AP PSYC #5
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What 2 communication systems run through the body?
- nervous system
- endocrine system
what are the 2 parts of the nervous system?
- central nervous system
- peripheral nervous system
what are the 2 parts of the centeral nervous system?
Brain and the spinal cord
What are the two parts of the peripheral nervous system?
- Somatic nervous system
- Autonomic nervous system
What are the two parts of the autonomic nervous system?
- sympathetic nervous system
- parasympathetic nervous system
What is the term for the body's response to a potentially dangerous or stressful situation?
fight or flight response
what is the term for the body's response to a relaxing and calming situation?
rest and digest response
When your body's fight or flight response mechanism is triggered, what part of the brain is activated?
When your body's fight or flight response mechanism is triggered, which nervous system is activated?
Sympathetic nervous system
Please name 3 physical reactions to a stressful reaction.
- Pupuls dilate
- heart rate increases
- digestive system shuts down
When your body's fight or flight response mechanism is triggered, which gland is activated?
what hormone does the pituitary gland secrete?
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
what hormones does the adrenal gland secrete?
coffee causes the release of what hormone?
cortisol causes an increase in what?
epinephrine is also called what?
norepinephrine is also called what?
too much cortisol causes what disease?
too little cortisol causes what disease?
what is the term for good stress?
what is the term for bad stress?
type of conflict situation: two attractive options.
type of conflict situation: two bad options
type of conflict situation: both good and bad options
type of conflict situation: multiple good and bad options
what term refers to the brain's ability to continually reorganize itself on the basis of environmental input?
The brain is composed of what two kinds of cells?
- nerve cells (neurons)
- Glial cells
what brain cells act as glue and garbage collectors for dead neuron cells?
electro-chemical message sent from one neuron to another.
Please name the nerve fiber which sends the action potential away from the neuron
Please name the nerve fiber which receives the action potential from another neuron.
What is the fatty white substance which insulatres some axon fibers called?
what disease does a person develop if their myelin sheath breaks donw?
Multiple sclerosis (MS)
What is the gap between two neurons called?
What is the name of the chemical which carries the action potential message over the synapse called?
Depression is caused by an undersuply of what neurotransmitter?
Alzheimer's disease is caused by an undersupply of what neurotransmitter?
Parkinson's disease is caued by an undersupply of what neurotransmitter?
Schizophrenia is caused by an oversupply of what neurotransmitter?
What neurotransmitter is your body's natural pain killer?
What are sensory neurons also called?
What are motors neurons also called?
What are the three oarts of the brain?
what is the outer layer of the forebrain called?
what is the inner layer of the forebrain called?
What are the four parts of the limbic system?
which part of the limbic system filters incoming external sesory information?
which part of the limbic system moniters incoming internal sensory information?
which part of the limbic system converts working memory into long term memory?
which part of the limbic system regulates our emotions?
What would you like to do?
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