Card Set Information
EMT-B CHAPTER 2
The spread of an organism in aerosol form
The federal regulatory compliance agency that develops, publishes, and enforces guidelines concerning safety in the workplace.
Accupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Inflammation of the liver, usually caused by a viral infection, that causes fever. loss of appetite, jaundice, fatigue, and altered liver function.
The presence of infectious organisms or foeign bodies on or in objects suchas dressings, water, food, needles, wounds, or a patient's body.
The use of an animal to spread an organism from one person or place to another.
Pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, bat are not limited to, hepatitis B virus and human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
A process that confronts the responses to critical incidents and defuses them, directing the emergency service personnel toward physical and emotional equilibrium.
critical incident stress management (CISM)
The body's ability to protect itself fro acquiring a disease.
The tactical use of an impenetrable barrier for protection.
cover and concealment
Reaction to stress that occurs during a stressful situation.
acute stress reactions
A delayed stress reaction to a prior incident. This delayed reaction is often the result of one or more unresolved issues concerning the incident.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Aquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is caused by this virus, which damages the cells ing the body's immune system so the body is unable to fight infection or certain cancers.
Human immunodificiency virus (HIV)
The way in which an ifectious disease is spread: contact, airborne, by vehicles, or by vectors.
A medical condition caused by the growth and spread of small, harmful organisms withing the body.
Reaction to stress that occurs after a stressful siguation.
Delayed stress reaction
The contamination of food or water with an organism that can cause disease.
The organism or individual that is attacked by the infecting agent.
The abnormal invasion of a host or host tissues by organisms such as bacteria, viruses, or parasites, with or without signs or symptoms of disease.
Procedures to reuce transmission or infection among patients and helth care personnel.
The body's response to stress that begins with an alarm response, folloed by a stage of reaction and resistance, and the recover or, if the stress is porlonged, exhaustion.
General adaptation syndrome
Prolonged or excessive stress.
Cumulative stress reactions
The individual in the department who is charged wht the responsibility of managing exposures and infection control issues.
Exposure or transmission of disease from one personto another by contact with a contaminated object.
A situation in which a person has had contact with blood, body fluids, tissues, or airborne particles in a manner that suggests disease transmission may occur.
A disease that can be spread from one person or species to another.
Exposure or transmission of a communicable disease from one person to another by physical contact
The primary federal agency that conducts and supports public health activities in the US. it is part of the US dept. of health and human services
(CDC) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
A microorganism that is capable of causing disease in a susceptible host.
Protective measures that have traditionally been developed by the (CDC) for use in dealing with objects, blood, body fluids, and other potential exposure risks of communicable disease.
Clothing or specialized equipment that provides protection to the wearer.
(PPE) Personal protective equipment