Chapter 2

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Author:
jskunz
ID:
128672
Filename:
Chapter 2
Updated:
2012-02-13 00:53:00
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suffixes
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Suffixes
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  1. -algia
    • Pain
    • Ex: gastralgia (stomach pain)
    • --suffix indicating disease and abnormal condition
  2. -asthenia
    • weakness
    • Ex: myasthenia (muscle weakness)
    • --suffix indicating disease or abnormal condition
  3. -cele
    • hernia, protrusion
    • Ex: cystocele (protrusion of bladder)
    • --suffix indicating disease or abnormal condition
  4. -dynia
    • pain
    • Ex: cardiodynia (heart pain)
    • --suffix indicates diseases or abnormal condtion
  5. -cytosis
    • abnormal cell condition (too many)
    • Ex: erythrocytosis (too many red cells)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  6. -ectasis
    • dilated, strtched out
    • Ex: bronchiectasis (dilated bronchi)
    • --suffix indicating disease or abnormal condition
  7. -edema
    • swelling
    • Ex: lymphedema (lymphatic swelling)
    • --suffix indicating disease or abnormal condition
  8. -emesis
    • vomiting
    • Ex: hematemesis (vomiting blood)
    • --suffix indicating disease or abnormal condition
  9. -emia
    • condition of the blood
    • Ex: oxemia (oxygen in blood)
    • --suffix indicate disease or abnormal condition
  10. -ia
    • state, condition
    • Ex: pneumonia (lung condition)
    • --suffix indicating disease or abnormal condition
  11. -iasis
    • abnormal condition
    • Ex: lithiasis (abnormal condition of stones)
    • --suffix indicating disease or abnormal condition
  12. -ism
    • state of, condition
    • Ex: hypothyroidism (state of low thyroid)
    • --suffix disease or abnormal condition
  13. -itis
    • inflammation
    • Ex: dermatitis (skin inflammation)
    • --suffix indictateing disease or abnormal condition
  14. -lith
    • stone
    • Ex: cystolith (bladder stone)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  15. -lysis
    • destruction
    • Ex: osteolysis (bone destruction)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  16. -lytic
    • destruction
    • Ex: thrombolytic (clot destruction)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  17. -malacia
    • abnormal softening
    • Ex: chondromalacia (abnormal cartilage softening)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  18. -megaly
    • enlargement, large
    • Ex: cardiomegaly (enlarged heart)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  19. -oma
    • tumor, mass
    • Ex: carcinoma (cancerous tumor)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  20. -osis
    • abnormal condition
    • cyanosis (abnormal condition of blue)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  21. -pathy
    • disease
    • Ex: myopathy (muscle disease)
    • --suffix indictating disease
  22. -penia
    • too few
    • Ex: cytopenia (too few cells)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  23. -phobia
    • fear
    • Ex: photophobia (abnormal fear of light)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  24. -plegia
    • paralysis
    • Ex: paraplegia (paralysis of both lower extremities)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  25. -ptosis
    • drooping
    • Ex: proctoptosis (drooping rectum)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  26. -rrhage
    • bursting forth
    • Ex: hemorrhage (bursting forth with blood)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  27. -rrhagia
    • bursting forth
    • Ex: menorrhagia (bursting forth with menstral flow)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  28. -rrhea
    • discharge, flow
    • Ex: rhinorrhea (discharge from nose)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  29. -rrhexis
    • rupture
    • Ex: hysterorrhexis (ruptured uterus)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  30. -sclerosis
    • hardened condition
    • Ex: arteriosclerosis (hardening of the artery)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  31. -spasm
