations, insomnia, and breathlessness
  56. Large Intestine 1 Location
    Radial side of index finger at the corner of the nail
  57. Large Intestine 4 Location
    In the meat of the web between the thumb and index finger.
  58. Large Intestine 10 Location
    Radial side of forearm, 2 cun distal of LI 11.
  59. Large Intestine 11 Location
    Radial side of forearm at the end of the cubital (elbow) crease.
  60. Large Intestine 20 Location
    In the depression next to the nostril.
  61. Stomach 1 Location
    Directly under pupil of the eye, just above the lower edge of the eye socket. (small divot)
  62. Stomach 3 Location
    Approximately 1 cun lateral to LI 20, directly under pupil of the eye.
  63. Stomach 36 Location
    3 cun from bottom of the patella on lateral side of tibia.
  64. Stomach 45 Location
    Lateral side of second toe just behind the nail.
  65. Pain in excess is describe as:
    sharp, localized, intense, acute
  66. Pain in deficiency is describe as:
    dull, achy, diffused, vague, chronic
  67. Lack of nourishment leads to...
  68. Finish: Where there is pain, there is no free flow;
    Where there is no free flow, there is pain.
  69. Qi stagnation (from trauma) is described as:
    dull, vague, less material, stagnant/deficient
  70. Blood stasis is described as:
    sharp, fixed location, material, congealed, static
  71. Summer Heat
    damp and cold combined
  72. Exogenous Factors affect what?
    the Vital Substances
  73. Vital Substances are defined by what?
    8 Principles
  74. What are the 4 Pillars of Examination used for?
    Method for diagnosing
  75. What are the 4 Pillars of Examination?
    1)Looking/Inspecting 2)Listening/Smelling (auscultation)
  76. 3)Inquiry/Questioning 4)Palpation (touch/feeling)
  77. What does S.O.A.P. stand for?
  78. Objective
  79. Assessment
  80. Plan
  81. In the 4 Pillars of Examination, Looking/Inspection is of what 5 general sections?
    1)Vitality 2)Physical Appearance 3)Head 4)Face
  82. 5)Body
  83. In the 4 Pillars of Examination, Vitality includes what?
    eyes, posture, skin/complexion, spirit, facial experience, mind, speech patterns, physical actions/movement, hair, 'normal color & guest color'
  84. In the 4 Pillars of Examination, Physical Appearance includes what?
    solid/weak, posture & movement, forced posture (hunched back, emphazyma chest), abnormal movement (tics, tremors, spasms)
  85. In the 4 Pillars of Examinaion, what are you noticing about the head?
    shape of head
  86. hair (dry, balding, grey, etc.)
  87. In the 4 Pillars of Examination, what are you looking at in the face?
    edema; puffiness; whites of the eyes, abnormal movements (twitches, tracking) of the eyes; ear color, excretions; nose color, discharges, swelling, "orange peel"; lip color, mobility, dryness; teeth/gums color, dryness, "stone", receding gumline.
  88. In the 4 Pillars of Examination, what are you looking at on the tongue?
    coating color, thickness, moisture, and distribution; coating mobility/character; rooting of coating; peeling
  89. In the 4 Pillars of Examination, what are you looking for in the throat?
    redness; inflammation; white spots
  90. In the 4 Pillars of Examination, what are you looking for on the neck?
    color, mobility, cracking/popping
  91. In the 4 Pillars of Examination, what are you noticing about the chest?
    movement with respiration; depth
  92. In the 4 Pillars of Examination, what are you looking at on the abdomen?
    swelling, shape, color
  93. In the 4 Pillars of Examination, what are you looking at on the lumbar region?
    appearance, color, mobility, curvature
  94. In the 4 Pillars of Examination, what are you looking at on the 4 limbs?
    color, mobility, skin condition/complexion
  95. In the 4 Pillars of Examination, what are you noticing about the body overall?
    color, shape, movement, texture/complexion, quality (old, dried, etc.)
