KIN 2509 Ch 2

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dfusel2
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128711
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KIN 2509 Ch 2
Updated:
2012-01-18 20:48:23
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med specialties records
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Medical Specialties and Records
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  1. anesthesiologist
    treatment of pain and the administration of medication to relieve pain during surgery
  2. cardiologist
    treatment of heart and vascular disorders
  3. cardiovascular surgeon
    surgical treatment of heart and blood vessels
  4. dermatologist
    diagnosis and treatment of skin disorder
  5. emergency physician
    emergency evaluation and treatment of conditions caused by trauma or sudden illness
  6. endocrinologist
    diagnosis and treatment of endocrine gland disorders
  7. family practitioner
    primary care and treatment of children and adults on a continuing basis
  8. gastroenterologist
    treatment of diseases involving the stomach, intestines, gallbladder, and bile duct
  9. gerentologist
    diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the elderly
  10. hermatologist
    treatment of blood disorders
  11. immunologist
    treatment of allergic disorders and the management of the body's immune system
  12. internist
    diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of disorders in adults
  13. neurologist
    diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of the nervous system and its disorders
  14. neurosurgeon
    diagnosis and surgical treatment of the central nervous system and its disorder
  15. obstetrician
    treatment of pregnant women and the detus during the pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum periods
  16. gynecologist
    surgery and treatment of the female reproductive system
  17. oncologist
    diagnosis and treatment of cancer
  18. opthalmologist
    medical and surgical treatment of eye disorders
  19. otorhinolaryngologist/ otolaryngologist
    medical and surgical treatment of diseases and injuries of the ear, nose and throat
  20. orthopedist/ orthopedic surgeon
    medical and surgical treatment of the musculoskeletal system (bones, muscles, and joints)
  21. pathologist
    diagnosis of diseases by analyzing cells obtained at biopsy or autopsy
  22. pediatrician
    care and treatment of children
  23. plastic surgeon
    surgery for alteration, replacement, and restoration of body structures due to a defect or for cosmetic reasons
  24. proctologist
    treatment of disorders of the colon, rectum, and anus
  25. psychiatrist
    diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders
  26. pulmonologist
    treatment of lung diseases and breathing disorders
  27. radiologist
    use of x-rays to diagnose and treat diseases
  28. rheumetologist
    treatment of joint and muscle disorders
  29. urologist
    surgical and nonsurgical treatment of the male urinary and reproductive systems and the female urinary system
  30. What are the requirements to receive the MD degree in the United States?
    Successfully complete 4 years of study from an accredited medical school
  31. Besides the MD degree, what are the other requirements to practice medicine?
    the MD must pass a state license examination and any other requirements of the state
  32. fellowship training
    • postgraduate training following residency
    • 2 to 5 years of training in clinical (patient) care and research skills in a specialized area of medicine
  33. primary care providers
    • specialists in family practice, internal medicine, and pediatrics
    • the first health professional a patient usually consults
    • these physicians tend to see patients on a regular basis for a variety of ailments and preventative treatments
  34. When is the medical record initiated?
    at the time of the patient's first visit
  35. How would a medical record be advantageous as a legal document is a patient sues the physician?
    accurate, documented information provides evidence to protect the legal interests of the health-care facility, the physician, and the patient
  36. Besides medical information, what other type of information is contained in the medical record?
    • nonmedical information, such as occupation, address, telephone number
    • demographic information, such as race, gender, and age are also part of the medical record
  37. What is the primary purpose of the history and physical?
    • to provide information about the patient's medical history and current physical state
    • the physician needs this information to make a diagnosis and prescribe a treatment plan for the patient
  38. What is a consultation report?
    written correspondence by a physician who requests, and then is provided with, further medical evaluation of patients by specialists or other physicians
  39. otalgia
    • pain in the ear
    • "earache"
    • otodynia
  40. amoxicillin
    • semi-synthetic derivative of ampicillin
    • effective against a broad spectrum of gram-postive and gram-negative bacteria
    • administered orally
    • brand name: Augmentin, Clavulin
    • for lower respiratory infections, otitis media, sinusitis, skin infections, and urinary tract infections
  41. Wellbutrin
    • trademark for a preparation of bupropion hydrochloride
    • Brand name: Wellbutrin, Zyban
    • Generic name: bupropion
    • antidepressant, non-nicotine smoking cessation aid
    • for depression & nicotine addiction
  42. serous
    • pertaining to or resembling serum
    • producing or containing serum (as a serous gland or cyst)
  43. otitis
    • inflammation of the ear often with pain, fever, hearing loss, tinnitus, and vertigo
    • Examples: o. externa, o. media, o. interna
  44. oropharynx
  45. erythematous