    • involuntary muscle contraction
    • Ex: bronchospasm (involuntary contraction of bronchi muscles)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  32. -stasis
    • stopping
    • Ex: hemostasis (stopping blood flow)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  33. -stenosis
    • narrowing
    • Ex: angiostenosis (narrowing of a vessel)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  34. -toxic
    • poison
    • Ex: cytotoxic (poisonous to cells)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  35. -uria
    • condition of the urine
    • Ex: hematuria (blood in urine)
    • --suffix indictating disease or abnormal condition
  36. -clasia
    • surgical breaking
    • Ex: osteoclasia (surgical breaking of bone)
    • --suffix indicating a surgical procedure
  37. -desis
    • surgical fixation
    • Ex: arthrodesis (surgical fixation of joint)
    • --suffix indictating a surgical procedure
  38. -ectomy
    • surgical removal, excision
    • Ex: gastrectomy (surgically remove stomach)
    • --suffix indictating surgical procedure
  39. -ostomy
    • surgically create an opening
    • Ex: colostomy (surgically create opening for colon through abdominal wall)
    • --suffix indictating surgical procedure
  40. -otomy
    • cutting into, incision
    • Ex: thoracotomy (cutting into chest)
    • --suffix indictating surgical procedure
  41. -pexy
    • surgical fixation
    • Ex: nephropexy (surgical fixation of kidney)
    • --suffix indictating surgical procedure
  42. -plasty
    • surgical repair
    • Ex: dermotoplasty (surgical repair of skin)
    • --suffix indictating surgical procedure
  43. -rrhaphy
    • suture
    • Ex: myorrhaphy (suture together muscle)
    • --suffix indictating surgical procedure
  44. -tome
    • instrument to cut
    • Ex: dermatome (instrument to cut skin)
    • --suffix indicating surgical procedure
  45. -tripsy
    • crushing
    • Ex: lithotripsy (crushing stone)
    • --suffix indicating surgical procedure
  46. -centesis
    • puncture to withdraw fluid
    • Ex: arthrocentesis (puncture to withdraw fluid from joint)
    • --suffix indicating diagnostic procedure
  47. -gram
    • record or picture
    • Ex: electrocardiogram (record of heart's electricity)
    • --suffix indicating diagnostic procedure
  48. -graph
    • instrument for recording
    • Ex: myograph (instrument for recording muscle)
    • --suffix indicating disgnostic procedure
  49. -graphy
    • process of recording
    • Ex: electrocardiography (process of recording heart electricity)
    • --suffix indicating diagnostic procedure
  50. -manometer
    • instrument for measuring pressure
    • Ex: sphygmomanometer (instrument for measuring pulse pressure)
  51. -meter
    • instrument for measuring
    • Ex: audiometer (insturment to measure hearing)
  52. -metry
    • process of measuring
    • Ex: audiometry (process of measuring hearing)
  53. -scope
    • instument for viewing
    • Ex: gastroscope (instrument to view stomach)
  54. -scopy
    • process of visually examining
    • Ex: gastroscopy (process of visually examining stomach)
  55. -cle
    • small
    • Ex: vesicle (small bladder)
  56. -cyesis
    • pregnancy
    • Ex: salphingocyesis (fallopian tube pregnancy)
  57. -cyte
    • cell
    • Ex: leukocyte (white cell)
  58. -derma
    • skin condition
    • Ex: leukoderma (white skin condition)
  59. -dipsia
    • thirst
    • Ex: polydipsia (frequent thirst)
  60. -esthesia
    • feeling, sensation
    • Ex: anesthesia (without sensation)
  61. -gen
    • that which produces
    • Ex: mutagen (that which produces mutations)
  62. -genesis
    • produces, generates
    • Ex: osteogenesis (produces bone)
  63. -genic
    • producing
    • Ex: carcinogenic (producing cancer)
  64. -globin
    • protein
    • Ex: hemoglobin (blood protein)
  65. -globulin
    • protein
    • Ex: immunoglobulin (protective protein)
  66. -gravida
    • pregnancy
    • Ex: multigravida (many pregnancies)
  67. -kinesia
    • movement
    • Ex: bradykinesia (slow movement)
  68. -oid
    • resembling
    • Ex: lipoid (resembling fat)
  69. -ole
    • small
