AP PSYC #5

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Supriya
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128627
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AP PSYC #5
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2012-01-18 21:32:50
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  1. What 2 communication systems run through the body?
    • nervous system
    • endocrine system
  2. what are the 2 parts of the nervous system?
    • central nervous system
    • peripheral nervous system
  3. what are the 2 parts of the centeral nervous system?
    Brain and the spinal cord
  4. What are the two parts of the peripheral nervous system?
    • Somatic nervous system
    • Autonomic nervous system
  5. What are the two parts of the autonomic nervous system?
    • sympathetic nervous system
    • parasympathetic nervous system
  6. What is the term for the body's response to a potentially dangerous or stressful situation?
    fight or flight response
  7. what is the term for the body's response to a relaxing and calming situation?
    rest and digest response
  8. When your body's fight or flight response mechanism is triggered, what part of the brain is activated?
    Hypothalamus
  9. When your body's fight or flight response mechanism is triggered, which nervous system is activated?
    Sympathetic nervous system
  10. Please name 3 physical reactions to a stressful reaction.
    • Pupuls dilate
    • heart rate increases
    • digestive system shuts down
  11. When your body's fight or flight response mechanism is triggered, which gland is activated?
    pituitary gland
  12. what hormone does the pituitary gland secrete?
    Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
  13. what hormones does the adrenal gland secrete?
    • cortisol
    • epinepherine
    • norepinephrine
  14. coffee causes the release of what hormone?
    cortisol
  15. cortisol causes an increase in what?
    belly fat!
  16. epinephrine is also called what?
    adrenaline
  17. norepinephrine is also called what?
    noadrenaline
  18. too much cortisol causes what disease?
    Cushing's syndrome
  19. too little cortisol causes what disease?
    Addison's disease
  20. what is the term for good stress?
    eustress
  21. what is the term for bad stress?
    distress
  22. type of conflict situation: two attractive options.
    approach-approach
  23. type of conflict situation: two bad options
    avoidance-avoidance
  24. type of conflict situation: both good and bad options
    approach-avoidance
  25. type of conflict situation: multiple good and bad options
    double approach-avoidance
  26. what term refers to the brain's ability to continually reorganize itself on the basis of environmental input?
    plasticity
  27. The brain is composed of what two kinds of cells?
    • nerve cells (neurons)
    • Glial cells
  28. what brain cells act as glue and garbage collectors for dead neuron cells?
    Glial cells
  29. electro-chemical message sent from one neuron to another.
    Action potential
  30. Please name the nerve fiber which sends the action potential away from the neuron
    Axon
  31. Please name the nerve fiber which receives the action potential from another neuron.
    dendrite
  32. What is the fatty white substance which insulatres some axon fibers called?
    Myelin sheath
  33. what disease does a person develop if their myelin sheath breaks donw?
    Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  34. What is the gap between two neurons called?
    Synapse
  35. What is the name of the chemical which carries the action potential message over the synapse called?
    neurotransmitter
  36. Depression is caused by an undersuply of what neurotransmitter?
    Serotonin
  37. Alzheimer's disease is caused by an undersupply of what neurotransmitter?
    acetycholine
  38. Parkinson's disease is caued by an undersupply of what neurotransmitter?
    dopamine
  39. Schizophrenia is caused by an oversupply of what neurotransmitter?
    Dopamine
  40. What neurotransmitter is your body's natural pain killer?
    Endorphins
  41. What are sensory neurons also called?
    Afferent Neurons
  42. What are motors neurons also called?
    Efferent Neurons
  43. What are the three oarts of the brain?
    • forebrain
    • midbrain
    • hindbrain
  44. what is the outer layer of the forebrain called?
    cerebral cortex
  45. what is the inner layer of the forebrain called?
    Cerebrum
  46. What are the four parts of the limbic system?
    • hippocampus
    • hypothalamus
    • amygdala
    • thalamus
  47. which part of the limbic system filters incoming external sesory information?
    thalamus
  48. which part of the limbic system moniters incoming internal sensory information?
    hypothalamus
  49. which part of the limbic system converts working memory into long term memory?
    hippocampus
  50. which part of the limbic system regulates our emotions?
    Amygdala

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