  96. According to Chinese medicine, what causes the coating on the tongue?
    steam and heat of the stomach
  97. In the 4 Pillars of Examination, what is auscultation?
    listening to the sounds of the internal organs, usually with a stethescope
  98. In the 4 Pillars of Examination, besides auscultation, what else should you listen to?
    patients voice quality (soft, clear, phlegmy, etc.); breathing, coughing, vomiting, belching, sighing
  99. In the 4 Pillars of Examination, what are some symptoms you should inquire about?
    chills/fever? sweating (easily, constantly, none)? pain location and severity. Palpitations; swelling; numbness; vision; dizzyness; thirst. Hearing (ringing; diminished). Sleep quality, quantity, and dreams. Appetite; any unusual tastes in mouth. Defecation/urination: how often, smell, color. Increased/decreased sexual drive. FEMALES: menstrual function:too short/long; pain; bleeding in between cycles; no cycles/not many
  100. In the 4 Pillars of Examination, what are you palpating?
    pulse(s): no touch, light, moderate, deep
  101. temperature: hot/cold, warm
  102. Texture: scaly, smooth, etc.
  103. strength of tissue: mushy; dense
  104. moisture: dry; greasy; sweaty
  105. In the 4 Pillars of Examination, what are you noticing about the pulse?
    locaton, frequency, smoothness, tension, length, strength, width, and rhythm
  106. Small Intestine 1 Location
    inside (lateral) corner of the nail on the 5th (little) finger
  107. Small Intestine 10 Location
    at lateral end of scapula spine (inferior to acromion process), above the armpit crease
  108. Small Intestine 11 Location
    1/3 the distance beween the inferior scapula border and the scapula spine
  109. Small Intestine 19 Location
    in front of the ear opening, at jaw hinge
  110. Qi is _____; blood is ______.
    Yang; yin
  111. The heart ______ blood; it is responsible for_______.
    governs; blood circulation
  112. The spleen ______ blood; it ensures ____________.
    makes; that blood remains in the blood vessels
  113. The liver _______ blood; it nourishes ____________.
    stores; sinews, moistens eyes, and regulates the uterus.
  114. Qi commands ________.
  115. Blood is ________.
    The mother of Qi
  116. Blood nourishes _______.
    body fluids
  117. Body Fluids __________ blood.
  118. Qi _________ body fluids.
    transforms, tranports, and holds
  119. Body Fluids ________ Qi.
  120. Liver blood _______/______ Essence.
  121. Kidney essence _______ blood.
  122. Lungs _______ body fluids.
  123. Spleen _____,______ body fluids.
    transforms, transports
  124. Kidney _______,________,_______ body fluids.
    transforms, separates, and excretes
  125. San Jiao _______,_______,______ body fluids.
    transforms, transports, and excretes
  126. Stomach is _____________ of body fluids.
    the origin
  127. Urinary bladder __________ body fluids.
  128. Jing's (essence's) major organ is __________.
  129. Qi's major organ is _____________.
  130. Blood's major organ is _________.
  131. Body Fluids major organ is __________.
  132. Shen's (spirit's) major organ is __________.
  133. Fire generates ________.
  134. Earth generates _______.
  135. Metal generates _______.
  136. Water generates ________.
  137. Wood generates _________.
  138. Fire controls ________.
  139. Metal controls ________.
  140. Wood controls _______.
  141. Earth controls ________.
  142. Water controls ________.
  143. Fire tastes ________ and smells _______.
    bitter; scorched
  144. Earth tastes _______ and smells _______.
  145. Metal tastes ________ and smells ________.
    pungent; rotten
  146. Water tastes ________ and smells ________.
    salty; putrid
  147. Wood tastes _______ and smells _________.
    sour; rancid
  148. What direction is Fire?
  149. What direction is Metal?
  150. What direction is Water?
  151. What direction is Wood?
  152. What direction is Earth?
  153. The season of wood is ________.
  154. The season of fire is ______.
  155. The season for Earth is _______.
  156. The season for Metal is ________.
  157. The season for Water is __________.
  158. Green is associated with what organs and element?
    Liver and gall bladder; wood
  159. Red is associated with what organs and element?
    Heart and small intestine; fire
  160. Yellow is associated with what organs and element?
    Spleen and stomach; earth
  161. White is associated with what organs and element?
    Lung and large intestine; metal
  162. Black is associated with what organs and element?
    Kidney and bladder; water