    • Ex: arteriole (small artery)
  70. -opia
    • vision
    • Ex: diplopia (double vision)
  71. -opsy
    • view of
    • Ex: biopsy (view of life)
  72. -osmia
    • sense of smell
    • Ex: anosmia (no sense of smell)
  73. -oxia
    • oxygen
    • Ex: anoxia (w/o oxygen)
  74. -para
    • to bear (offspring)
    • Ex: nullipara (to bear no children)
  75. -partum
    • birth, labor
    • Ex: postpartum (after birth)
  76. -pepsia
    • digestion
    • Ex: bradypepsia (slow digestion)
  77. -phagia
    • eating, swallowing
    • Ex: dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)
  78. -phasia
    • speech
    • Ex: aphasia (lack of speech)
  79. -phil
    • attracted to
    • Ex: eosinophil (attracted to rosy [dye])
  80. -phonia
    • voice
    • Ex: aphonia (w/o voice)
  81. -plasm
    • formation, development
    • Ex: neoplasm (new formation)
  82. -pnea
    • breathing
    • Ex: apnea (lack of breathing)
  83. -poiesis
    • formation
    • Ex: hematopoisis (blood formation)
  84. -porosis
    • porous
    • Ex: osteoporosis (porous bone)
  85. -ptysis
    • spitting up, coughing up
    • Ex: hemoptysis (spitting or coughing up blood)
  86. -therapy
    • treatment
    • Ex: chemotherapy (treatment with chemicals)
  87. -thorax
    • chest
    • Ex: hemothorax (blood in the chest)
  88. -trophic
    • development
    • Ex: amyotrophic (w/o muscle development)
  89. -trophy
    • nourishment, development
    • Ex: hypertrophy (excessive development)
  90. -ule
    • small
    • Ex: venule (small vein)
  91. -er
    • one who
    • Ex: radiographer (one who takes x-rays)
  92. -iatric
    • medical specialty
    • Ex: psychiatric (medical specialty of the mind)
  93. -iatrist
    • physician
    • Ex: psychiatrist (physician specializing in the mind)
  94. -iatry
    • treatment, medicine
    • Ex: podiatry (treatment of the foot)
  95. -ician
    • specialist
    • Ex: pediatrician (specialist for children)
  96. -ist
    • specialist
    • Ex: pharmacist (drug specialist)
  97. -logist
    • one who studies
    • Ex: cardiologist (one who studies the heart)
  98. -logy
    • study of
    • Ex: cardiology (study of the heart)
  99. -ac
    • pertaining to
    • Ex: cardiac (pertaining to heart)
    • --suffix used to convert word root to adjective
  100. -al
    • pertaining to
    • Ex: duodenal (pertaining to deodenum)
    • --suffix used to convert word root into adjective
  101. -an
    • pertaining to
    • Ex: ovarian (pertaining to ovary)
    • --suffix used to convert word roots into adjectives
  102. -ar
    • pertaining to
    • Ex: ventricular (pertaining to lungs)
    • --suffix used to convert word roots into adjectives
  103. -ary
    • pertaining to
    • Ex: pulmonary (pertaining to lungs)
    • --suffix used to convert word roots into adjective
  104. -atic
    • pertaining to
    • Ex: lymphatic (pertaining to lymph)
    • --suffix used to convert word roots into adjectives
  105. -eal
    • pertaining to
    • Ex: esophageal (pertaining to esophagus)
    • --suffix used to convert word roots into adjective
  106. -ic
    • pertaining to
    • Ex: gastric (pertaining to stomach)
    • --suffix used to convert word roots into adjective
  107. -ine
    • pertaining to
    • Ex: uterine (pertaining to uterus)
    • --suffix used to convert word roots into adjective
  108. -ior
    • pertaining to
    • Ex: superior (pertaining to above)
    • --suffix used to word root into adjective
  109. -nic
    • pertaining to
    • Ex: embryonic (pertaining to embryo)
    • --suffix used to convert word roots into adjective
  110. -ory
    • pertaining to
    • Ex: auditory (pertaining to hearing)
    • --suffix used to convert word roots into adjective
  111. -ose
    • pertaining to
    • Ex: adipose (pertaining to fat)
    • --suffix used to convert word roots into adjective
  112. -ous
    • pertaining to
    • Ex: venous (pertaining to vein)
    • --suffix used to convert word root into adjective
  113. -tic
    • pertaining to
    • Ex: hepatic (pertaining to liver)
    • --suffix used to convert word roots into adjective

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