    redness of the skin produced by congestion of the capillaries
  46. erythromycin
    • broad spectrum macrolide antibiotic
    • produced by Saccharopolyspora erythraea
    • effective against most gram-positive and certain gram-negative bacteria
    • used in patients allergic to penicillin or with penicillin-resistant infections (penicillin alternative)
    • Brand name: Ilosone, Erythrocin
    • Antibiotic for acute pelvic inflammatory disease, endocarditits
  47. lymphadenopathy
    • disease of the lymph nodes, usually with swelling
    • AKA adenopathy
  48. auscultation
    act of listening for sounds within the body, chiefly for ascertaining the condition of the lungs, heart, pleura, abdomen, and other organs
  49. Afrin
    • generic - oxymetazoline
    • brand name: Afrin, Allerest, Dristan
    • decongestant, vasoconstrictor
    • used for nasal congestion
  50. bilaterally
  51. Claritin-D
    • trademark for preparation of loratadine
    • generic - loratadine & pseudoephedrine
    • antihistamine & decongestant
    • used for seasonal allergic rhinitis
  52. Flonase
    • generic - fluticasone propionate
    • treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia
  53. pulmonary
  54. intubation
  55. prednisone
    • generic immunosuppressant, anti-inflammatory
    • brand name: Deltasone, Meticorten
    • used for severe inflammation, undesirable immune response
  56. hypertension
  57. Xanax
    • generic name - alprazolam
    • anxiolytic
    • used to treat anxiety, panic disorder, and agoraphobia
  58. Proventil
    • generic name - albuterol
    • another brand name: Ventolin
    • bronchodilator
    • used for bronchospasms
  59. Paxil
    • generic name - paroxetine
    • antidepressant
    • used for depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder
  60. Adalat
    • generic name - nifedipine
    • another brand name: Procardia
    • antianginal
    • used for angina & hypertension
  61. Accupril
    • generic name - quinapril
    • antihypertensive
    • used for hypertension, heart failure management
  62. nausea
  63. diarrhea
  64. melena
  65. hematochezia
  66. bruit
  67. thyromegaly
  68. tachycardia
  69. hepatosplenomegaly
  70. edema
  71. Cefizox
    • generic name - ceftizoxime
    • antibiotic
    • used for bacteremia, septicemia, meningitis, pelvic inflammatory disease
  72. Solu-Medrol
    • generic name - methylprednisolone
    • glucocorticoid
    • used for multiple sclerosis, inflammation, shock
  73. retrosternal
  74. pericarditis
  75. claudication
  76. pleuritic pain
  77. paroxysmal
  78. nocturnal
  79. dsypnea
  80. orthopnea
  81. Coumadin
    • generic name - warfarin
    • anticoagulant
    • used for pulmonary emboli, thrombosis, myocardial infarction
  82. cardiovascular
  83. coronal
  84. sacrum
  85. herniation
  86. sodium
  87. glucose
  88. leukocytes
  89. nitrite
  90. biopsy
  91. endometrial
  92. hemorrhage
  93. malignancy
  94. hyperplasia
  95. endometritis
  96. pathologist
  97. apnea
  98. uvulopalatoplasty
  99. soft palate
  100. oropharnyx
  101. lidocaine
  102. inferiorly
  103. posteriorly
  104. anteriorly
  105. atrioventricular
  106. mitral
  107. regurgitation
  108. diuresed
  109. intravenous
  110. diuretics
  111. dopamine
    • brand name: Intropin
    • vasopressor
    • used as adjunct in shock to increase cardiac output and blood pressure, severe heart failure
  112. Cordarone
    • generic name - amiodarone
    • ventricular antiarrhythmic
    • used for ventricular fibrillation, tachycardia, angina
  113. Micro-K
    • generic name - potassium chloride
    • other brand names: K-Dur, Micro-K ExtenCaps
    • electrolyte balance
    • used for hypokalemia, potassium replacement
  114. Isordil
    • generic name - isosorbide
    • other brand names: Sorbitrate, Titradose
    • antianginal, vasodilator
    • used for angina, ischemic heart disease, heart failure
  115. digoxin
    • brand name: Lanoxin
    • antiarrhythmic
    • used for heart failure, atrial fibrillation, tachycardia
  116. Zestril
    • generic name - lisinopril
    • other brand name: Prinivil
    • antihypertensive
    • used for hypertension, heart failure, myocardial infarction
  117. Combivent
    • generic names - albuterol, ipratropium bromide
    • antiasthmatic, bronchodilator
    • used for prevention and treatment of bronchospasm
  118. ecchymotic
  119. ecchymosis
  120. lateral
  121. distal
  122. dorsalis pedis
  123. capillary
  124. dorsiflexion
  125. proximal
  126. fibula
  127. ortho
  128. discharge summary
    enumeration of services rendered to a patient during the patient's stay in a hospital or other health-care facility
  129. laboratory report
    contains results of tests performed on tissue samples, blood, body fluids, etc.
  130. operative report
    a narrative description of a surgical procedure
  131. emergency department report
    report that is initiated when a patient is treated in the ER
  132. progress notes
    • contains information by the health-care practitioner after examining, talking with, or meeting with a patient
    • AKA chart notes
  133. imaging report
    report that contains the findings of x-ray procedures
  134. letters
    • business correspondence used to communicate patient information to other physicians, insurance companies, government offices, and the patient
    • often written in a business letter format
  135. H&P
    documents important data that focus on the medical history, social history, and the complaint or illness that prompted the patient to seek medical attention
  136. pathology report
    • contains the findhings of a tissue sample taken during surgery, a biopsy, or an autopsy
    • AKA biopsy report
  137. consultation
    examination of a patient by a specialist at the request of the primary care physician

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