Test #1

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Test #1
2012-01-18 21:41:13
Anatomy Assessment

First Semester
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  1. A set of terms originating from __ and __ words form the basis for the language of anatomy and physiology.
    • greek
    • latin
  2. The word structures relates to the study of __, while the word functions relates to the science of __>
    anatomy; physiology
  3. The characteristic of life which is defined as the body' reaction to internal and external change is called: __
  4. movement of body fluids as seen with blood and lymph fluid is known as : __
  5. Increasing size usually without changing shape is called: __
  6. Of the items listed, which is not required for the maintenance of life?
    A. water
    B. carbon dioxide
    C. pressure
    D. food
    B. carbon dioxide
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The rate which chemical reactions take place in the body is controlled by __.
  8. An example of the organ level of organization would include the __.
  9. The existence of a stable internal environment in hte body is called: __.
  10. When body temp rises, a center in the brain initiates physiological changes to decrease the body temp. This is an example of : __
    negative feeedback
  11. What does the mediastinum do?
    divides the thoracic cavity into left and right
  12. __ portion of the body consists of the upper and lower lims; whereas the __ portion consists of the head, trunk, and necl.
    • appendicular
    • axial
  13. The peritoneal membranes are the lining membranes of the __.
    abdominal cavity
  14. The membrane on the surface of a lung is called the __.
    visceral pleura
  15. A patient that is going to have surgery on their vertebral cavity would be positioned: __
  16. The anatomical term that refers to the back of the human body is: __
  17. The ventral body cavity is divided into a superior __ cavity and an inferior __ cavity.
    thoracic; abdominopelvic
  18. What are the increasing levels of organization?
    • atom
    • molecule
    • macromolecule
    • organelle
    • cell
    • tissue
    • organ
    • organ system
    • organism
  19. When a body is in anatomical position, it is:
    standing erect with the face forward, arms at sides and palms up
  20. Which of the following organs is matched correctly?
    a. urinary bladder- pelvic cavity
    b. heart- pleural cavity
    c. eye- oral cavity
    d. lungs- peritoneal cavity
    urinary bladder- pelvic cavity
  21. part that is closer to the head than something else is said to be: __
  22. Regarding directional terms that describe the positions of body structures, which of the following is correct?
    a. the fingers are proximal to the wrist
    b. the ears are lateral to the nose
    c. the knee is distal to the foot
    d. the umbilicus is superior to the epigastic region.
    the ears are lateral to the nose
  23. A section that separates the body into right and left portions would be a __
    sagittal section
  24. The dorsal body cavity is subdivided into the: __
    cranial; vertebral cavities
  25. drains excess tissue fluid and includes cells of immunity
    lymphatic system
  26. is made up of the mouth, esophagus, stomach, and intestines
    digestive system
  27. senses changes outside the body, and helps regulate body temperature
    integumentary system
  28. provides body movement, posture, and body heat
    muscular system
  29. made up of the heart and blood vessels
    cardiovascular system
  30. includes bones and ligaments
    skeletal system
  31. receives, breaks down, and absorbs nutrients
    digestive system
  32. includes the penis, testes, vagina, and ovaries
    reproductive system
  33. integrates incoming information from receptors and sends impulses to muscles and glands
    nervous system
  34. distributes oxygen and nutrients throughout the body while removing wastes from the cells
    cardiovascular system
  35. exchanges gases between the blood and air and is made up of the lungs and passageways
    respiratory system
  36. includes skin, hair, nails, and glands
    integumentary system
  37. removes wastes from the blood and helps to maintain water and electrolyte balance
  38. supprts, protects, provides frameowrks, stores inorganic salts, and houses blood-forming tissues
    skeletal system