Preanesthetic 2.txt

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Author:
kris10leejmu
ID:
128706
Filename:
Preanesthetic 2.txt
Updated:
2012-01-18 14:21:13
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Clinical Practice
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Clinical Practice
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  1. What are the factors that influence anesthesia
    • Physical status
    • Availability of equipment
    • Familiarity with drugs
    • Nature of procedure
    • Special patient circumstances
    • Cost
    • Speed
    • Availability of trained personnel
  2. What are the main things to look for physically in a patient?
    • Cardiovascular problems
    • Respiratory problems
    • Liver & kidney problems
    • Geriatric
    • Debilitated
  3. What equipment needs to be available?
    • Needle & syringe
    • Inhalation anesthesia machine
    • Ventilator
  4. What is the role of the LVT when it comes to the availability of equipment?
    • Keep everything well organized & well stocked
    • Be able to find, use, maintain, and order equipment & supplies
  5. What procedures can we use anesthesia for?
    • Examination
    • Surgery
    • Diagnostic test
    • Radiograph
  6. What organs can anesthesia cause damage to?
    Kidneys
  7. Which anesthesia is the safest & when should it be used?
    • Inhalation
    • Used during really long procedures
  8. Older drugs usually cost ___.
    Less
  9. Why do we fast the patient before anesthesia?
    Prevents vomiting or regurgitation
  10. What is the difference between vomiting & regurgitation?
    • Vomiting - reverse the process of swallowing (uses muscle contractions)
    • Regurgitation - passive process, no muscle contraction
  11. How long should we withhold food before anesthesia? Water?
    • Food - 12 hours
    • Water - 2 hours
  12. To empty out the entire GI system for GI surgery we would withhold food & water for how long?
    • Food - 24 hours
    • Water - 8-12 hours
  13. Which patients should we avoid fasting? And why?
    • Birds, small exotics, puppies & kittens under 3 months old
    • Will get hypoglycemic
  14. Define emetic drug
    Makes them vomit
  15. Define antiemetic drugs
    Keeps them from vomiting
  16. When do we take out the cuffed endotracheal tube?
    Until the animal chews during recovery...let's us know they have their swallowing reflex back
  17. What are the different types of anesthesia?
    • General
    • Local
    • Regional
    • Topical
  18. Where do we give general type of anesthesia?
    • IM
    • IV
    • Gas (inhalation)
  19. What is local anesthesia?
    • Patient is awake
    • Blocks the feeling in a small area of the body
  20. How is local anesthesia given?
    • Injectable
    • Topical

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